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Anand Raj Kumar, MD

Director, Center for Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery
Associate Professor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

See Research on Pubmed | See Research on Google Scholar

Appointment Phone


Main Location

Johns Hopkins Pediatric Specialty Clinic

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Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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Call +1-410-502-7683 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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  • Director, Center for Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery
  • Associate Professor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Centers & Institutes

  • Children's Center
  • Cleft and Craniofacial Center
  • Cleft Lip and Palate Center
  • Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery, Center for
  • Pediatric Sleep Center


Apert/Crouzon Syndrome, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Craniofacial Injuries, Craniofacial Reconstruction, Craniofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction, Cranioplasty, Craniosynostosis, Distraction Osteogenesis, Facial Plastic Surgery, Facial Reconstruction, Facial Skeletal Dysmorphism, Facial Trauma Reconstructive Surgery, Malocclusion, Neonatal Distraction, Orthognathic Surgery, Pediatric Craniofacial Disorders, Pediatric Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pediatric Sleep Apnea, Pediatric Trauma, Pierre Robin Syndrome, Plastic Surgery, Reconstructive Jaw Surgery, Sleep Apnea

Research Interests

Bone and muscle regeneration using muscle derived stem/progenitor cells; Cranial bone regeneration in adults and children using regenerative therapies; Heterotopic ossification in combat-related injuries; Muscle-dervied ossification conditions in adults and children; Evaluating cranial bone regeneration in adults and children

Technology Expertise

RNA-seq, rtPCR


Dr. Anand Kumar is an associate professor of plastic and reconstructive surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. A pediatric plastic and craniofacial surgeon and basic science researcher, he conducts investigation into the cellular biology of muscle-derived progenitor cells as a source of pathologic heterotopic ossification and for novel regenerative medicine applications.

His clinical practice focuses on craniofacial surgery including craniosynostosis (Apert/Crouzon Syndrome), correction of hypertelorism (wide eyes), pediatric and adolescent facial skeletal deformities (Pierre Robin Sequence) with airway obstruction using traditional orthognathic (jaw) surgery and distraction osteogenesis.

Dr. Kumar leads the craniobiology research team with a keen interest in muscle derived progenitor cell biology. Using in vitro, organotypic and in vivo murine bone defect models, his team studies cell migration, cell survival and fate tracking and osteogenic differentiation using fluorescent protein expressing cells, confocal cell imaging technology, and hypothesis neutral RNA-seq studies. The craniobiology research team is poised to unlock the osteogenic potential of these unique cells to heal critical bone defects of the craniofacial skeleton. His team's novel study has been recognized and supported by the Plastic Surgery Research Foundation, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Military & Veterans Institute.

As an honor student in the biological sciences at the University of California, Irvine, Dr. Kumar received his medical degree from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He completed his general surgery residency at the Mayo Clinic Rochester and later completed a second residency in plastic and reconstructive surgery at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He subsequently completed a pediatric plastic/craniofacial surgery fellowship after his residency at UCLA.

In 2004, prior to his academic appointment, Dr. Kumar volunteered for military service and joined the United States Navy until 2010. In Bethesda, Maryland, he served as director and staff pediatric plastic surgeon of the Military Craniofacial Unit at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. He served as division chief in plastic and reconstructive surgery at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda and on board the United States Naval Support Hospital Ship Comfort. In 2010, Dr. Kumar was recruited to the University of Pittsburgh as the director of facial skeletal surgery until 2013 when he was recruited to Johns Hopkins to lead the Center for Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery.


  • English


  • American College of Surgeons (FACS)
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (FAAP)
  • American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons (ASMS)
  • American Society of Craniofacial Surgery (ASCFS)
  • American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association (ACPA)
  • Alpha Omega Alpha, Honor Medical Society
  • Priestly Surgical Society, Mayo Clinic Surgery
  • American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS)                                                          
  • American Association of Pediatric Plastic Surgeons (AAPPS)
  • Pediatric Trauma Society (PTS)
  • Plastic Surgery Research Council (PSRC)
  • Northeast Society of Plastic Surgeons
Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • Yeshiva University Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Bronx NY ) (1997)


    • UCLA Medical Center David Geffen School of Medicine / Plastic Surgery (Los Angeles CA ) (2004)
    • Mayo Clinic Medical School College of Medicine / Surgery (Rochester MN ) (2002)


    • UCLA Medical Center David Geffen School of Medicine / Craniofacial Surgery (Los Angeles CA ) (2008)


    • General Surgery, American Board of Surgery (2013)
    • Plastic Surgery, American Board of Surgery (2005)
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    The focus of Dr. Kumar’s research includes evaluating cranial bone regeneration in both adult and pediatric patients and muscle-derived ossification conditions in children and adults. In addition, grants from the Plastic Surgery Research Foundation and the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons have allowed him to study heterotopic ossification in combat-related injuries and the use of harvested cells to regenerate muscle or bone in patients.

    Selected Publications View all on PubMed

    1. Jarrahy, Reza; Vo, Victoria; Goenjian, Haig A.; Tabit, Christina J.; Katchikian, Hurig V.; Kumar, Anand; Meals, Clifton; Bradley, James P. Diagnostic Accuracy of Maxillofacial Trauma Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Scans: Comparison of Oral Surgeons, head and neck surgeons, plastic surgeons, and neuroradiologists.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 2011 Jun;127(6):2432-40.
    2. Anand R. Kumar, MD, James P. Bradley MD, Randy Bell, MD, Fred Stephens, MD, Stephen Rouse, MD, Raymond Harshbarger, MD, Rocco Armonda, MD. “Warfare-Related Craniectomy Defect Reconstruction: Early Success Using Custom Alloplast Implants.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. March 2011; Volume 127(3): 1279-1287.
    3. Anand R Kumar MD. “Treatment of Earthquake-Related Craniofacial Injuries Aboard the USNS Comfort During Operation Unified Response.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. December 2010; Volume 126(6): 2102-2108.
    4. Kumar, Anand MD; Head, Christian S. MD; Katchikian, Hurig BS; Bradley, James P.MD. “Amelioration of Acquired Nasopharyngeal Stenosis, with Bilateral Z-Pharyngoplasty.” Annals of Plastic Surgery. June 2010; Volume 64(6):747-750.
    5. Anand Kumar, MD, Leon E Moores,MD, Rocco A Armonda, MD. “Cranioplasty Complications Following Wartime Decompressive Craniectomy.” Neurosurgical FOCUS. May 2010; Volume 28 (5): e3.
    6. Kumar AR. “Simultaneous Pedicled Flaps for Coverage of Complex Blast Injuries to the Forearm and Hand (with Supplemental External Fixation to the Iliac Crest for Immobilization.” Journal of Hand Surgery European Volume. January 2010; Volume 35(1): 9-15.
    7. Kumar AR, Correa B, Desrosiers AE, Bradley JP.James P. “Correction of Secondary Cleft Lip Deformity: The Whistle Flap Procedure.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. November 2009; Volume 124(5): 1587-1589.
    8. Anand R. Kumar MD, Navanjun S. Grewal, MD, Thomas L. Chung MD, James P. Bradley, MD. “Lessons from the Modern Battlefield: Successful Upper Extremity Injury Reconstruction in the Subacute Period.” The Journal of Trauma. October 2009; Volume 67(4): 752-757.
    9. Anand Kumar, MD, Eric Helling, MD, Dax Guenther, MD, Tom Crabtree, MD, Andrew Wexler, MD, and James P. Bradley, MD. “Correction of Frontoethmoidal Encephaloceles: HULA Repair.” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. February 2009;Volume 123 No. 2: 661-669.
    10. Anand R. Kumar, MD, Navanjun S. Grewal, MD, Thomas L. Chung MD, James P. Bradley MD. “Lessons from Operation Iraqi Freedom: Successful Subacute Reconstruction of Complex Lower Extremity Battle Injuries.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Volume 123: 218-229, No.1 January 2009.
    11. Kumar AR, Rabin N, O’Hara C, Sisodia M, Kawamoto H, Wilson L, Gari J, Bradley J. “Improved Outcomes in Cleft Patients with Severe Maxillary Deficiency after Le Fort I Internal Distraction.” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. April 2006; Volume 117, Issue 5: 1499-1509.


    Dr. Kumar leads the Craniofacial Bone Biology Laboratory at the Ross Research Building of The Johns Hopkins Univerisity. Our team is dedicated to the development of novel treatment of pathologic heterotopic bone formation and harnessing its osteogenic potential for structural bone regeneration in critical sized cranial defect models. We study muscle derived progenitor cell in both human, murine and rabbit in vitro models and in vivo murine and rabbit models. The role of bone morphogenetic proteins, inflammatory cytokines, and mechanical-transduction forces are central to our investigative methods.


    CORE Facilities

    Survival - Ross

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +


    • Humanitarian Service Medal Joint Task Force Haiti Earthquake Relief Mission
    • Meritorious Service Medal in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom
    • Navy/Marine Corp Achievement Medal 
    • Navy/Marine Corp Commendation Medal
    • Surface Warfare Qualification (SWMDO)                 
    • Armed Forces Service Medal                  
    • Meritorious Service Medal
    • Navy Unit Commendation
    • National Defense Service Medal
    • Global War on Terrorism Service Medal     
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation
    • Alpha Omega Alpha                 
  • Videos & Media +


    Meet Our Expert: Dr. Anand Kumar

    Dr. Anand Kumar is craniofacial surgeon who specializes in the treatment of pediatric craniofacial conditions, including craniosynostosis, Apert/Crouzon Syndrome, Pierre Robin syndrome, and cleft lip and palate.

    Recent News Articles & Media Coverage

    Top Docs 2014: Challenging Case Files,”Baltimore Magazine, November 1, 2014

  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +


    Johns Hopkins Pediatric Specialty Clinic
    200 N. Wolfe Street
    David M. Rubenstein Child Health Building
    Center for Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-955-9475
    Appointment Phone: 443-997-9466
    Fax: 410-955-7060
    Location Map
    Johns Hopkins Community Physicians - Green Spring Station
    2360 W. Joppa Road
    Faculty Pavilion 1
    4th Floor Specialty Clinic
    Lutherville, MD 21093
    Phone: 410-955-9475
    Appointment Phone: 443-997-9466
    Fax: 410-955-7060
    Location Map


    • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

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