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Areas of Study

Behavioral Interventions

JHARC focuses on the adaptation and evaluation of behavioral interventions to promote adherence and preventive health behaviors, including:

  • Motivational Interviewing;
  • Problem-solving.

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Health Disparities

JHARC has a long-standing partnership with Baltimore City Head Start to design and implement community based interventions to address health disparities. Family and community research activities include:

  • Health surveillance and screening of preventive health and risk behaviors;
  • Head Start staff training and education programs;
  • Home-based psycho-educational interventions designed for low-income populations;
  • Understanding multi-level influences on self-management and health outcomes.

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Health Information Technology

Historically, JHARC has been on the forefront of adopting technologies to measure and promote adherence. We are currently involved in:

  • Evaluating the use of mHealth technologies;
  • Using technology to enhance the reach of evidence-based interventions.

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Measurement

JHARC is committed to the development and evaluation of state-of-the-art measurement strategies and tools related to adherence and outcomes, including:

  • Illness-specific health beliefs and behaviors;
  • Standardization of the use of pharmacy records as a measure of adherence;
  • Development of quality control procedures for electronic monitors.

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Patient-Provider Communication

JHARC emphasizes the central role of patient-provider communication in health management, including:

  • Triadic (adolescent-parent-provider) communication in pediatric chronic conditions;
  • Socio-cultural influences on healthcare interactions;
  • Interventions to improve patient-provider communication.

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Provider Behavior and Quality of Care

JHARC investigates the critical role of provider behavior in optimizing patient safety and quality of care. Partnering with the Armstrong Institute of Patient Safety and Quality, JHARC is leading the field by:

  • Examining associations between safety culture and provider behavior;
  • Understanding provider perceptions of safety culture;
  • Developing frameworks of provider safety behavior to guide clinical investigation and practice.

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Psychosocial Issues in Adherence

JHARC prioritizes the study of psychological, social, and behavioral processes that impact adherence and health. Our research interests span the following topics:

  • The impact of emotional functioning;
  • The role of cultural experiences;
  • The influence of family structure and shared experiences;
  • Community and neighborhood factors.

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