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Ardavan Akhavan, M.D.

Ardavan Akhavan, M.D.
Director Pediatric Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery
Assistant Professor of Urology

Male  | Languages: English, Farsi

Appointment Phone

410-955-6108

Main Location

Johns Hopkins Pediatric Specialty Clinic

Out-of-State & International Patients +
Out of State Patients

Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

Learn more about our out-of-state patient services »

International Patients

Call +1-410-502-7683 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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Titles

  • Director Pediatric Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery
  • Assistant Professor of Urology

Centers & Institutes

Departments

Locations

Johns Hopkins Pediatric Specialty Clinic

Appointment Phone: 410-955-6108

200 N. Wolfe Street
Rubenstein Child Health
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-3693
Fax: 410-614-8096

Johns Hopkins Children's Center

Appointment Phone: 410-955-6108

600 N. Wolfe Street
Charlotte R. Bloomberg Childrens Center
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-3693
Fax: 410-614-8096

Johns Hopkins Community Physicians - White Marsh

Appointment Phone: 410-955-6108

4924 Campbell Boulevard
Baltimore, MD 21236 map
Phone: 410-955-3693
Fax: 410-614-8096

Johns Hopkins Medicine - GBMC

Appointment Phone: 410-955-6108

6701 N. Charles Street
Physicians Pavilion East
Towson, MD 21204 map
Phone: 410-955-3693
Fax: 410-614-8096

Johns Hopkins Community Physicians - Frederick

Appointment Phone: 410-955-6108

45 Thomas Johnson Drive
Frederick, MD 21702 map
Phone: 410-955-3693
Fax: 410-614-8096

Expertise

Bladder Stones, Hydronephrosis, Hypospadias, Kidney Stones, Laparoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Laparoscopic Kidney Surgery, Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction, Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction, Major Urologic Birth Defects, Minimally Invasive Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Urology, Robotic and Laparoscopic Surgery, Robotic Surgery, Robotics, Ureteral Pelvic Junction Obstruction, Urologic Laparoscopy, Urology, Varicocele, Vesicoureteral Reflux

Research Interests

Robotic Surgery

Biography

Dr. Akhavan is an Assistant Professor of Pediatric Urology and Director of Pediatric Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institute. While Dr. Akhavan treats children with all urological disorders, he specializes in robotic, laparoscopic, and endoscopic surgery of the kidney, ureter, bladder, gonads and genitals. As an expert in minimally invasive surgical techniques, including robotic pyeloplasty, robotic ureteral reimplantation, and endoscopic stone surgery, Dr. Akhavan strives to minimize patient discomfort, reduce recovery time, and optimize patient outcomes.

Academically, Dr. Akhavan has published over 60 scientific articles, textbook chapters, and abstracts, and has lectured throughout the country on pediatric urology and minimally invasive surgery. Dr. Akhavan is a member of the Computational Interaction and Robotics Laboratory in the Department of Computer Sciences at Johns Hopkins University, where his research focuses on defining robotic surgical proficiency, and optimizing patient safety by improving the quality of surgical training.

A native of New York, Dr. Akhavan graduated from Columbia University magna cum laude and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Following General Surgery and Urology training at the Mount Sinai Medical Center, Dr. Akhavan completed a Pediatric Urology fellowship at the Seattle Children''s Hospital, where he was also an Instructor in Urology.

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Featured Video

Dr. Ardavan Akhavan, Pediatric Urology

    Additional Information

  • Education +

    Degrees

    • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine / MD; Medicine (2007)

    Residencies

    • Mount Sinai Medical Center / Urology (2012)

    Fellowships

    • Seattle Children's Hospital / Pediatric Urology (2014)

    Certifications

    • American Board of Urology / Urology
  • Research & Publications +

    Selected Publications

    Peer-reviewed Original Science Research

    Akhavan, A. McHugh K, Guruli G, Bies R, Zamboni W, Strychor S, Nelson JB, Pflug BR. Combination Atrasentan-Taxane Therapy for Treatment of Prostate Cancer In Vitro and In Vivo. Neoplasia. 2006; 8(9): 725-732.

    Akhavan, A. Keith, J.D. Bastacky, S.I. Cai, C. Wang, Y. Nelson, J.B. The Extent of High Grade Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia on Initial Extended-Pattern Needle Biopsy is Significantly Associated with Prostate Cancer on Repeat Biopsy.British Journal of Urology, International. 2007; 99(4):765-769.

    Godara G. Pecher S. Jukic D.M. D’Antonio J.M. Akhavan A. Nelson J. Pflug B.R. Distinct Patterns of Endothelin Axis Expression in Primary Prostate Cancer. Urology. 2007; 70(1): 209-215.

    Akhavan, A. Jackman, S.V. Costa, G. Davies, B. Wu, T. Bond, G. Abu-Elmagd, K. Urogenital Disorders Associated With Gut Failure and Intestinal Transplantation. Journal of Urology. 2007; 178: 2067-2072.

    Akhavan, A. Baker, K. Cannon, G.M. Davies, B. Horton III, J.A. Docimo, S.G. Pilot Evaluation of Functional Questionnaire for Predicting Ability of Tetraplegic Patients to Self-Catheterize Following Continent Diversion. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2007; 30 (5): 491-496.

    Wegiel, B. Baty, C.J. Gallo, D. Csizmadia, E. Scott, J.R. Akhavan, A. Chin, B.Y. Kaczmarek, E. Alam, J. Bach, F.H. Zuckerbraun, B.S. Otterbein, L.E. Cell Surface Biliverdin Reductase Mediates Bilverdin-Induced Anti-Inflammatory Effects via PI3K and AKT. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2009; 284: 21369-21378.

    Fafalios, A. Akhavan, A. Parwani, A.V. Bies, R.R. McHugh, K.J. Pflug, B.R. Translocator Protein Blockade Reduces Prostate Tumor Growth. Clinical Cancer Research. 2009; 15(19) 6177-84.

    Akhavan, A. Levinson, A.W. Muntner, P. Nabizada-Pace, F. Samadi D.B. Risk Stratification and Early Oncologic Outcomes Following Robotic Prostatectomy. Journal of the Society of Laparoscopic Surgeons. 2009; 13(4): 515-521.

    Akhavan, A. Gainsburg, D. Stock, J.A. Complications Associated with Patient Positioning in Urological Surgery. Urology. 2010; 76(6): 1309 – 1316.

    Akhavan, A. Stock, J.A. Surveillance and Late Complications Following Pediatric Reconstructive Urological Surgery. Medical Clinics of North America. 2011; 95(1): 15 – 25.

    Shindel, A. Akhavan, A. Sharlip, I. Urological Aspects of HIV Infection. Medical Clinics of North America. 2011; 95(1): 129 – 151.

    Akhavan, A. Brajtbord, J.S. McCleod, D.J. Kabaritti, A.E. Rosenberg, H.K. Stock, J.A. Simple, Age-Based Formula for Predicting Renal Length in Children. Urology. 2011; 78(2): 405-10.

    Shariat, S.F. Sherr, D.S. Gupta, A. Bianco, F.J. Karakiewicz, P.I. Zeltser, I.S. Samadi, D.B. Akhavan, A. Emerging Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer Diagnosis, Staging, and Prognosis. Archivos Espanoles de Urologia. 2011; 64(8): 681 – 694.

    Olsson, C.A. Lavery, H.J. Sebrow, D. Akhavan, A. Levinson, A.W. Brajtbord, J.S. Carlucci, J. Muntner, P. Samadi, D.B. Does Size Matter? The Significance of Prostate Size on Pathological Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Robotic Prostatectomy. Arab Journal of Urology. 2011; 9 (3) 159-164.

    Moskovic, D.J. Katz, D.J. Akhavan, A. Park, K. Mulhall, J.P. Clomiphene Citrate is Safe and Effective for Long-Term Management of Hypogonadism. British Journal of Urology, International. 2012; 110 (10): 1524 - 8.

    Akhavan, A. Merguerian, P.A. Grady, R.W. DiSandro, M. Shnorhavorian, M. Digital Photographic Measurement in Hypospadias: Validation and Comparison to Intraoperative Measurement. Journal of Pediatric Urology. 2013; 10 (2): 312 - 6.

    Akhavan, A. Lendvay, T. Robotic-Assisted Extravesical Ureteral Reimplantation: Predictors of Outcomes Through 78 Ureters. Journal of Pediatric Urology. 2014; In Press.

    Akhavan, A. Shnorhavorian, M. Garrison, L. Merguerian, P.A. Resource Utilization and Costs Associated with the Diagnostic Evaluation on Nonrefluxing, Primary Hydronephrosis in Infants. Journal of Urology. 2014; In Press.

    Coutinho, K. Stensland, K. Akhavan, A. Jayadevan R. Stock, J.A. Pediatrician Noncompliance with the American Academy of Pediatrics Guidelines for the Workup of UTI in Infants. Clinical Pediatrics. 2014; In Press.

    Akhavan, A. Merguerian, P.A. Larison, C. Goldin, A. Shnorhavorian, M. Trends in the Rates of Pediatric Pyeloplasty for Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction Over 19 Years: A PHIS Database Study. Advances in Urology. In Press.

    Case Reports

    Akhavan, A. Cannon, G.M. Sasatomi, E. Franks, M.E. Synchronous Unilateral Renal Cell Carcinoma and Kimura Disease of the Kidney. Urology. 2006; 68(3): 673e21-22.

    Akhavan, A. Yin, M. Benoit, R. Cases of Scrotal Ulcer Following Intraperitoneal Hyperthermic Chemotherapy. Urology. 2007; 69(4): 778.e9-10.

    Samadi, D.B. Chugtai, B. Akhavan, A. Guru, K. Rehman, J.U. Incidental Seminal Vesicle Smooth Muscle Neoplasm of Unknown Malignancy Following Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy. Canadian Journal of Urology. 2008; 15(3): 4109-4111.

    Phalen, A. Akhavan, A. Hall, S.J. Mullerian Remnant Malignancy. Urology. 2012; 79(3): e38-39.

    Gupta, M. Akhavan, A. Hall, M. Palese, M. Negative Pressure Pulmonary Edema After Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy. Journal of the Society of Laparoscopic Surgeons. 2012; 16(4): 647-9.

    Videos

    Akhavan, A. Stock, JA. Insertion of the Urethral Catheter in Men (Video Chapter). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th Edition. Editors: Longo, D. Fauci, A. Kasper, D. Hauser, S. Jameson, J. and Loscalzo, J. 2012.

    Akhavan, A. Stock, JA. Insertion of the Urethral Catheter in Women (Video Chapter). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th Edition. Editors: Longo, D. Fauci, A. Kasper, D. Hauser, S. Jameson, J. and Loscalzo, J. 2012.

    Textbook Chapters

    Akhavan, A. Stock, JA. Complications of Pediatric Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery: Prevention and Management. Pediatric Robotic Urology (Current Clinical Urology Series) Editor: Palmer, J. 2009.

    Patel, S. Akhavan, A. Stock, JA. Pediatric Robotic Nephrectomy for Benign Renal Diseases. Robotic Pediatric and Reconstructive Urology: A Comprehensive Guide. Editor: Gundeti, M.S. 2012.

    Akhavan, A. Merguerian, P. Upper Urinary Tract Trauma. Clinical Pediatric Urology, 6th Edition. Editors: Canning, D. Merguerian, P. In Press. 2012.

    Akhavan, A. Grady, R. Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex. Pediatric Urology: Surgical Complications and Management, 2nd Edition. Editors: Wilcox, DT. Koyle, MA. Godbole, PP. In Press. 2013.

    Abstracts

    Akhavan, A. Otterbein, L. Billiar, T. Zuckerbraun, B. Biliverdin Protects Against Acute TNF-a-Induced Fulminant Hepatitis In Vivo and Hepatocyte Cell Death In Vitro. 2004 Association of Academic Surgery Annual Meeting, Houston, TX. Resident Award Session. Plenary Presentation. Presenter: Akhavan A.

    Keith, J.D. Akhavan, A. McHale, T. Nelson, J.B. Balani, J. Dhir, R. Parwani, A. Monzon, F. Cai, C. Bastacky S. Predictive Value of High-Grade Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia for Prostatic Adenocarcinoma on 12-Core Prostate Needle Biopsy. 2006 United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA. Genitourinary Platform Session. Podium Presentation. Presenter: Akhavan A.

    Keith, J.D. Akhavan, A.* Bastacky, S.I. Cai, C. Wang, Y. Nelson, J.B. Extent of High-Grade Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia on Initial Biopsy is Significantly Associated with Prostate Cancer on Repeat Biopsy. 2006 American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta GA. Presenter: Akhavan A.

    Akhavan, A. Guruli, G. McHugh, K.J. Bies, R. Reddy, S.T. Nelson, J.B. Pflug, B.R. Combination Atrasentan-Taxane Therapy for Treatment of Prostate Cancer in Vitro and in Vivo. 2006 American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta GA. Presenter: Akhavan A.

    Akhavan, A. Abu-Elmagd, K. Davies B. Incidence of Urologic Disorders in Isolated Intestinal and Multivisceral Transplantation Patients. 2006 American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta GA. Presenter: Akhavan A.

    Akhavan, A. Shah, U, Parwani, A. Nelson, JB, Pflug, B. Peripheral Benzodiazepine Receptor Has Antiapoptotic Effects in Prostate Cancer and is Elevated in Primary and Metastatic Prostate Malignancies. 2006 Northeastern Sectional AUA Meeting, Ottowa, CA. Presenter: Akhavan A.

    Fafalios, A. Akhavan, A. Parwani, A. Pflug, B. The Role of Translocator Protein in Prostate Cancer. 2007 American Association of Cancer Research Meeting, Los Angeles, CA. Presenter: Fafalios, A.

    Pflug, BR. Fafalios, AE. Akhavan, A. and Parwani, A. Cholesterol transport protein in therapeutic targeting of advanced prostate cancer. 2007 Society for Basic Urologic Research Annual Meeting. Presenter: Pflug, BR.

    Akhavan, A. Levinson, A. Berkman, D. Rusnack, S. Goluboff, E. Samadi, D. Early Oncologic Outcomes after Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy by D'Amico Risk Stratification. 2008 Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology I.

    Berkman, D. Akhavan, A. Levinson, A. Rusnack, S. Goluboff, E. Samadi D. Interinstitutional Variations in Robotic Prostatectomy Pathologic Outcomes for a Single Surgeon and Team. 2008 Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology I.

    Samadi, D. Akhavan, A. Berkman, D. Rusnack, S. Goluboff, E. Levinson, A. Biochemical Recurrence after Capsular Violation During Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy. 2008 Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology I.

    Fafalios, A. Parwani, A. Akhavan, A. and Pflug, BR. Increased expression of translocator protein in prostate cancer: implications as a therapeutic target for advanced disease. 2008 Society for Basic Urologic Research Annual Meeting. Presenter: Fafalios, A.

    Patel, Z. Akhavan, A. Rusnack SL. Samadi DB. Significance of Pathologic T2 Positive Surgical Margin in Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy. 2008 Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons Annual Meeting. Presenter: Patel, Z.

    Patel, Z. Akhavan, A. Rusnack SL. Samadi DB. Early Oncologic Outcomes After Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy by D’Amico Risk Stratification. 2008 Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons Annual Meeting. Presenter: Patel, Z.

    Akhavan, A. Lavery, H. Nabizada-Pace, F. Carlucci, J. Muntner, P. Zapantis, E. Samadi, DB. Significance of Prostate Size on Pathological Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy. 2009 World Congress of Endourology. Presenter: Lavery, H.

    Akhavan, A. Fafalios, A. Parwani, A. Bies, R. McHugh, K. Pflug, BR. Benzodiazepines Inhibit Cell Proliferation and Increase Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer both in Vivo and in Vitro by blocking Translocator Protein. 2010 American Urological Association Annual Meeting. Presenter: Akhavan, A.

    Katz, D. Akhavan, A. Park, K. Mulhall, J. Sustained Efficacy and Safety with Long-Term Clomiphene Citrate. 2010 American Urological Association Annual Meeting. Presenter: Katz, D.

    Akhavan, A. Brajtbord, J. McLeod, D. Kabarriti, A. Rosenberg, H. Stock, J. Renal Length in Children > 1 Year Estimated By Formula: Length (cm) = Age (years) x 0.3 + 6. 2011 American Urological Association Annual Meeting. Presenter: Akhavan, A.

    Coutinho, K. Kim, S. Dallas, K. Akhavan, A. Stock, J. Persistent Use of Bagged Urine Collection Among Pediatricians for the Workup of UTI in Infants. 2013 Clinical and Scientific Advances in Urinary Tract Infections International Symposium. Presenter: Coutinho, K.

    Akhavan, A. Merguerian, P. Avery, D. Lendvay, T. Predictors of Failure in Robotic Ureteral Reimplantation for Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children. 33rd Congress of the SIU. 2013. Presenter: Merguerian, P.

    Akhavan, A. Merguerian, P. Grady, R. DiSandro, M. Shnorhavorian, M. Photographic Assessment of Hypospadias: Validation of Digital Imaging as a Substitute for Intraoperative Measurements. 33rd Congress of the SIU. 2013. Presenter: Merguerian, P.

    Coutinho, K. Stensland, K. Akhavan, A. Stock, JA. Pediatrician Compliance with the American Academy of Pediatrics Guidelines on Infant UTI. 2013 Pediatric Urology Fall Congress. Presenter: Coutinho, K.

    Akhavan, A. Avery, D. Lendvay, T. Predictors of Failure in Robotic Ureteral Reimplantation for Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children. 2013 Pediatric Urology Fall Congress. Presenter: Akhavan, A.

    Akhavan, A. Merguerian, P. Grady, R. DiSandro, M. Shnorhavorian, M. Photographic Digital Measurements in Hypospadias: Validation of a Reliable Substitute for Intraoperative Measurements. 2013 Pediatric Urology Fall Congress. Presenter: Akhavan, A.

    Coutinho, K. Stensland, K. Kim, S. Akhavan, A. Stock, J. Pediatrician Preferences for Urine Sampliing in the Workup of UTI in Infants. 2014 American Urological Association Annual Meeting. Presenter: Coutinho, K.

    Akhavan, A. Shnorhavorian, M. Garrison, L. Merguerian, P. Resource Utilization and Costs Associated with the Diagnostic Evaluation of Nonrefluxing, Primary Hydronephrosis in Infants. 34th Congress of the SIU. 2014. Presenter: Merguerian, P.

    Akhavan, A. Richards, M. Goldin, A. Gow, A. Merguerian, P. Disparities in Presentation and Outcomes of Children, Adolescents and Young Adults with Renal Cell Carcinoma: An NCDB Database Study. 34th Congress of the SIU. 2014. Presenter: Merguerian, P.

    Akhavan, A. Richards, M. Goldin, A. Gow, K. Merguerian, PA. Presentation and Outcomes of Renal Cell Carcinoma in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults: A National Cancer Database Study. 2014 Pediatric Urology Fall Congress. Presenter: Akhavan, A.

    Willihnganz-Lawson, KH. Akhavan, A. Risley, R. Brannen, C. Merguerian, PA. A Standardized Web-Based Template for Urological Procedures: A Platform for Continuous Process Improvement. 2014 Pediatric Urology Fall Congress. Presenter: Willihnganz-Lawson, KH.

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +

    Honors

    • Dean’s List all semesters, Columbia College, 1998
    • Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship, Columbia University, 2000
    • Golden Key National Honors Society, 2001
    • Teaching Assistant Fellowship, Behavioral Neuroscience, 2001
    • Honors in Psychology, Columbia College; Thesis: Dopamine & Aversive Conditioning, 2002
    • Magna Cum Laude, Columbia College, 2002
    • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Summer Research Fellowship, 2003
    • Resident Research Award for Best Abstract [first author], Association of Academic Surgery Annual Meeting, 2004
    • IVUmed Traveling Resident Scholar, 2013
    • Corkery Endowment Fellowship, Seattle Children’s Hospital, 2013

    Memberships

    • American Urological Association 
    • Endourological Society 
    • Society of Pediatric Urology 
  • Videos & Media +

    Lectures and Presentations

    Urology Grand Rounds: Pediatric Robotic Surgery
    (08/21/2014)

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