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What is menopause?
Menopause is the normal ending of menstruation that occurs in all women. The average age of menopause in the United States is close to 53 years old. However, this age is different for each woman and can occur between 40 and 60 years old. Menopause is defined as the loss of menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months.
When will I go through menopause?
Many factors affect when you might experience the beginnings of menopause, known as peri-menopause, including:
- Family history
- Surgical removal of ovaries
- Medically-induced menopause (such as chemotherapy for cancer)
What are the symptoms of menopause?
Symptoms are different for every woman, but will probably include any or a combination of the following:
- Hot flashes
- Changes in libido
- Vaginal dryness
- Mood swings
How will you treat my symptoms?
Your healthcare practitioner will carefully discuss and evaluate your menopause symptoms. Treatments are available for these symptoms, but they are not for everyone.
Treatment may include:
- Hormone therapy
- Lower dose oral contraceptive pills
- Lifestyle changes
- Phytoestrogens (plant-based estrogen-like hormones)
- Non-hormonal prescription medications
You can learn more about menopause, by visiting The Johns Hopkins Menopause Service.