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R. Scott Stephens, M.D.
Robert Scott Stephens, M.D.
Director, Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplant Critical Care
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Expertise: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Cardiac Disease in the Critically Ill Patient, Critical Care Medicine, Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine, Pulmonary Diseases, Pulmonary Medicine, Septic Shock ...read more
Research Interests: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Pulmonary Endothelial Barrier Function; Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; Pulmonary Endothelial Antioxidant Regulation; Acute Respiratory Failure; Critical Care Education ...read more
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Dr. R. Scott Stephens is an assistant professor of medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include critical care medicine, with special focus on acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), cardiac disease in critically ill patients, acute respiratory failure after bone marrow transplantation, and cardiac surgical critical care. Dr. Stephens serves as the Director of Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplant Critical Care.
Dr. Stephens earned his M.D from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He completed his residency in internal medicine and performed a fellowship in pulmonary and critical care medicine at Johns Hopkins.
His research interests include acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary endothelial biology, acute respiratory failure, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).
Dr. Stephens leads the Advanced Critical Care Clerkship for fourth-year medical students. He was recognized by the Johns Hopkins Institute for Excellence in Education with an Outstanding Achievement in Education Award (Educational Program) in 2013. He is a member of American Thoracic Society and the American Physiologic Society.
- Director, Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplant Critical Care
- Assistant Professor of Medicine
- Assistant Professor of Oncology
Departments / Divisions
Centers & Institutes
- MD, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (2003)
- Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Medicine (2006)
- Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Pulmonary Medicine (2010)
- American Board of Internal Medicine / Critical Care Medicine (2011)
- American Board of Internal Medicine / Internal Medicine (2006)
- American Board of Internal Medicine / Pulmonary Disease (2010)
Research & Publications
Stephens RS. "Invited commentary." Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Feb;99(2):595-6. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.09.031.
Stephens RS, Servinsky LE, Rentsendorj O, Kolb TM, Pfeifer A, Pearse DB. "Protein kinase G increases antioxidant function in lung microvascular endothelial cells by inhibiting the c-Abl tyrosine kinase." Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2014 Mar 15;306(6):C559-69. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00375.2012. Epub 2014 Jan 8.
Stephens R, Fan E. "Choosing wisely - when to mend a broken heart with ECMO?" Crit Care. 2014 Feb 20;18(1):112. doi: 10.1186/cc13736.
Kim, BS, Serebreni, L, Hamdan, O, Wang, L, Parniani, A, Sussan, T, Stephens, RS, Boyer, L, Damarla, M, Hassoun, PM, and Damico, R. "Xanthine oxidoreductase is a critical mediator of cigarette smoke-induced endothelial cell DNA damage and apoptosis." Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 2013 Jul;60:336-46. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.01.023. Epub 2013 Feb 4.
Stephens RS, Shah AS, Whitman GJ. "Lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome after cardiac surgery." Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Mar;95(3):1122-9. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.10.024. Epub 2013 Jan 23.
Rahimi RA, Skrzat J, Reddy DR, Zanni JM, Fan E, Stephens RS, Needham DM. "Physical rehabilitation of patients in the intensive care unit requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a small case series." Phys Ther. 2013 Feb;93(2):248-55. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20120336. Epub 2012 Oct 25.
Anidi IU, Servinsky LE, Rentsendorj O, Stephens RS, Scott AL, Pearse DB. "CD36 and Fyn kinase mediate malaria-induced lung endothelial barrier dysfunction in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei." PLoS One. 2013 Aug 15;8(8):e71010. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071010. eCollection 2013.
Stephens, RS, Rentsendorj, O, Servinsky, LE, Moldobaeva, A, Damico, R, Pearse DB. "cGMP increases anti-oxidant function and attenuates oxidant cell death in mouse lung microvascular endothelial cells by a protein kinase G-dependent mechanism." Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2010 Sep;299(3):L323-33. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00442.2009. Epub 2010 May 7.
Petrache, I, Diab, K, Knox, KS, Twigg, HL, Stephens, RS, Flores, S, Tuder, RM. "HIV-associated pulmonary emphysemia: a review of the literature and an inquiry into its mechanism." Thorax. 2008 May;63(5):463-9. doi: 10.1136/thx.2007.079111.
Moldobaeva A, Welsh-Servinsky LE, Shimoda LA, Stephens RS, Verin AD, Tuder RM, Pearse DB. "Role of protein kinase G in barrier-protective effects of cGMP in human pulmonary artery endothelial cells." Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2006 May;290(5):L919-30. Epub 2005 Dec 9.
Stephens, R.S., Shah, A.S., and Whitman, G.J.R. Should we prone cardiac surgical patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (reply)? Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2014. 97(3): 1122-3.
Kim, BS, Serebreni, L, Hamdan, O, Wang, L, Parniani, A, Sussan, T, Stephens, RS, Boyer, L, Damarla, M, Hassoun, PM, and Damico, R. Xanthine Oxidoreductase is a Critical Mediator of Cigarette Smoke-Induced Endothelial Cell DNA Damage and Apoptosis. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 2013. 60: 336-46.
Stephens RS, Shah AS, Whitman GJ. Lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome after cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Mar;95(3):1122-9. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.10.024. Epub 2013 Jan 23. Review. PMID: 23352419
Kinnery, P., Pick, J., Stephens, S., Jain, D., Solomides C.S., Niven, R., Segal, R., Christofidou-Solomidou, M. (2006). KL4-Surfactant prevents Hyperoxic and LPS-Induced Lung Injury in Mice. Pediatric Pulmonology. 41(10):916-28.
Stephens, S., Beyer, B., Balthazar-Stablein, U., Duncan, R., Kostacos, M., Lukoma, M, Green, G.R., and Poccia, D. (2002). Two Kinase Activities are Sufficient for Sea Urchin Sperm Chromatin Decondensation in Vitro. Molecular Reproduction and Development.62: 496-503.
Stephens, R.S. and Whitman, G.J.R. (2015). Post-Operative Critical Care of the Adult Cardiac Surgical Patient. Part 1: Routine Post-Operative Care. Critical Care Medicine. 43(7): 1477-97.
Stephens, R.S. and Whitman, G.J.R. Post-Operative Critical Care of the Adult Cardiac Surgical Patient. Part 2: Procedure-Specific Considerations, Management of Complications, and Quality Improvement. Critical Care Medicine. 43(9):1995-2014
Wachtel, L. Commins, E., Park, M., Rolider, N., Stephens, R., and Reti, I. (2015). Neuroleptic malignant syndrome and delirious mania as malignant catatonia in autism: prompt relief with electroconvulsive therap. Acta Psychiatr Scand. May 28 2015. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 26018851
Crawford, T.C., Grimm, J., Magruder, J.T., Stephens, R.S., Sciortino, C., Vaught, J., Althaus, J., Shah, A., Kim, B. (2015). A Curious Case of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Journal of Surgical Case Reports. 11; 1-3.
Stephens, R.S., Johnston, L., Servinsky, L., Kim, B., and Damarla, M. (2015). The Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Imatinib Prevents Lung Injury and Death after Intravenous LPS in Mice. Physiological Reports. In Press.
Academic Affiliations & Courses
Courses and Syllabi
“Advanced Critical Care Clerkship,” Genes to Society: A Curriculum for the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Activities & Honors
- Outstanding Achievement in Education Award (Educational Program), Johns Hopkins Institute for Excellence in Education, 2013
- American Physiologic Society
- American Thoracic Society
- Director, Advanced Critical Care Clerkship, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD
- Co-Director, Fellowship Program in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD
Videos & Media
Lectures and Presentations
“Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine”
Grand Rounds Program , Johns Hopkins Community Grand Rounds Program