Apert/Crouzon Syndrome, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Craniofacial Injuries, Craniofacial Reconstruction, Craniofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction, Cranioplasty, Craniosynostosis, Distraction Osteogenesis, Facial Plastic Surgery, Facial Reconstruction, Facial Skeletal Dysmorphism, Facial Trauma Reconstructive Surgery, Malocclusion, Neonatal Distraction, Orthognathic Surgery, Pediatric Craniofacial Disorders, Pediatric Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pediatric Sleep Apnea, Pediatric Trauma, Pierre Robin Syndrome, Plastic Surgery, Reconstructive Jaw Surgery, Sleep Apnea
Bone and muscle regeneration using muscle derived stem/progenitor cells; Cranial bone regeneration in adults and children using regenerative therapies; Heterotopic ossification in combat-related injuries; Muscle-dervied ossification conditions in adults and children; Evaluating cranial bone regeneration in adults and children
Dr. Anand Kumar is an associate professor of plastic and reconstructive surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. A pediatric plastic and craniofacial surgeon and basic science researcher, he conducts investigation into the cellular biology of muscle-derived progenitor cells as a source of pathologic heterotopic ossification and for novel regenerative medicine applications.
His clinical practice focuses on craniofacial surgery including craniosynostosis (Apert/Crouzon Syndrome), correction of hypertelorism (wide eyes), pediatric and adolescent facial skeletal deformities (Pierre Robin Sequence) with airway obstruction using traditional orthognathic (jaw) surgery and distraction osteogenesis.
Dr. Kumar leads the craniobiology research team with a keen interest in muscle derived progenitor cell biology. Using in vitro, organotypic and in vivo murine bone defect models, his team studies cell migration, cell survival and fate tracking and osteogenic differentiation using fluorescent protein expressing cells, confocal cell imaging technology, and hypothesis neutral RNA-seq studies. The craniobiology research team is poised to unlock the osteogenic potential of these unique cells to heal critical bone defects of the craniofacial skeleton. His team's novel study has been recognized and supported by the Plastic Surgery Research Foundation, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Military & Veterans Institute.
As an honor student in the biological sciences at the University of California, Irvine, Dr. Kumar received his medical degree from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He completed his general surgery residency at the Mayo Clinic Rochester and later completed a second residency in plastic and reconstructive surgery at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He subsequently completed a pediatric plastic/craniofacial surgery fellowship after his residency at UCLA.
In 2004, prior to his academic appointment, Dr. Kumar volunteered for military service and joined the United States Navy until 2010. In Bethesda, Maryland, he served as director and staff pediatric plastic surgeon of the Military Craniofacial Unit at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. He served as division chief in plastic and reconstructive surgery at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda and on board the United States Naval Support Hospital Ship Comfort. In 2010, Dr. Kumar was recruited to the University of Pittsburgh as the director of facial skeletal surgery until 2013 when he was recruited to Johns Hopkins to lead the Center for Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery.