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Although I am retired, I still maintain my professional interests in behavioral medicine and behavioral physiology. My interest in the former is primarily concerned with the application of operant conditioning to the treatment of urinary or fecal incontinence; and the application of operant conditioning to the treatment of a variety of cardiovascular disorders. My interests in the latter are: 1) in the establishment of the principle that autonomically-mediated responses can be learned; and 2) an understanding of the mechanisms mediating diurnal variations in the circulation.
Engel BT, Nikoomanesh P, Schuster MM. Operant conditioning of rectosphincteric reflexes in the treatment of fecal incontinence. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 290:646-649,1974.
Burgio KL, Whitehead WE, Engel BT. Behavioral treatment of urinary incontinence in the elderly: Bladder-sphincter biofeedback and toileting skills training. ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 104:507-515,1985.
Engel BT. An essay on the circulation as behavior. THE BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES. 9:285-318,1986.
Talan MI, Engel BT, Kawate R. Overnight increases in hematocrit: Additional evidence for a nocturnal fall in plasma volume. ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, 144:473-476,1992.
Engel BT.: Visceral Learning In HANDBOOK OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, A. Baum, T.A. Revenson and J. Singer (Eds), Erlbaum Assoc, Mahwah, NJ, 2001, pp 85-94.