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Gyusung Lee, M.S., Ph.D.

Photo of Dr. Gyusung Lee, M.S., Ph.D.

Director, MIS & Robotic Education and Ergonomics Research

Instructor of Surgery

Research Interests: MIS and Robotic Surgery Training and Education, Surgical Ergonomics, Human Factors, Biomechanics, Motor Control and Neuroscience, Perioperative Environment more



  • Director, MIS & Robotic Education and Ergonomics Research
  • Instructor of Surgery

Departments / Divisions



  • B.S., Yonsei University (South Korea) (1993)
  • M.S., Texas A&M University (Texas) (1996)
  • Ph.D., Texas A&M University (Texas) (2002)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Gyusung Lee obtained a Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from Texas A&M University with his dissertation research in the biomechanical mechanism of secondary injury and became a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Department of Kinesiology at Arizona State University. In a series of studies, he investigated the upper extremity control strategies employed by three discrete groups of subjects (young, elderly and Parkinson's patients).

After Dr. Lee's postdoctoral training, he joined the Department of Surgery at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. At the rank of Assistant Professor, he served as Director of Surgical Ergonomics and Human Factors Research Program in the Maryland Advanced Simulation, Training, Research and Innovation (MASTRI) Center. Using biomechanical measurement systems, e.g. motion analysis, force plates, and electromyography (EMG), he identified ergonomic risk factors associated with the performance of laparoscopy and propose solutions for minimizing the ergonomic risks that laparoscopic surgeons encounter. Additionally Dr. Lee studied the characteristic patterns of upper-body movement and postural balance control exhibited by expert MIS surgeons. His work also entailed evaluating the ergonomic efficacy of new technologies used in MIS, and with training components including models, tasks, and stations.

Recently, Dr. Lee joined Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine as a Faculty Instructor in the Department of Surgery and the Director of MIS and Robotic Training and Ergonomics Research in the Minimally Invasive Surgical Training and Innovation Center (MISTIC). He is responsible for new robotic surgery training program for residents, fellows, staffs, and teams at Hopkins and will continue his efforts with the education and ergonomics research program in minimally invasive surgery through collaboration with his research partners.

Selected Publications

View all on Pubmed

Lee G, Sutton E, Yassar Y, Clanton T, Park A (2011) Higher physical workload risks with NOTES versus laparoscopy: a quantitative ergonomic assessment, Surg Endosc. 25(5): 1585-1593.

Zheng B, Reider E, Cassera M, Martinec D, Lee G, Panton ONM, Park A, Swanstrom L (2011)Quantifying mental workloads of surgeons in performing NOTES procedures, Surg Endosc. (Epub ahead of print)

Sublette M, Carswell CM, Seidelman W,Grant R, Han Q, Field M, Lio CH, Lee G, Seales WB, Clarke D (2011) Do operators take advantage of a secondary, global‐perspective display when performing a simulated laparoscopic search task? Proceedings of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society annual conference, (accepted for publication)

Sublette M. Carswell M. Han Q. Grant R. Lio H. Lee G, Field M. Staley D. Seales B. Clarke D (2010) Dual-view displays for minimally invasive surgery: Does the addition of a 3-D global wiew decrease mental workload? Proceedings of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society annual conference, 53(18): 1581-1585.

Lio H, Carswell M, Han Q, Park A, Strup S, Seales B, Clarke D, Lee G, Hoskins J (2009) Using formal qualitative methods to guide early development of an augmented reality display system for surgery, Proceedings of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society annual conference, 53(18): 1181-1185.

Activities & Honors

Professional Activities

  • Postdoctoral Research Associate
    Motor Control
  • Faculty Research Associate, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland
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