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Steven Clark Cunningham, M.D.

Assistant of Surgery
Appointment Phone

(443) 546-1600

Main Location

Maryland Surgeons

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  • Assistant of Surgery


Ablation, Adrenal Surgery, Alimentary Tract Diseases, Benign and malignant diseases of small bowel, colon, hernias, Benign Liver Lesions, Bile Duct Cancer, Bile Duct Disease, Bile Duct Injury, Bile Duct Surgery, Bile Duct Tumors, Biliary Disease, Biliary Tract Surgery, Carcinoid Syndrome, Carcinoid Tumors, Cholangiocarcinoma, Colorectal Metastases to the Liver, Gallbladder, Gallbladder Cancer, Gallbladder Surgery, Gallstones, Gastrointestinal Diseases, General Surgery, Hemangiomas, Hepatobiliary Surgery, Hepatocellular Cancer, Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Klatskin Tumors, Laparoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Laparoscopic Surgery, Liver Cancer, Liver Cysts, Liver Mass, Liver Tumors, Neuroendocrine Tumors, Pancreatic and Biliary Disease, Pancreatic Cancer, Pancreatic Cysts, Pancreatic Surgery, Pancreatic Tumors, Pancreatitis, Spleen Surgery, Splenectomy, Stomach Surgery, Surgery, Surgical Oncology, Tumors, Benign, Whipple Procedure


Dr. Cunningham earned his M.D. from George Washington University and completed general surgery residency at the University of Maryland. He has completed fellowships in both oncology research and pancreatic and hepatobiliary surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Dr. Cunningham is board-certified in general surgery and certified by the Americas Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association. Throughout his career, he has been a prolific contributor and editor with over 100 contributions to a variety of medical journals, guidelines, conferences and textbooks [see Research tab]. He also serves as a Cancer Liaison Physician for the American College of Surgeons, Commission on Cancer.

A member the American College of Surgeons, the Society for American Gastrointestinal & Endoscopic Surgeons, the Americas Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, the International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, the Society for Surgical Oncology, the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract, and the Pancreas Club, Dr. Cunningham is offering world-class multidisciplinary and minimally invasive evaluation and treatment of pancreatic, biliary and liver diseases, both benign and malignant.


  • English
  • Spanish
  • French


1997-present Member, American Medical Association
1997-present Member, Scientific Research Society
2001-present Member, American College of Surgeons
2004-present Member, Association for Academic Surgery
2005-present Member, Society of Surgical Oncology
2008-present Member, Society of American Gastrointestinal & Endoscopic Surgeons
2009-present Member, International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association
2010-present Member, American Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association
2011-present Member, Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
2011-present Member, The Pancreas Club

Additional Resources

Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • George Washington University School of Medicine (2001)


    • University of Maryland Medical Center (2009)


    • American Board of Surgery (2010)
  • Research & Publications +

    Selected Publications

    Publications Authored, in Periodicals

    1. Perichon R, Moser AB, Cunningham SC, Wallace WC, Roth GS, Moser HW. Peroxisomal disease cell lines with cellular plasmalogen deficiency have impaired muscarinic cholinergic signal transduction activity and amyloid precursor protein secretion. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1998;284:57-61.

    2. Perichon R, Droy-Lefaix M-T, Kelly JF, Cunningham SC, Mason RP and Roth GS. Effect of EGb761 on muscarinic cholinergic signal transduction in rat brain xynaptosomes during aging. In: Packer L, Christian Y, eds. Advances in Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) Research. vol. 7; Ginkgo biloba Extract (EGb 761): Lessons from Cell Biology, (1998).

    3. Cunningham SC. Psychologists. Psych News. September 17, 1999;34(18):22.

    4. Cunningham SC, Cusnir M, Moesinger R. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation to convert locally advanced pancreatic head adenocarcinoma to resectable disease: Case report and review of the literature. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2003;1:741-743.

    5. Cunningham SC, Shibata D, Volpe C. Isolated abdominal wound metastasis from a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Int J Gastrointest Cancer. 2003;33:129-32.

    6. Cunningham SC, Napolitano LM. Necrotizing soft tissue infection from decubitus ulcer after spinal cord injury. Spine. 2004;29:E172-4.

    7. Cunningham SC, Napolitano LM. Steatocystoma simplex. Surgery. 2004;136:97-98.

    8. Cunningham SC, Napolitano LM. Splenectomy for massive splenomegaly of polycythemia vera. Am J Surg. 2004;198:94-95.

    9. Cunningham SC, Sohn TA, Ryu B, Kern SE. Nonspecific enhancement of gene expression by compounds identified in high-throughput cell-based screening. BioTechniques. 2004;37:120-122.

    10. Cunningham SC, Napolitano LM. Pyogenic liver abscess complicating stricture of the common bile duct due to chronic pancreatitis. Surg Infect. 2004;5:188-194.

    11. Cunningham SC, Rosson GD, Lee RH, Williams JZ, Lustman GA, Slezak S, Goldberg NH, Silverman RP. Localization of the arcuate line from surface anatomic landmarks: a cadaver study. Ann Plast Surg. 2004;53:129-131.

    12. van der Heijden MS, Brody JR, Gallmeier E, Cunningham SC, Dezentje DA, Shen D, Hruban RH, and Kern SE. Functional defects in the fanconi anemia pathway in pancreatic cancer cells. Am J Pathol. 2004 165: 651-657.

    13. Cunningham SC, Fakhry K, Bass BL, Napolitano LM. Neutropenic enterocolitis in adults: Case series and review of the literature. Dig Dis Sci. 2005;50:215-20.

    14. Cunningham SC, Poliakova L, Silver K, Farney AC; Bartlett ST, Philosophe B, Leeser DB. Treating refractory chronic pancreatitis with total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplantation. Contemp Surg. 2005;61:192-198.

    15. Janas AM*, Cunningham SC*, Duffy KB, Devan BD, Greig NH, Holloway HW, Yu QS, Markowska AL, Ingram DK, Spangler EL. The cholinesterase inhibitor, phenserine, improves Morris water maze performance of scopolamine-treated rats. Life Sci. 2005;76:1073-81. * FIRST AUTHOR SHARED

    16. Cunningham SC, Kamangar F, Kim MP, Hammoud S, Haque R, Maitra A, Montgomery E, Heitmiller RE, Choti MA, Lillemoe KD, Cameron JL, Yeo CJ, Schulick RD. Survival after gastric adenocarcinoma resection: Eighteen-year experience at a single institution. J Gastrointest Surg. 2005;9:718-725.

    17. van der Heijden MS, Brody JR, Dezentje DA, Gallmeier E, Cunningham SC, Swartz MJ, DeMarzo AM, Offerhaus GJ, Isacoff WH, Hruban RH, Kern SE. In vivo therapeutic responses contingent on Fanconi anemia/BRCA2 status of the tumor. Clin Cancer Res. 2005;11:7508-15.

    18. Gallmeier E, Winter JM, Cunningham SC, Kahn SR, Kern SE. Novel genotoxicity assays identify norethindrone to activate p53 and phosphorylate H2AX. Carcinogenesis. 2005;26:1811-20

    19. Cunningham SC, Gannon CJ, Napolitano LM. Small-bowel diverticulosis. Am J Surg. 2005;190:37-8.

    20. Makary MA, Winter J, Cameron JL, Campbell KA, Cunningham SC, Chang D, Riall TS, Yeo CJ. Pancreaticoduodenectomy in the very elderly. J Gastrointest Surg. 2006;10:347-356.

    21. Cunningham SC, Kamangar F, Kim MP, Hammoud S, Haque R, Iacobuzio-Donahue CA, Maitra A, Ashfaq R, Hustinx S, Heitmiller RE, Choti MA, Lillemoe KD, Cameron JL, Yeo CJ, Schulick RD, Montgomery E. Claudin-4, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4, and stratifin are markers of gastric adenocarcinoma precursor lesions. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006;15:281-7.

    22. Cunningham SC, Hansel D, Fishman E, Cameron JL. Foregut duplication cyst of the stomach. J Gastrointest Surg 2006;10:620-1.

    23. Gallmeier E, Calhoun ES, Rago C, Brody JR, Cunningham SC, Hucl T, Gorospe M, Kohli M, Lengauer C, Kern SE. Targeted disruption of FANCC and FANCG in human cancer provides a preclinical model for specific therapeutic options. Gastroenterology 2006;130:2145-54.

    24. Cunningham SC, Malone DL, Bochicchio GV, Genuit T, Keledjian K, Tracy JK, Scalea TM, Napolitano LM. Serum lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) concentrations in trauma victims. Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2006;7:251-61.

    25. Cunningham SC, Kamangar F, Kim M, Hammoud S, Haque R, Maitra A, Montgomery E, Heitmiller RE, Choti MA, Lillemoe KD, Cameron JL, Yeo CJ, and Schulick RD. MKK4 status predicts survival after resection of gastric adenocarcinoma. Arch Surg 2006;141:1095-9.

    26. Cunningham SC, Kern SE. Beverage-agarose gel electrophoresis (BAGE): A technical exercise. CBE Life Sci Educ 2006;5:281-6.

    27. Cunningham SC, Suh HS, Winter JM, Montgomery E, Schulick RD, Cameron JL, Yeo CJ. Retroperitoneal paraganglioma: Single-institution experience and review of the literature. J Gastrointest Surg 2006;10:1156-63.

    28. Cunningham SC, Gallmeier E, Hucl T, Dezentje DA, Calhoun ES, Falco G, Abdelmohsen K, Gorospe M, Kern SE. Targeted deletion of MAP2K4/MKK4 in cancer cells: a detrimental phenotype manifests as decreased experimental metastases and suggests a counterweight to the evolution of tumor-suppressor loss in tumorigenesis. Cancer Res 2006;66:5560-4.

    29. Cunningham SC, Gallmeier E, Hucl T, Dezentje DA, Abdelmohsen K, Gorospe M, Kern SE. A theoretical proposal: Allelic dosage of MAP2K4/MKK4 could rationalize frequent 17p loss in diverse human cancers. Cell Cycle 2006;5:1090-3.

    30. DeOliveira ML, Winter JM, Schafer M, Cunningham SC, Cameron JL, Yeo CJ, Clavien P-A. Assessment of complications after pancreatic surgery: A novel grading system applied to 633 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy. Ann Surg 2006;244:931-7.

    31. Calhoun ES, Gallmeier E, Cunningham SC, Eshleman JR, Hruban RH, Kern SE. Copy-number methods dramatically underestimate loss of heterozygosity in cancer. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2006;45:1070-1.

    32. Cunningham SC. Minimally accurate nomenclature. Surg Endosc 2006;20:998.

    33. Cunningham SC, Alexander HR. Porcelain gallbladder and cancer: ethnicity explains a discrepant literature? Am J Med 2007;120:e17-8.

    34. DeOliveira ML*, Cunningham SC*, Kamangar F, Lillemoe KD, Choti MA, Cameron JL, Yeo CJ, Schulick RD. Cholangiocarcinoma: 31-Year experience with 564 patients at a single institution. Ann Surg 2007;245:755-62. * FIRST AUTHOR SHARED

    35. Cunningham SC, Napolitano LM. Image of the month: Enterorectus fistula. Arch Surg 2007;142:685-6.

    36. Cunningham SC. The least invasive name wins: Reply to Paluch, T (2006) Maximally accurate nomenclature. Surg Endosc 2007;21:1470-1.

    37. Cunningham SC and Klein RV. Nomenclature question: panniculus or pannus? Answer: pannona. J Am Coll Surg 2007;204:726-7.

    38. Gallmeier E, Hucl T, Calhoun ES, Cunningham SC, Bunz F, Brody JR, Kern SE. Gene-specific selection against experimental Fanconi anemia gene inactivation in human cancer. Cancer, Biol & Ther 2007;6(5):654-60.

    39. Cunningham SC and Gallmeier E. The supraclavicular approach to central venous catheterization: Simpler, safer, speedier. J Am Coll Surg 2007;205:514-6.

    40. Cunningham SC, Schulick RD. Palliative management of gastric cancer. Surg Oncol 2007;16(4):267-75.

    41. Cunningham SC, Choti MA, Bellavance EC, and Pawlik TM. Palliation of hepatic tumors. Surg Oncol 2007;16(4):277-91.

    42. Nugent SL, Cunningham SC, Alexiev BA, Bellavance E, Papadimitriou J, Hanna N. Composite signet-ring cell/neuroendocrine carcinoma of the stomach with a metastatic neuroendocrine carcinoma component: a better prognosis entity. Diagn Pathol 2007;2:43. * FIRST AUTHOR SHARED

    43. Cunningham SC, Sutton ERH. Invited Commentary: Letter to (Fellow) Young Doctors: More Kairos with Less Chronos. Surg Innov 2008;15:324-31.

    44. Bellavance EC, Lumpkins KM, Mentha G, Marques HP, Capussotti L, Pulitano C, Majno P, Mira P, Rubbia-Brandt L, Ferrero A, Aldrighetti L, Cunningham SC, Russolillo N, Philosophe B, Barroso E, Pawlik TM. Surgical management of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma: resection or transplantation? J Gastrointest Surg 2008;12:1699-708.

    45. Cunningham SC, Pawlik TM. Two-stage hepatectomy for metastatic colorectal cancer to the liver. Curr Colorectal Cancer Rep 2008;4:9399.

    46. Cunningham SC, Klein RV, Kavic SM. A nomenclature of nomenclature: Sources of terminologic uncertainty & confusion (STUC) classification and the value of communication. Arch Surg 2009;144:104-6.

    47. Cunningham SC, Kavic SM. What is an intraoperative complication? World J Surg 2009;33:1099-100.

    48. Deneve JL, Pawlik TM, Cunningham S, Clary B, Reddy S, Scoggins CR, Martin RC, D'Angelica M, Staley CA, Choti MA, Jarnagin WR, Schulick RD, Kooby DA. Liver cell adenoma: a multicenter analysis of risk factors for rupture and malignancy. Ann Surg Oncol 2009;16:640-8.

    49. Cunningham SC, Tsai S, Marques HP, Mira P, Barroso E, Cameron A, Philosophe B, Pawlik TM. Management of early hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with well-compensated cirrhosis. Ann Surg Oncol 2009;16:1820-31.

    50. Cunningham SC. Book Review: Precancer. Cancer Biol Ther 2010;9:945.

    51. De Jong M, Farnell MB, Cunningham SC, Lum, YW, Winter JM, Cameron JL, Wolfgang C, Geschwind J, Georgiades C, Edil B, Herman J, Abrams R, Choti MA, Nagorney DM, Schulick, RD, Pawlik TM. Liver-directed therapy for hepatic metastasis in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy: a multi-center analysis. Ann Surg 2010;252:142-8.

    52. Cunningham SC, Gallmeier E, and Kern SE. MKK4 as oncogene or tumor supressor: In cancer and senescence, the storys getting old. Aging 2010;2:752.

    53. Cunningham SC, Hruban RH, Schulick RD. Differentiating IPMN from other pancreatic cystic lesion. W J Gastrointest Surg 2010;2:331-6.

    54. Kahn J, Pawlik TM, and Cunningham SC. No small issue: Minimally invasive but more than minimally biased toward minor resections? J Am Coll Surg 2010;212:134.

    55. Shah PA, Cunningham SC, Daly BD. Hepatic gas: Widening spectrum of causes detected at CT and US in the interventional era. RadioGraphics 2011;31:1403-1413.

    56. Gueorguiev A, Kowdley CG, Mackey R, Esquivel J, and Cunningham SC. Minimally invasive evaluation and treatment of colorectal liver metastases. Internatl J Surg Onc 2011;2011:686030.

    57. Haddad AJ, Banihani M, Pawlik TM, and Cunningham SC. Metastatic colorectal cancer. Internatl J Surg Onc 2011;2011:285840.

    58. Merchant N, David CS, and Cunningham SC. Early hepatocellular carcinoma: Transplantation versus resection: The case for resection. Internatl J Hepatol 2011;2011:142085.

    59. Haddad A, Kowdley GC, Pawlik TM, and Cunningham SC. Hereditary pancreatic and hepatobiliary cancers. Internatl J Surg Onc 2011;2011:154673.

    60. Kneuertz PJ,* Cunningham SC,* Cameron JL, Torrez S, Tapazoglou N, Herman JM, Makary MA, Eckhauser F, Hirose K, Edil BH, Choti MA, Schulick RD; Wolfgang CL, Pawlik, TM. Palliative surgical management of patients with unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma: Trends and lessons learned from a large, single-institution experience. J Gastrointest Surg 2011;11:1917 * FIRST AUTHOR SHARED

    61. Jani N, Bani Hani M, Schulick RD, Hruban RH, and Cunningham SC. Diagnosis and management of cystic lesions of the pancreas. Diag Ther Endosc 2011;2011:478913.

    62. Kowdley GC, Merchant N, Somerville J, Gorospe M, Cunningham SC. Cancer surgery in the elderly. TSW Aging 2012:303852.

    63. Ambe C, Gonzalez-Cuyar L, Farooqui S, Hanna N, Cunningham SC. Ciliated Hepatic Foregut Cyst: 103 Cases in the World Literature. Op J Pathol 2012;2:45-49.

    64. Buddensick TJ, Kamangar F, Cunningham SC. Updated literature on povidone-iodine for control of surgical site infections. Ann Surg 2012;256:e1-2.

    Publications Authored, Book Chapters

    1. Cunningham SC, Schulick RD. Bile Duct Cancer. In: Cameron JL, ed. Current Surgical Therapy 9th ed. 2008, New York, Mosby.

    2. Cunningham SC, Moesinger RC. Liver Hemangioma. In: Cameron JL, ed. Current Surgical Therapy 9th ed. 2008, New York, Mosby.

    3. Cunningham SC, Schulick RD. Extrahepatic Biliary Cancer. In: Geschwind JF and Soulen MC, eds. Interventional Oncology: Principles and Practice, 1st ed. 2008, New York, Cambridge University Press.

    4. Cunningham SC, Schulick RD. Malignant Liver Tumors. In: Cameron JL, ed. Current Surgical Therapy 10th ed. 2010, New York, Mosby.

    5. Cunningham SC, Gomez N, Schulick RD. Complicacciones post resecciones del pncreas. In: Complicaciones en Ciruga, ed. Espinoza RG. 2011, Buenos Aires, Mediterraneo.

    6. Cunningham SC, Demirjian NA, Schulick RD. Pancreaticobiliary Surgery. In: Master Techniques in Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, ed. Lillemoe K and Jarnagin W. 2012, Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

    7. Demirjian NA, Cunningham SC, Palwik TM. Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma. In: Hepatobiliary Cancer, ed. Fong Y, Poon R, Tang ZY, Dupuy D, and Berlin JD. 2012 (In Press)

    8. Cunningham SC, Pawlik TM. Hepatic Colorectal Metastases; Hepatic Neoplastic Cysts; Hepatic Hyatid Cysts; Hepatic Simple Cysts. In Schulick RD, ed. Pocket General Surgery. (In Press).

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +


    1994 Award for Outstanding Performance as Teaching Assistant, Creighton University Department of Chemistry

    1994 Award for Best of Show, Award for Sculpture, Creighton University Annual Juried Art Show

    1995 Departmental Award for Excellence in Modern Languages, Creighton University

    1998 Winner, The New Physician Annual Poetry Contest

    2004 Resident Research Award, Surgical Infection Society

    2004 First-Place Award, ACS Committee on Trauma Regional Residents'' Competition

    2009 Honorary Resident Inductee, Gold Humanism Medical Student Honor Society, University of Maryland Medical School

    2013 Award: Certificate of Recognition for "Amazing Service" to Patients

  • Videos & Media +
  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +


    Maryland Surgeons
    10710 Charter Drive
    Medical Pavilion at Howard County
    Columbia, MD 21044
    Appointment Phone: (443) 546-1600
    Fax: (443) 546-1616
    Location Map
    Catonsville Medical Center
    716 Maiden Choice Lane
    Catonsville, MD 21228
    Phone: 410-744-7241
    Appointment Phone: 410-744-7241


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