Critical Care Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Program (CCPM&R)
This clinical program is designed to optimize intensive care unit patients' access to care and services that will improve their recovery process, including management of sedation, evaluation and management of delirium, improvement of sleep, and intensive and early rehabilitation therapy in the ICU settings.
Features include: early mobilization, cycling (cycle ergometer), Wii therapy, biomedical devices to assist with rehabilitation
Financial Model for Implementing an ICU Early Physical Rehabilitation Program
- ICUs with early physical rehabilitation programs have demonstrated decreases in length of stay, but formal financial analyses are often needed to justify the financial investment in these programs. This article and the associated Excel model can assist in conducting such financial analyses customized to a hospital’s unique situation.
- Model (Excel 2007 or later) / User Guide
QUALITY IMPROVEMENT (QI) PROJECTS
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Overall goal: To determine if intensive rehabilitation therapy for acute respiratory failure patients in the Johns Hopkins Medical ICU is feasible and associated with potential for improved short-term outcomes.
Outcome: This QI project demonstrated the feasibility of physical rehabilitation in mechanically ventilated MICU patients. Patients who otherwise would have been deeply sedated were awake and mobilized in the MICU while receiving mechanical ventilation (see photo at right). Comparison of MICU data from the QI project with the same 4 period in prior years demonstrates a substantial decrease in ICU length of stay.
Links: News articles and videos
Sedation and Delirium
Changes in monitoring and management of sedation and delirium in the ICU aim to reduce the incidence and duration of delirium and allow patients' active participation in rehabilitation therapy. Sedation and delirium status are measured at least twice daily using the RASS sedation scale and CAM-ICU delirium screening tool. Participants actively work to identify and address the modifiable risk factors for delirium in the ICU.
Sleep in the Intensive Care Unit
Intensive care unit (ICU)-associated sleep disturbances may have a negative effect on patient outcomes. Many interventions may help improve sleep in the ICU and associated patient outcomes. This QI project aims to make improvements in patients' sleep and related cognitive outcomes.
Status: Currently ongoing