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John Krakauer, MD

John Walter Krakauer, MD
Director, the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair
Professor of Neurology

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Main Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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  • Director, the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Professor of Neuroscience


Neurology, Stroke

Research Interests

Dr. Krakauer's research focus is in the general area of experimental and computational motor control with a particular focus on how motor learning occurs in the brain, and how such learning is affected by lesions.


Dr. John Krakauer is a Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, and Director of the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair at Johns Hopkins.

Dr. Krakauer's clinical interest is stroke, including ischemic cerebrovascular disease, subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformation, cerebral vasculitis, cerebral aneurysm, and venous and sinus thrombosis.

He received his bachelor's and master's degree from Cambridge University, and his medical degree from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons where he was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society. After completing an internship in Internal Medicine at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, he returned to Columbia University for his residency in Neurology at the Neurological Institute of New York. He subsequently completed a research fellowship in motor control in the Center of Neurobiology and Behavior at Columbia and a clinical fellowship in stroke at the Neurological Institute at Columbia University Medical Center.

Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surg (New York NY ) (1992)


    • New York Presbyterian Hospital / Neurology (New York NY ) (1996)


    • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (New York NY ) (1998)
    • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons / Neuroscience (New York NY ) (1997)


    • General, American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology - Neurology (2013)
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    Areas of research interest:

    1. Experimental and computational studies of  motor control and motor learning in humans
    2. Tracking long-term motor skill learning and its relation to higher cognitive processes such as decision making.
    3. Prediction of motor recovery after stroke
    4. Mechanisms of spontaneous motor recovery after stroke in humans and in mouse models
    5. New neuro-rehabilitation approaches for patients in the first 3 months after stroke.


    The work of the Brain, Learning, Animation and Movement Laboratory can be broken down into four main areas.

    1. Tracking recovery after stroke using functional and structural imaging, non-invasive brain stimulation, psychophysics and clinical scales.
    2. A mouse model of stroke to examine the interaction between spontaneous biological recovery, training protocols, and drugs such as SSRIs.
    3. The development of interventions early after stroke that combine immersive gaming environments with 3D exoskeletal robotics and non-invasive brain stimulation.
    4. Tracking recovery of multi-tasking using video-games in patients who recover and return home after TBI-induced coma. 
  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +
  • Videos & Media +


    I Am Dolphin

    A multidisciplinary team at the Johns Hopkins University has used the principles of neuroscience to hijack our sense of what is and isnt real. The result is a deceptively simple yet uniquely immersive video game, I Am Dolphin, slated for release on iTunes this month. John Krakauer, Promit Roy, Omar Ahmad and Kat McNally of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicines Department of Neurology and startup Max And Haley LLC describe their creation.

    Recent News Articles & Media Coverage

    A Simulated Dolphin to Guide Stroke Recovery, Doorways to Discovery (November 2014)

    Hopkins' new video game may pave way for stroke therapy, Baltimore Sun (10/15/2014)

    “I Am Dolphin”: where dolphins, gaming and neuroscience meet, Washington Post (10/10/2014)

    I Am Dolphin proves your mother wrong, Technology Tell (10/05/2014)

    John Krakauer's Stroke of Genius, National Geographic (09/30/2014)

    Could a video game be the key to stroke recovery?  National Geographic (9/30/2014)

    Becoming the Dolphin, Health Canal (08/10/2014)

    I Am Dolphin Physics Game May Help Stroke Victims, The Escapist (08/08/2014)

    Virtual Dolphin on a Mission: Can a cyber-dolphin influence neuroscience, game design, and wildlife conservation? National Geographic (06/15/2014)

    Research On Video Games And Mental Health, NPR's Diane Rehm Show (11/27/2013)

  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +


    The Johns Hopkins Hospital
    600 N. Wolfe Street
    Sheikh Zayed Tower
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-955-9441
    Location Map
    Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center
    601 N. Caroline Street
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-955-9441
    Location Map


    • Neurology - Cerebrovascular

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