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Robert Stevens, M.D.

Robert David Stevens, M.D.
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

Male  | Languages: English, French

Appointment Phone


Main Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Out-of-State & International Patients +
Out of State Patients

Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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Call +1-410-502-7683 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Associate Professor of Radiology and Radiological Science

Centers & Institutes



The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-955-2611

600 N. Wolfe Street
Phipps 455A
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-7481
Fax: 410-614-7903

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center

Appointment Phone: 410-550-0942

4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224 map
Phone: 410-550-0942
Fax: 410-550-0443


Anesthesiology, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Critical Care Medicine , Epilepsy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neuroimaging, Neurological Critical Care, Neurology, Neurosurgery , Stroke, Surgical Intensive Care, Trauma, Traumatic Brain Injury

Research Interests

Traumatic brain injury; Stroke; Brain Mapping; Consciousness disorders


Dr. Robert Stevens is an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine, neurology, neurosurgery and radiology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include anesthesiology, cerebrovascular diseases, critical care medicine, epilepsy, magnetic resonance imaging, neuroimaging, neurological critical care, neurology, neurosurgery, stroke, surgical intensive care, trauma and traumatic brain injury.

Dr. Stevens earned his M.D. from Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve. He completed his residency in anesthesiology and a fellowship in critical care medicine at the University of Geneva. He also performed fellowships in neurological critical care medicine and adult critical medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Stevens joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 2003.

His research focuses on creating a comprehensive anatomical and functional map of neural injury and repair following injury related to trauma, stroke, anoxia and sepsis.

Dr. Stevens is a member of numerous societies, including the Association of University Anesthesiologists, the Society for Neuroscience, and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Neurosciences. He serves as the chair of the Research Section of The Society for Critical Care Medicine, where he also serves as a member at Large for the Neuroscience Section. more

    Additional Information

  • Education +


    • Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve / MD (1992)


    • University of Geneva / Anesthesiology (2000)


    • American Board of Anesthesiology / Anesthesiology (2012)
    • American Board of Anesthesiology / Critical Care Medicine (2013)
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    Dr. Stevens’ research centers on quantitative approaches to injury and repair within the central nervous system.

    His group seeks to generate a comprehensive anatomical and functional map of neural injury and repair following insults such as trauma, stroke, anoxia and sepsis. Several projects have evaluated the relationship between critical illness and central or peripheral nervous system dysfunction. Ongoing projects deploy quantitative brain mapping to probe recovery of consciousness and cognitive function in patients who have experienced acute neurologic insults from trauma, stroke, cardiac arrest and sepsis.

    Dr. Stevens is the principal investigator in a study funded by the Brain Science Institute to track recovery after severe traumatic brain injury using multiparametric MRI and tablet-based neuropsychological assessments. He leads the Neuroimaging for Coma Emergence and Recovery (NICER) project, a multi-site, prospective observational cohort study of patients with severe traumatic brain injury who are serially evaluated with MRI and detailed cognitive phenotype analysis. The overarching goal is to generate transformative interventions for neurological recovery.

    Clinical Trial Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, delirium, ICU-acquired weakness

    Selected Publications View all on PubMed

    1. Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Clinical and imaging correlates of EEG patterns in hospitalized patients with encephalopathy. J Neurol 2012;260:1087-98.

    2. Polito A, Eischwald F, Le Maho AL, Polito A, Azabou E, Annane D, Chrétien F, Stevens RD, Carlier R, Sharshar T. Pattern of brain injury in the acute setting of human septic shock. Crit Care. 2013 Sep 18;17(5):R204.

    3. Stevens RD, Sutter R. Prognosis in severe brain injury. Crit Care Med 2013; 41:1104-23.

    4. Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Significance of triphasic waves in patients with acute encephalopathy: a nine-year cohort study. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124(10):1952-8

    5. Dinkel J, Drier A, Khalilzadeh O, Perlbarg V, Czernecki V, Gupta R, Gomas F, Sanchez P, Dormont D, Galanaud D, Stevens RD, Puybasset L Long-Term White Matter Changes after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A 5-Year Prospective Cohort. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2013

    6. Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Gupta R, Stevens RD, Sanchez P, Veber B, Tollard E, Faivre S, Soto-Ares G, Cottenceau V, Tourdias T, André E, Menjot de Champfleur E, Audibert G, Bracard S, Dailler F, Ibarrola D, Payen JF, Le Bas JF, Bruder N, Girard N, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Tshibanda L, Laureys S, Benali H, Puybasset L for the NICER (Neuro Imaging in Coma Emergence and Recovery). Assessment of White Matter Injury and Outcome in Severe Brain Trauma: a Prospective Multi-center Cohort. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1300–1310

    7. Luyt CE, Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Stevens RD, Gupta R, Besancenot H, Krainik A, Audibert G, Combes A, Chastre J, Benali H, Laureys S and Puybasset L. Diffusion tensor imaging to predict long-term outcome following cardiac arrest. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1311–1321

    8. Huff JS, Stevens RD, Weingart SD, Smith WS. Emergency neurological life support: approach to the patient with coma. Neurocrit Care. 2012;17Suppl 1:S54-9.

    9. Hoesch RE, Lin E, Young M, Gottesman RF, Altaweel L, Nyquist PA, Stevens RD. Acute Lung Injury in Critical Neurological Illness. Crit Care Med 2012; 40:587-93.

    10. Frattalone A, Stevens RD. Intracranial pressure and its surrogates. Intensive Care Med 2011; 37(7):1051-3

    11. Stevens RD, Puybasset L. The brain-lung-brain axis. Intensive Care Medicine 2011;37(7):1054-6

    12. Hua J, Stevens RD, Huang AJ, Pekar JJ, van Zijl PC. Physiological origin for the BOLD poststimulus undershoot in human brain: vascular compliance versus oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2011;31:1599-611

    13. Duckworth J, Stevens RD. Imaging brain trauma. Current Opinion in Critical Care 2010’16:92–97

    14. Stevens RD, Marshall S, Cornblath DC, De Johghe B, Ali N, Needham DM, Sharshar T. A Framework for Diagnosing and Classifying Intensive Care Unit Acquired Weakness. Critical Care Med 2009;37[Suppl.]:S299 –S308

    15. Donahue MJ, Stevens RD, de Boorder M, van Zijl PC. Hemodynamic changes after visual stimulation and breath holding provide evidence for an uncoupling of cerebral blood flow and volume from oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2009;29:176-85

    16. Koenig MA, Bryan M, Mirski MA, Geocadin RG, Stevens RD. Reversal of brain herniation with 23.4% saline. Neurology 2008; 70:1023-9.

    17. Stevens RD, Pronovost PJ. The spectrum of encephalopathy in critical illness. Semin Neurol 2006;26:440–451 18.

    18. Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Approach to the comatose patient. Crit Care Med 2006; 34:31-41.

    19. Stevens RD, Dowdy DW, Michaels RK, Mendez-Tellez PA, Pronovost PJ, Needham DM. Neuromuscular Dysfunction Acquired in Critical Illness. A Systematic Review. Intensive Care Med 2007;33:1876-91

    20. Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Evolving paradigms in the management of traumatic brain injury. Crit Care Med 2005 2005;33:2415-7

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +


    • Educational Scholarship Award, Society of Critical Care Medicine Curriculum, 2007
    • Member of the Faculty 1000 Medicine, 2007
    • Leadership Development Program, Johns Hopkins Medicine , 2011


    • American Association for the Advancement of Science
    • Swiss Medical Federation, 2000
    • Swiss Society of Anesthesia and Resuscitation, 2000
    • American Heart Association Council on Stroke, 2002
    • Society of Critical Care Medicine, 2002
    • American Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
    • American Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists, 2003
    • Maryland Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
    • The Johns Hopkins Medical and Surgical Association, 2003
    • Society for Neurosurgical Anesthesia and Critical Care, 2004
    • The Neurocritical Care Society, 2004
    • European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Neurosciences, 2005
    • Society for Neuroscience, 2008
    • Association of University Anesthesiologists, 2010

    Professional Activities

    • Chair, the Society for Critical Care Medicine
      Research Section
    • Guest editor, Critical Care Clinics, 2007
    • Guest editor, Critical Care Clinics, 2008
    • Guest editor, Neurologic Clinics, 2008
    • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2010
    • Grant reviewer, ESICM ECCRN/Industry Research, 2010
    • Editorial board, Frontiers in Neurology, 2011
    • Editorial board, Annals of Intensive, 2011
    • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2012
    • Grant reviewer, Society of Critical Care Medicine Vision Grant, 2013
  • Videos & Media +

    Recent News Articles & Media Coverage

    Women Athletes Have More Concussions Than Men, New Study Shows, New York Times (02/27/2015)

    High School Football Tied to Brain Changes, Even Without Concussion, US News & World Report (12/01/2014)

    Giving the hazards of football a closer look,” Chicago Sun-Times, August 2013

    Player's text: Send my brain to NFL research bank,”, Feb. 2011

    Recovery from traumatic brain injury a long, uncertain road,” The Baltimore Sun, January 2011

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