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John Krakauer, M.A., M.D.

John Walter Krakauer, M.A., M.D.
Director, the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair
Professor of Neurology

Male  | Languages: English, Portuguese, Spanish

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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  • Director, the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Professor of Neuroscience



The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-614-1522

600 N. Wolfe Street
Sheikh Zayed Tower
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-9441

Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center

601 N. Caroline Street
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-9441


Neurology, Stroke


Dr. John Krakauer is a Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, and Director of the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair at Johns Hopkins.

Dr. Krakauer's clinical interest is stroke, including ischemic cerebrovascular disease, subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformation, cerebral vasculitis, cerebral aneurysm, and venous and sinus thrombosis.

He received his bachelor's and master's degree from Cambridge University, and his medical degree from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons where he was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society. After completing an internship in Internal Medicine at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, he returned to Columbia University for his residency in Neurology at the Neurological Institute of New York. He subsequently completed a research fellowship in motor control in the Center of Neurobiology and Behavior at Columbia and a clinical fellowship in stroke at the Neurological Institute at Columbia University Medical Center. more

Featured Video

I Am Dolphin

A multidisciplinary team at the Johns Hopkins University has used the principles of neuroscience to hijack our sense of what is and isnt real. The result is a deceptively simple yet uniquely immersive video game, I Am Dolphin, slated for release on iTunes this month. John Krakauer, Promit Roy, Omar Ahmad and Kat McNally of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicines Department of Neurology and startup Max And Haley LLC describe their creation.

    Additional Information

  • Education +


    • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surg / MD (1992)


    • New York Presbyterian Hospital / Neurology (1996)


    • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons / Neuroscience (1997)
    • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (1998)


    • American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology / Neurology-General (1998, 2012)
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    Dr. Krakauer's research focus is in the general area of experimental and computational motor control with a particular focus on how motor learning occurs in the brain, and how such learning is affected by lesions.

    Additional areas of research interest:

    1. Tracking long-term motor skill learning and its relation to higher cognitive processes such as decision making.
    2. Prediction of motor recovery after stroke
    3. Mechanisms of spontaneous motor recovery after stroke in humans and in mouse models
    4. New neuro-rehabilitation approaches for patients in the first 3 months after stroke.


    The work of the Brain, Learning, Animation and Movement Laboratory can be broken down into four main areas.

    1. Tracking recovery after stroke using functional and structural imaging, non-invasive brain stimulation, psychophysics and clinical scales.
    2. A mouse model of stroke to examine the interaction between spontaneous biological recovery, training protocols, and drugs such as SSRIs.
    3. The development of interventions early after stroke that combine immersive gaming environments with 3D exoskeletal robotics and non-invasive brain stimulation.
    4. Tracking recovery of multi-tasking using video-games in patients who recover and return home after TBI-induced coma.
  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +
  • Videos & Media +

    Recent News Articles & Media Coverage

    Helping Hand: Robots, video games, and a radical new approach to treating stroke patients. New Yorker (11/23/15)

    Watch: How stroke patients can rewire their brains, STAT (11/13/2015)

    A Simulated Dolphin to Guide Stroke Recovery, Doorways to Discovery (November 2014)

    Hopkins' new video game may pave way for stroke therapy, Baltimore Sun (10/15/2014)

    “I Am Dolphin”: where dolphins, gaming and neuroscience meet, Washington Post (10/10/2014)

    I Am Dolphin proves your mother wrong, Technology Tell (10/05/2014)

    John Krakauer's Stroke of Genius, National Geographic (09/30/2014)

    Could a video game be the key to stroke recovery? National Geographic (9/30/2014)

    Becoming the Dolphin, Health Canal (08/10/2014)

    I Am Dolphin Physics Game May Help Stroke Victims, The Escapist (08/08/2014)

    Virtual Dolphin on a Mission: Can a cyber-dolphin influence neuroscience, game design, and wildlife conservation? National Geographic (06/15/2014)

    Research On Video Games And Mental Health, NPR's Diane Rehm Show (11/27/2013)

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