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Simons, Kurt

Kurt SimonsResearch Associate
Director, Pediatric Vision Laboratory
Krieger Children's Eye Center
Wilmer Eye Institute

Phone: 410-955-8314
Fax: 410-955-0809
E-mail: ksimons@jhmi.edu                                                                  

Education:

  • Pennsylvania State University, B.A., 1963
  • Michigan State University, Graduate Training, 1965-66
  • Harvard Medical School, Research Fellow in Ophthalmology, Howe Laboratory, 1967-70
  • Harvard University, Ed.M., 1968
  • Harvard University, Ph.D., 1975

Professional Experience:

  • 1967 Research Assistant, Aiken Computer Center, Harvard University
  • 1970-76 Research Instructor, Department of Ophthalmology, Albany Medical College
  • 1976-80 Research Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Albany Medical College
  • 1980-84 Research Associate/ Research Administrator, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA
  • 1984-91 Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • 1991-97 Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital,
  • 1997- present Research Associate, Director, Pediatric Vision Laboratory, Zanvyl Krieger Children's Eye Center Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital

National Committees:

2008-present
Consultant, Vision Screening Committee, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

1985-present
Member, Special and SBIR Study Sections, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health

1995-present
Member, Pediatric Advisory Committee, Prevent Blindness America

1986
Member, Subcommittee on Vision Research, Instrumentation, National Research Council

1990
Member, Study Section, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, US Department of Education

1996
Outside Reviewer, VISB, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health

1997, 1998
Consultant, Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine, Section on Ophthalmology, American Academy of Pediatrics

2000
Reviewer, RTI-UNC Evidence-based Practice Center, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina

Editorial Appointments:

1979
Consultant for program on "Vision", NOVA, WGBH-TV, Boston, Massachusetts.
Reviewer, Computers in Biology and Medicine

1980
Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology & Vision Science
Reviewer, Perception & Psychophysics

1987
Reviewer, Applied Optics

1989-94
Reviewer, Archives of Ophthalmology

1990
Consultant, "The Reader's Digest Home Eye Test", Reader's Digest, September, p. 93

1992, 1993
Reviewer, Binocular Vision Quarterly

1994
Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology & Vision Science

1996
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science
Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology & Vision Science

1997
Reviewer, Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Reviewer, Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus
Reviewer, Ambulatory Child Health
Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology & Vision Science
Reviewer, Survey of Ophthalmology

1998
Reviewer, Ambulatory Child Health
Reviewer, Vision Research
Reviewer, Pediatrics
Reviewer, Survey of Ophthalmology
Reviewer, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine

1999
Reviewer, Paediatric Drugs
Reviewer, Binocular Vision Quarterly
Reviewer, Kluwer Academic Publishers
Reviewer, Michigan Screening Project
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science

2001
Reviewer, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Reviewer, Ophthalmology
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science
Reviewer, Journal of the Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus
Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology & Vision Science

2002
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science
Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology & Vision Science
Reviewer, Journal of the Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus

2003
Reviewer, Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science
Revierwer, United States Preventative Services Task Force

2004
Reviewer, Binocular Vision & Strabismus Quarterly
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science
Reviewer, Pediatrics

2005
Reviewer, Pediatrics
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science
Reviewer, Journal of the Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus

2007-2010
Reviewer, Optometry & Vision Science
Reviewer, Journal of the Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus
Reviewer, United States Preventative Services Task Force
Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology & Vision Science
Reviewer, Cochrane Reviews
Reviewer, Archives of Ophthalmology

Invited Lectures and Symposia:

1986
Low Vision Symposium, Scheie Eye Institute,
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1987
Workshop on Infant Testing, Annual Meeting,
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology
and Strabismus, Scottsdale, Arizona

1987
Sunday Night Symposium, Annual Meeting, American
Academy of Ophthalmology, Dallas, Texas

1988
Science Writers' Seminar, Research to Prevent Blindness, Arlington, Virginia

1990-91
Conference Organizer, Committee on Vision, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council, Invitational Symposium on "Infant Vision"

1998
Invited Discussant, Annual Meeting, American Academy of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus

Invited Panelist, Expert Panel on Vision Screening, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, National Institutes of Health

1999
Invited Participant, Section Moderator, "Amblyopia: From Taxonomy to Treatment", The Novartis Foundation, London, England

Invited Discussant, American Academy of Ophthalmology, Annual Meeting

2000
Invited Moderator, Section on “Vision,” Symposium “Spanning the Millennium: Pediatric Ophthalmology at the Zoo,” American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, Annual Meeting, San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA, April 12, 2000

Invited Speaker, “Melanin and décalage:  Speculations on esotropiagenesis.”  Symposium “Spanning the Millennium: Pediatric Ophthalmology at the Zoo,” American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, Annual Meeting, San Diego Zoo, San Diego, CA, April 12, 2000

2001
Invited Discussant, American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, Annual Meeting, March 22, 2001

2002
Consultant, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, April 2002

Publications:

Simons K and Reinecke RD: A reconsideration of amblyopia screening and stereopsis. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 78:707-713, 1974.

Reinecke RD and Simons K: A new stereoscopic test for amblyopia screening. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 78:714-721, 1974.

Reinecke RD, Simons K, Moss A, Morton G: An improved method of fitting resultant prism in treatment of two-axis strabismus, Archives of Ophthalmology, 96:1255-1257, 1977.

Simons K, Moss A and Reinecke RD: Ocular motility test administration and analysis by computer in strabismus and amblyopia evaluation, Computers in Biology and Medicine, 8:105-123, 1978.

Simons K: Stereoacuity norms in young children. Archives of Ophthalmology, 99:439-445, 1981.

Simons K: A comparison of the Frisby, RDE, Randot and TNO stereo tests in screening and office use. Archives of Ophthalmology, 99:446-452, 1981.

Simons K and Moss A: A dynamic random dot stereogram-based system for strabismus and amblyopia screening of infants and young children. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 11:33-46, 1981.

Simons K: Visual acuity norms in young children. Survey of Ophthalmology, 27:84-92, 1983.

Ehrlich MI, Reinecke RD, Simons K: Preschool vision screening for amblyopia and strabismus. Programs, methods, guidelines 1983, Survey of Ophthalmology, 28:145-163, 1983.

Simons K: Stereoacuity improvement in amblyopes after minimal occlusion treatment (Letter to the editor) Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 25:621-622, 1984

Simons K: Effects on stereopsis of monocular versus binocular degradation of image contrast. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 25:987-989, 1984.

Guyton DL, Allen J, Simons K and Scattergood KD: Remote optical systems for ophthalmic examination. Applied Optics 26:1517, 1987

Miller KM, Simons K, Guyton DL: Television retinoscopy with a slit-aperture retinoscope and a highly sensitive camera. Ophthalmology 94(S): 22, 1987

Simons K: Screening for visual defects in preschoolchildren (letter). British Journal of Ophthalmology 71:322, 1987

Guyton DL, Moss A, Simons, K: Automated measurement of strabismus deviations using a remote haploscope and an infrared television-based eye tracker. Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society 85:320, 1987

Guyton DL, Moss A, Simons, K: Automated measurement of strabismus deviations using a remote haploscope and an infrared television-based eye tracker. American Orthoptic Journal 38:123, 1988

Simons K: Artificial light and early-life exposure in age-related macular degeneration and in cataractogenic phototoxicity (Letter to the Editor). Archives of Ophthalmology 111, 297-298, 1993

Miller JM, Mellinger M, Greivenkamp J, Simons K: Videographic Hirschberg measurement of strabismic deviations Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 34:3220, 1993

Simons K, Arnoldi K, Brown MH: Color dissociation artifacts in double Maddox rod cyclodeviation testing. Ophthalmology 101:1897-1901, 1994

Simons K, Elhatton K: Artifacts in fusion and stereopsis testing based on red/green dichoptic image separation. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus 31:290-297, 1994

Simons K, Elhatton K: Reply (letter). Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus 32:340, 1995

Simons K, Elhatton K, Novak A: Small-target random dot stereogram and suppression testing for preschool vision screening. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus 33:104-113, 1996

Simons K: Major review: Preschool vision screening. Survey of Ophthalmology 41:3-30, 1996

Simons K, Stein L, Sener EC, Vitale S, Guyton DL: Full-time atropine, intermittent atropine, and optical penalization and binocular outcome in treatment of strabismic amblyopia Ophthalmology, 104:2143-2155, 1997

Simons K, Gotzler KC, Vitale S: Penalization versus part-time occlusion and binocular outcome in treatment of strabismic amblyopia Ophthalmology, 104:2156-2160, 1997

Simons K:  Vision screening techniques: A survey, in Vision screening in the preschool child. Proceedings of a Conference held in Bethesda, MD September 10-11, 1998.  Genetic Services Branch, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1999

Simons K:  The natural history of amblyopia untreated owing to lack of compliance. British Journal of Ophthalmology 1999;83;582-586

Hartmann EE, Dobson V, Hainline L, Marsh-Tootle W, Quinn GE, Ruttum MS, Schmidt PP, Simons K, on behalf of the Maternal and Child Health Bureau and National Eye Institute Task Force on Vision Screening in the Preschool Child. Preschool vision screening: Summary of a task force report. Pediatrics 2000;106:1105-1112

Simons K: Discussion of: Donahue SP, Johnson TM, Leonard-Martin TC: Screening for amblyogenic factors using a volunteer lay network: Initial results from a statewide program targeting preliterate children. Ophthalmology 2000;107:1645

Simons K: Photoscreening (editorial). Ophthalmology 2000;107:1619-20

Holmes, JM, Beck RW, Repka MX, Leske DA, Kraker RT, Blair R, Modek PS, Birch EE, Saunders RA, Hertle RW, Quinn GE, Simons K, Miller JM, for the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group: The amblyopia treatment study visual acuity testing protocol Archives of Ophthalmology 2001;119:1345-1353

Simons K: Hyperopia, accommodative dysfunctions and reading. Binocular Vision and Strabismus Quarterly 19:69-70, 2004

Simons K: Major review: Amblyopia characterization, treatment and prophylaxis. Survey of Ophthalmology 50:123-156, 2005

Simons K. Old age and the functional consequences of amblyopia (Editorial). Journal of the American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. 2008 12: 429-30. 

Repka MX, Simons K, Kraker R on behalf of the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Laterality of amblyopia. American Journal of Ophthalmology  (in press)

Books and Book Chapters:

Reinecke RD, Simons K: Phoria and EOM afference: Preliminary support for a new theory. In Lennerstrand G, and Bach-Y-Rita P, (eds), Basic Mechanisms of Ocular Motility and their Clinical Implications, Pergamon Press, New York, 1975.

Reinecke RD, Simons K and Morton G: Stereopsis and orthoptics: Past, present and future. In Moore S, Mein J and Stockbridge L (eds), Orthoptics: Past, Present, Future, Symposia Specialists, Miami, Florida, 1976.

Reinecke RD and Simons K: Extrapolation of visual physiology and pathology findings to design of lighting systems. In Ross DK (ed), Proceedings of the basics for effective management of lighting energy symposium, FEA, Washington, D.C., Oct. 29-30, 1976, Ross & Baruzzini Inc., St. Louis, Missouri, 1976.

Simons K and Reinecke RD: Amblyopia screening and stereopsis. In Transactions of the New Orleans Academy of Ophthalmology, C.V. Mosby, St. Louis, 1978.

Simons K: Visual acuity and the functional definition of blindness, Chapter 51, Vol. 5. In Duane TD, Jaeger AE, Clinical Ophthalmology, Harper & Row, Philadelphia, 1988

Simons K: Stereoscopic neurontropy and the origins of amblyopia and strabismus, in Simons K (ed.) Early Visual Development; Normal and Abnormal New York: Oxford University Press 1993

Simons K (ed.): Early Visual Development; Normal and Abnormal New York: Oxford University Press 1993

Dr. Sheila West on the Link Between Smoking and Eye Disease in Women - 7/23/2014

Dr. Pradeep Ramulu and Colleagues Study Relationship Between Vision Loss and Work Status - 7/18/2014

Wilmer Resident Receives Lindstrom Research Grant - 7/11/2014

Four Wilmer Researchers Receive BrightFocus Foundation Awards - 7/10/2014

Dr. Michael Repka Part of Team Researching Telemedicine and ROP - 6/27/2014

Dr. M. Valeria Canto-Soler and Colleagues Featured on WBAL-TV - 6/24/2014

Dr. M. Valeria Canto-Soler and Colleagues Use Human Stem Cells to Create Light-Sensitive Retina in a Dish - 6/10/2014

Wilmer's Division of Ocular Immunology Announces "Living With Uveitis" Support Group - 6/10/2014

Dr. Neil Bressler to Speak on Diabetic Retinopathy at National Eye Health Summit and Webcast - 6/10/2014

Dr. Donald Zack Receives a Research to Prevent Blindness Nelson Trust Award for Retinitis Pigmentosa - 6/9/2014

Dr. Michael Boland Leads Study on Effectiveness of Automated Telecommunication-Based Reminders on Adherence to Glaucoma Medication Dosing - 6/4/2014

Dr. Christina Prescott Discusses Summer Eye Protection on Fox 45 News - 6/1/2014

Dr. Jonathan Song Discusses Treatment Options for Pediatric Cataracts - 5/23/2014

Johns Hopkins' Jordan Green Discusses His Work at Wilmer's Translational Tissue Engineering Center - 5/21/2014

Longtime Wilmer Employee Lillie Alston Honored by Hopkins - 5/19/2014

Dr. Richard Semba: Diets Rich in Antioxidant Resveratrol Fail to Reduce Deaths, Heart Disease or Cancer - 5/12/2014

Dr. Neil Miller Explains Eye Twitching in The Wall Street Journal - 5/12/2014

Dr. Hendrik Scholl Receives ARVO Award - 5/7/2014

 

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