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Robert Stevens, MD

Robert David Stevens, MD
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

See Research on Pubmed

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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Call +1-410-502-7683 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Neurological Surgery
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Associate Professor of Radiology and Radiological Science

Centers & Institutes

  • Encephalitis Center
  • F.M. Kirby Research Center for Functional Brain Imaging
  • Neurological Consultation Center
  • Preoperative Evaluation Center (PEC)
  • Stroke Center at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center


Anesthesiology, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Critical Care Medicine, Epilepsy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neuroimaging, Neurological Critical Care, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Stroke, Surgical Intensive Care, Trauma, Traumatic Brain Injury

Research Interests

Traumatic brain injury; Stroke; Consciousness disorders; Brain Mapping


Dr. Robert Stevens is an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine, neurology, neurosurgery and radiology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include anesthesiology, cerebrovascular diseases, critical care medicine, epilepsy, magnetic resonance imaging, neuroimaging, neurological critical care, neurology, neurosurgery, stroke, surgical intensive care, trauma and traumatic brain injury.

Dr. Stevens earned his M.D. from Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve. He completed his residency in anesthesiology and a fellowship in critical care medicine at the University of Geneva. He also performed fellowships in neurological critical care medicine and adult critical medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Stevens joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 2003.

His research focuses on creating a comprehensive anatomical and functional map of neural injury and repair following injury related to trauma, stroke, anoxia and sepsis.

Dr. Stevens is a member of numerous societies, including the Association of University Anesthesiologists, the Society for Neuroscience, and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Neurosciences. He serves as the chair of the Research Section of The Society for Critical Care Medicine, where he also serves as a member at Large for the Neuroscience Section.


  • English
  • French


Association of University Anesthesiologists, 2010 - present

Society for Neuroscience, 2008 - present

European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Neurosciences, 2005 - present

The Neurocritical Care Society, 2004 - present

Society for Neurosurgical Anesthesia and Critical Care, 2004 - present

American Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists, 2003 - present

American Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003 - present

Maryland Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003 - present

The Johns Hopkins Medical and Surgical Association, 2003 - present

Society of Critical Care Medicine, 2002 - present

American Heart Association Council on Stroke, 2002 - present

Swiss Medical Federation, 2000 - present

Swiss Society of Anesthesia and Resuscitation, 2000 - present

American Association for the Advancement of Science 

Clinical Trial Keywords

  • Traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, delirium, ICU-acquired weakness

Additional Resources

Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve (Geneve) (1992)


    • University of Geneva / Anesthesiology (Geneve) (2000)


    • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Anesthesiology (Baltimore MD ) (2003)


    • Critical Care Medicine, American Board of Anesthesiology (2013)
    • Anesthesiology, American Board of Anesthesiology (2012)
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    Dr. Stevens’ research centers on quantitative approaches to injury and repair within the central nervous system.

    His group seeks to generate a comprehensive anatomical and functional map of neural injury and repair following insults such as trauma, stroke, anoxia and sepsis. Several projects have evaluated the relationship between critical illness and central or peripheral nervous system dysfunction. Ongoing projects deploy quantitative brain mapping to probe recovery of consciousness and cognitive function in patients who have experienced acute neurologic insults from trauma, stroke, cardiac arrest and sepsis.

    Dr. Stevens is the principal investigator in a study funded by the Brain Science Institute to track recovery after severe traumatic brain injury using multiparametric MRI and tablet-based neuropsychological assessments. He leads the Neuroimaging for Coma Emergence and Recovery (NICER) project, a multi-site, prospective observational cohort study of patients with severe traumatic brain injury who are serially evaluated with MRI and detailed cognitive phenotype analysis. The overarching goal is to generate transformative interventions for neurological recovery.

    Selected Publications View all on PubMed

    1. Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Clinical and imaging correlates of EEG patterns in hospitalized patients with encephalopathy. J Neurol 2012;260:1087-98. 

    2. Polito A, Eischwald F, Le Maho AL, Polito A, Azabou E, Annane D, Chrétien F, Stevens RD, Carlier R, Sharshar T. Pattern of brain injury in the acute setting of human septic shock. Crit Care. 2013 Sep 18;17(5):R204.

    3. Stevens RD, Sutter R. Prognosis in severe brain injury. Crit Care Med 2013; 41:1104-23.

    4. Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Significance of triphasic waves in patients with acute encephalopathy: a nine-year cohort study. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124(10):1952-8

    5. Dinkel J, Drier A, Khalilzadeh O, Perlbarg V, Czernecki V, Gupta R, Gomas F, Sanchez P, Dormont D, Galanaud D, Stevens RD, Puybasset L Long-Term White Matter Changes after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A 5-Year Prospective Cohort. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2013

    6. Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Gupta R, Stevens RD, Sanchez P, Veber B, Tollard E, Faivre S, Soto-Ares G, Cottenceau V, Tourdias T, André E, Menjot de Champfleur E, Audibert G, Bracard S, Dailler F, Ibarrola D, Payen JF, Le Bas JF, Bruder N, Girard N, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Tshibanda L, Laureys S, Benali H, Puybasset L for the NICER (Neuro Imaging in Coma Emergence and Recovery). Assessment of White Matter Injury and Outcome in Severe Brain Trauma: a Prospective Multi-center Cohort. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1300–1310

    7. Luyt CE, Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Stevens RD, Gupta R, Besancenot H, Krainik A, Audibert G, Combes A, Chastre J, Benali H, Laureys S and Puybasset L. Diffusion tensor imaging to predict long-term outcome following cardiac arrest. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1311–1321 

    8. Huff JS, Stevens RD, Weingart SD, Smith WS. Emergency neurological life support: approach to the patient with coma. Neurocrit Care. 2012;17Suppl 1:S54-9.

    9. Hoesch RE, Lin E, Young M, Gottesman RF, Altaweel L, Nyquist PA, Stevens RD. Acute Lung Injury in Critical Neurological Illness. Crit Care Med 2012; 40:587-93.

    10. Frattalone A, Stevens RD. Intracranial pressure and its surrogates. Intensive Care Med 2011; 37(7):1051-3

    11. Stevens RD, Puybasset L. The brain-lung-brain axis. Intensive Care Medicine 2011;37(7):1054-6

    12. Hua J, Stevens RD, Huang AJ, Pekar JJ, van Zijl PC. Physiological origin for the BOLD poststimulus undershoot in human brain: vascular compliance versus oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2011;31:1599-611

    13. Duckworth J, Stevens RD. Imaging brain trauma. Current Opinion in Critical Care 2010’16:92–97

    14. Stevens RD, Marshall S, Cornblath DC, De Johghe B, Ali N, Needham DM, Sharshar T. A Framework for Diagnosing and Classifying Intensive Care Unit Acquired Weakness. Critical Care Med 2009;37[Suppl.]:S299 –S308

    15. Donahue MJ, Stevens RD, de Boorder M, van Zijl PC. Hemodynamic changes after visual stimulation and breath holding provide evidence for an uncoupling of cerebral blood flow and volume from oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2009;29:176-85

    16. Koenig MA, Bryan M, Mirski MA, Geocadin RG, Stevens RD. Reversal of brain herniation with 23.4% saline. Neurology 2008; 70:1023-9.

    17. Stevens RD, Pronovost PJ. The spectrum of encephalopathy in critical illness. Semin Neurol 2006;26:440–451 18.

    18. Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Approach to the comatose patient. Crit Care Med 2006; 34:31-41.

    19. Stevens RD, Dowdy DW, Michaels RK, Mendez-Tellez PA, Pronovost PJ, Needham DM. Neuromuscular Dysfunction Acquired in Critical Illness. A Systematic Review. Intensive Care Med 2007;33:1876-91

    20. Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Evolving paradigms in the management of traumatic brain injury. Crit Care Med 2005 2005;33:2415-7

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +


    Johns Hopkins Medicine Leadership Development Program, January - December 2011

    Educational Scholarship Award, Society of Critical Care Medicine Curriculum, February 2007

    Member of the Faculty 1000 Medicine, 2007 - present

    Professional Activities

    Grant reviewer, Society of Critical Care Medicine Vision Grant, 2013

    Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2012

    Editorial board, Frontiers in Neurology, 2011

    Editorial board, Annals of Intensive, 2011

    Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2010

    Grant reviewer, ESICM ECCRN/Industry Research, 2010

    Guest editor, Critical Care Clinics, 2008

    Guest editor, Neurologic Clinics, 2008

    Faculty member and editor, Faculty of 1000 Medicine, Critical Care & Emergency Medicine section, 2007 - present

    Guest editor, Critical Care Clinics, 2007

    Chair, Research Section, the Society for Critical Care Medicine

    Member at Large, Neuroscience Section, the Society for Critical Care Medicine

  • Videos & Media +

    Recent News Articles & Media Coverage

    Women Athletes Have More Concussions Than Men, New Study Shows, New York Times (02/27/2015)

    High School Football Tied to Brain Changes, Even Without Concussion, US News & World Report (12/01/2014)

    Giving the hazards of football a closer look,” Chicago Sun-Times, August 2013

    Player's text: Send my brain to NFL research bank,”, Feb. 2011

    Recovery from traumatic brain injury a long, uncertain road,” The Baltimore Sun, January 2011

  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +


    The Johns Hopkins Hospital
    600 N. Wolfe Street
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-955-7481
    Appointment Phone: 410-955-2611
    Fax: 410-614-7903
    Location Map
    Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
    4940 Eastern Avenue
    Baltimore, MD 21224
    Phone: 410-550-0942
    Appointment Phone: 410-550-0942
    Fax: 410-550-0443
    Location Map


    • Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine - Neurosciences Critical Care
    • Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine - Critical Care Medicine

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