Research Lab Results for genetics
Brain Tumor Cancer Genetics LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Chetan Bettegowda, M.D., Ph.D.
The lab explores the genetic underpinnings that drive the pathogenesis of a variety of primary ...central nervous system neoplasms. We are interested in exploiting genetic changes for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Our lab is currently working on understanding the extreme responders and extreme clinical phenotypes of brain and spinal cord tumors to identify factors that may modulate responses to therapy. view moreResearch Areas: brain tumor genetics, brain tumor
Brain Tumor LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Henry Brem, M.D.
At the brain tumor laboratory, Henry Brem, M.D. and Betty Tyler, along with more than 350 train...ees, have conducted scientific research, contributed to scientific literature, amended clinical practice, and illuminated new pathways for improving clinical outcomes.Research Areas: brain tumor drug delivery, brain tumor
The laboratory has advanced the understanding of gene therapy, angiogenesis, intracranial implantation of biodegradable polymers to treat malignant glioma, tumor genetics and proteomics, microchip drug delivery and drug resistance studies. Dr. Brem and his colleagues have designed and led many multi-institutional clinical trials to improve and expand the range of therapeutic options for patients with brain tumors. view more
Dhananjay Vaidya LabPrincipal Investigator:
Jay Vaidya, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., M.P.H.
Research conducted in the Dhananjay Vaidya Lab focuses on the prevention of heart disease, with... special emphasis on cardiometabolic risk factors, genetics in high-risk families, cardiovascular epidemiology, statistics and vascular biology. We also provide consultation on study design as well as plan and oversee data analyses for projects supported by the Center for Child and Community Health Research. view moreResearch Areas: heart disease, epidemiology, data analysis, cardiometabolic risk factors, statistics, study design, cardiovascular, genomics, vascular biology
DNA Diagnostic LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Garry Cutting, M.D.
Established in 1979, the Johns Hopkins DNA Diagnostic Laboratory is a CLIA and CAP certified; M...aryland, New York, and Pennsylvania licensed clinical genetics testing laboratory specializing in rare inherited disorders. Led by renown professor of pediatrics and medical genetics Dr. Garry R. Cutting, the lab offers testing for a range of approximately 50 phenotypes and disorders totaling 3,500 tests annually. view moreResearch Areas: genetics, genetic sequencing, genetic counseling, rare inherited disorders
Dong LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Xinzhong Dong, Ph.D.
The Dong Laboratory has identified many genes specifically expressed in primary sensory neurons... in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Our lab uses multiple approaches, including molecular biology, mouse genetics, mouse behavior and electrophysiology, to study the function of these genes in pain and itch sensation. Other research in the lab examines the molecular mechanism of how skin mast cells sensitize sensory nerves under inflammatory states. view moreResearch Areas: skin cells, electrophysiology, genetics, itch, neuroscience, pain, molecular biology
Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer LaboratoryPrincipal Investigator:
Michael Goggins, M.B.B.Ch., M.D.
The goal of the lab's research is to identify molecular abnormalities that can improve the outc...ome of patients with pancreatic cancer and those at risk of developing this disease. Much of our work is focused on translational research evaluating markers and marker technologies that can help screen patients with an increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer.Research Areas: pancreatic cancer
Thus, marker efforts have been focused mostly on identifying markers of advanced precancerous neoplasia (PanINs and IPMNs) that could improve our ability to effectively screen patients at risk of developing pancreatic cancer. We lead or participate in a number of clinical research protocols involved in the screening and early detection of pancreatic neoplasia including the CAPS clinical trials. We maintain a large repository of specimens from cases and controls with and without pancreatic disease and use this repository to investigate candidate markers of pancreatic cancer for their utility to predict pancreatic cancer risk.
In addition, we have been working to identify familial pancreatic cancer susceptibility genes and identified BRCA2 as a pancreatic cancer susceptibility gene in 1996. We participate in the PACGENE consortium and the familial pancreatic cancer sequencing initiative. My lab also investigates pancreatic cancer genetics, epigenetics, molecular pathology, tumor stromal interactions and functional analysis of candidate genes and miRNAs. Dr. Goggins is the principal investigator of a phase I/II clinical trial evaluating the Parp inhibitor, olaparib along with irinotecan and cisplatin for patients with pancreatic cancer. view more
GI Early Detection Biomarkers LabPrincipal Investigator:
Stephen Meltzer, M.D.
Dr. Meltzer is an internationally renowned leader in the molecular pathobiology of gastrointest...inal malignancy and premalignancy. He invented molecular methods to detect loss of heterozygosity in tiny biopsies, triggering an avalanche of research on precancerous lesions. He was the first to comprehensively study coding region microsatellite instability, leading to the identification of several important tumor suppressor genes. He performed several groundbreaking genomic, epigenomic and bioinformatic studies of esophageal and colonic neoplasms, shifting the GI research paradigm toward genome-wide approaches. He directed an ambitious nationwide validation study of DNA methylation-based biomarkers for the prediction of neoplastic progression in Barrett’s esophagus.Research Areas: gastrointestinal cancer, gastrointestinal
Dr. Meltzer founded and led the Aerodigestive Cancer and Biomarker Interdisciplinary Programs at the University of Maryland, also becoming associate director for core sciences at that school’s Cancer Center. He currently holds an endowed professorship and is the director of GI biomarker research at Johns Hopkins.
The laboratory group focuses its efforts on the molecular genetics of gastrointestinal cancers and premalignant lesions, as well as on translational research to improve early detection, prognostic evaluation, and treatment of these conditions. Below, some examples of this work are described. view more
Huang LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Chuan-Hsiang Huang, M.D., Ph.D.
Our lab is interested in understanding the fundamental mechanisms of how cells move and implica...tions in disease treatment. We use an interdisciplinary approach involving fluorescent live cell imaging, genetics, and computer modeling to study the systems level properties of the biochemical networks that drive cell migration. view moreResearch Areas: pathology
Joseph Mankowski LabPrincipal Investigator:
Joseph L. Mankowski, D.V.M., Ph.D.
Molecular and Comparative Pathobiology
The Joseph Mankowski Lab studies the immunopathogenesis of HIV infection using the SIV/macaque ...model. Our researchers use a multidisciplinary approach to dissect the mechanism underlying HIV-induced nervous system and cardiac diseases. Additionally, we study the role that host genetics play in HIV-associated cognitive disorders. view moreResearch Areas: macaques, HIV, genomics, SIV, pathogenesis, cardiology, nervous system
Ken Hui LabPrincipal Investigator:
Ken Hui, M.D., Ph.D.
The Hui lab performs basic, translational and clinical research on genetics and genomics of neu...rogastroenterological disorders.Research Areas: Genetics and genomics of neurogastroenterological disorders