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Robert David Stevens, MD

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Appointment Phone


Main Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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Out-of-State & International Patients +
Out of State Patients

Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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International Patients

Call +1-410-502-0773 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Neurological Surgery
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Associate Professor of Radiology and Radiological Science

Centers & Institutes

  • Encephalitis Center
  • F.M. Kirby Center for Functional Brain Imaging
  • Neurological Consultation Center
  • Pre-Op Evaluation Center
  • Stroke Center at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center


Anesthesiology, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Critical Care Medicine, Epilepsy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neuroimaging, Neurological Critical Care, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Stroke, Surgical Intensive Care, Trauma, Traumatic Brain Injury

Research Interests

Traumatic brain injury, Stroke, Consciousness disorders, Brain Mapping


Robert Stevens, MD, is an Associate Professor at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) School of Medicine with appointments in Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Radiology. He received his degree in medicine from the University of Geneva and completed his residency and fellowship at the University of Geneva and Johns Hopkins University. At Johns Hopkins, he received advanced training in image acquisition and analysis. Dr Stevens’ group seeks to generate a comprehensive anatomical and functional map of neural injury and repair following insults such as trauma, stroke, anoxia, and sepsis. Several projects have evaluated the relationship between critical illness and central or peripheral nervous system dysfunction. Ongoing projects deploy quantitative brain mapping to probe recovery of consciousness and cognitive function in patients who have experienced acute neurologic insults from trauma, stroke, cardiac arrest, and sepsis. 


  • English
  • French


Society for Neuroscience

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Society of Critical Care Medicine

European Society of Intensive Care Medicine

American Heart Association

The Neurocritical Care Society

Association of University Anesthesiologists

Clinical Trial Keywords

  • Traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, delirium, ICU-acquired weakness

Additional Resources

Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve (Geneve ) (1992)


    • University of Geneva / Anesthesiology (Geneve ) (2000)


    • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Anesthesiology (Baltimore MD) (2003)


    • American Board of Anesthesiology / Critical Care Medicine (2013)
    • American Board of Anesthesiology / Anesthesiology (2011)
  • Research & Publications +

    Selected Publications

    1. Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Evolving paradigms in the management of traumatic brain injury.  Crit Care Med 2005 2005;33:2415-7
    2. Stevens RD, Dowdy DW, Michaels RK, Mendez-Tellez PA, Pronovost PJ, Needham DM. Neuromuscular Dysfunction Acquired in Critical Illness.  A Systematic Review. Intensive Care Med 2007;33:1876-91
    3. Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Approach to the comatose patient. Crit Care Med 2006; 34:31-41.
    4. Stevens RD, Pronovost PJ. The spectrum of encephalopathy in critical illness. Semin Neurol 2006;26:440–451
    5. Koenig MA, Bryan M, Mirski MA, Geocadin RG, Stevens RD. Reversal of brain herniation with 23.4% saline. Neurology 2008; 70:1023-9.
    6. Donahue MJ, Stevens RD, de Boorder M, van Zijl PC.  Hemodynamic changes after visual stimulation and breath holding provide evidence for an uncoupling of cerebral blood flow and volume from oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2009;29:176-85
    7. Stevens RD, Marshall S, Cornblath DC, De Johghe B, Ali N, Needham DM, Sharshar T. A Framework for Diagnosing and Classifying Intensive Care Unit Acquired Weakness. Critical Care Med 2009;37[Suppl.]:S299 –S308
    8. Duckworth J, Stevens RD. Imaging brain trauma. Current Opinion in Critical Care 2010’16:92–97
    9. Hua J, Stevens RD, Huang AJ, Pekar JJ, van Zijl PC. Physiological origin for the BOLD poststimulus undershoot in human brain: vascular compliance versus oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2011;31:1599-611
    10. Stevens RD, Puybasset L. The brain-lung-brain axis. Intensive Care Medicine 2011;37(7):1054-6
    11. Frattalone A, Stevens RD. Intracranial pressure and its surrogates. Intensive Care Med 2011; 37(7):1051-3
    12. Hoesch RE, Lin E, Young M, Gottesman RF, Altaweel L, Nyquist PA, Stevens RD. Acute Lung Injury in Critical Neurological Illness. Crit Care Med 2012; 40:587-93.
    13. Huff JS, Stevens RD, Weingart SD, Smith WS. Emergency neurological life support: approach to the patient with coma. Neurocrit Care. 2012;17Suppl 1:S54-9.
    14. Luyt CE, Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Stevens RD, Gupta R, Besancenot H, Krainik A, Audibert G, Combes A, Chastre J, Benali H, Laureys S and Puybasset L. Diffusion tensor imaging to predict long-term outcome following cardiac arrest. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1311–1321
    15. Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Gupta R, Stevens RD, Sanchez P, Veber B, Tollard E, Faivre S, Soto-Ares G, Cottenceau V, Tourdias T, André E, Menjot de Champfleur E, Audibert G, Bracard S, Dailler F, Ibarrola D, Payen JF, Le Bas JF, Bruder N, Girard N, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Tshibanda L, Laureys S, Benali H, Puybasset L for the NICER (Neuro Imaging in Coma Emergence and Recovery). Assessment of White Matter Injury and Outcome in Severe Brain Trauma: a Prospective Multi-center Cohort. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1300–1310
    16. Dinkel J, Drier A, Khalilzadeh O, Perlbarg V, Czernecki V, Gupta R, Gomas F, Sanchez P, Dormont D, Galanaud D, Stevens RD, Puybasset L Long-Term White Matter Changes after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A 5-Year Prospective Cohort. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2013
    17. Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Significance of triphasic waves in patients with acute encephalopathy: a nine-year cohort study. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124(10):1952-8
    18. Stevens RD, Sutter R. Prognosis in severe brain injury. Crit Care Med 2013; 41:1104-23.
    19. Polito A, Eischwald F, Le Maho AL, Polito A, Azabou E, Annane D, Chrétien F, Stevens RD, Carlier R, Sharshar T. Pattern of brain injury in the acute setting of human septic shock. Crit Care. 2013 Sep 18;17(5):R204.
    20. Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Clinical and imaging correlates of EEG patterns in hospitalized patients with encephalopathy. J Neurol 2012;260:1087-98.
  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +

    Professional Activities

    Chair, Research Section, The Society for Critical Care Medicine 

    Member at Large, Neuroscience Section, The Society for Critical Care Medicine 


  • Videos & Media +
  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +


    The Johns Hopkins Hospital
    600 N. Wolfe Street
    Phipps Room 455A
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-955-7481
    Appointment Phone: 410-955-2611
    Fax: 410-614-7903
    Location Map
    Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
    4940 Eastern Avenue
    Baltimore, MD 21224
    Phone: 410-550-0942
    Appointment Phone: 410-550-0942
    Fax: 410-550-0443
    Location Map


    • Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine - Neurosciences Critical Care
    • Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine - Critical Care Medicine

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