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Robert Stevens, M.D.

Robert David Stevens, M.D.

Photo of Dr. Robert Stevens, M.D.

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine


Languages: English, French

Expertise: Critical Care Medicine, Epilepsy, Neurological Critical Care, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury

Research Interests: Traumatic brain injury; Stroke; Brain Mapping; Consciousness disorders

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Appointment Phone: 410-955-2611

600 N. Wolfe Street
Phipps Building, 455A
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-7481
Fax: 410-614-7903

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Appointment Phone: 410-550-0942

4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224 map
Phone: 410-550-0942
Fax: 410-550-0443


 Dr Robert Stevens is a fellowship-trained, board-certified specialist in critical care medicine, neurocritical care, and anesthesiology. He serves as an Associate Professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine with appointments in Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Neurology, Neurosurgery and Radiology. His areas of clinical expertise include critical care medicine, trauma and traumatic brain injury, neurological critical care, surgical intensive care, neurology, neurosurgery, cerebrovascular diseases and stroke, epilepsy, and neuroimaging

Dr Stevens has received postdoctoral research training in molecular neurobiology, cellular electrophysiology, advanced magnetic resonance imaging, and brain mapping. He holds faculty appointments in the Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering and the FM Kirby Center for Functional Neuroimaging. Dr Stevens’ group investigates biomarkers of neural injury and repair following insults such as trauma, stroke, anoxia and sepsis, with a fundamental goal of identifying transformative interventions to promote neurologic recovery. He is the principal investigator of the Neuroimaging for Coma Emergence and Recovery (NICER) project, an international consortium which is analyzing the brain connectome in patients recovering from brain injury. Other projects explore molecular and cellular aspects of recovery in experimental brain injury, including genetic determinants, neuro-immunological responses, neural plasticity, and cellular regeneration. more


  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Associate Professor of Radiology and Radiological Science



  • MD, Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve (1992)


  • University of Geneva / Anesthesiology (2000)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Anesthesiology / Anesthesiology (2012)
  • American Board of Anesthesiology / Critical Care Medicine (2013)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Stevens’ research centers on quantitative approaches to injury and repair within the central nervous system.

His group seeks to generate a comprehensive anatomical and functional map of neural injury and repair following insults such as trauma, stroke, anoxia and sepsis. Several projects have evaluated the relationship between critical illness and central or peripheral nervous system dysfunction. Ongoing projects deploy quantitative brain mapping to probe recovery of consciousness and cognitive function in patients who have experienced acute neurologic insults from trauma, stroke, cardiac arrest and sepsis.

Dr. Stevens is the principal investigator in a study funded by the Brain Science Institute to track recovery after severe traumatic brain injury using multiparametric MRI and tablet-based neuropsychological assessments. He leads the Neuroimaging for Coma Emergence and Recovery (NICER) project, a multi-site, prospective observational cohort study of patients with severe traumatic brain injury who are serially evaluated with MRI and detailed cognitive phenotype analysis. The overarching goal is to generate transformative interventions for neurological recovery.

Clinical Trial Keywords

Traumatic brain injury, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, delirium, sepsis, ICU-acquired weakness

Selected Publications

View all on Pubmed

Salluh JI, Wang H, Schneider EB, Nagaraja N, Yenokyan G, Damluji A, Serafim RB, Stevens RD. Outcome of delirium in critically ill patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2015;350:h2538. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h2538.

Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Clinical and imaging correlates of EEG patterns in hospitalized patients with encephalopathy. J Neurol 2012;260:1087-98.

Polito A, Eischwald F, Le Maho AL, Polito A, Azabou E, Annane D, Chrétien F, Stevens RD, Carlier R, Sharshar T. Pattern of brain injury in the acute setting of human septic shock. Crit Care. 2013 Sep 18;17(5):R204.

Stevens RD, Sutter R. Prognosis in severe brain injury. Crit Care Med 2013; 41:1104-23.

Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW. Significance of triphasic waves in patients with acute encephalopathy: a nine-year cohort study. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124(10):1952-8

Dinkel J, Drier A, Khalilzadeh O, Perlbarg V, Czernecki V, Gupta R, Gomas F, Sanchez P, Dormont D, Galanaud D, Stevens RD, Puybasset L Long-Term White Matter Changes after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A 5-Year Prospective Cohort. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2013

Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Gupta R, Stevens RD, Sanchez P, Veber B, Tollard E, Faivre S, Soto-Ares G, Cottenceau V, Tourdias T, André E, Menjot de Champfleur E, Audibert G, Bracard S, Dailler F, Ibarrola D, Payen JF, Le Bas JF, Bruder N, Girard N, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Tshibanda L, Laureys S, Benali H, Puybasset L for the NICER (Neuro Imaging in Coma Emergence and Recovery). Assessment of White Matter Injury and Outcome in Severe Brain Trauma: a Prospective Multi-center Cohort. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1300–1310

Luyt CE, Galanaud D, Perlbarg V, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Stevens RD, Gupta R, Besancenot H, Krainik A, Audibert G, Combes A, Chastre J, Benali H, Laureys S and Puybasset L. Diffusion tensor imaging to predict long-term outcome following cardiac arrest. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:1311–1321

Huff JS, Stevens RD, Weingart SD, Smith WS. Emergency neurological life support: approach to the patient with coma. Neurocrit Care. 2012;17Suppl 1:S54-9.

Hoesch RE, Lin E, Young M, Gottesman RF, Altaweel L, Nyquist PA, Stevens RD. Acute Lung Injury in Critical Neurological Illness. Crit Care Med 2012; 40:587-93.

Frattalone A, Stevens RD. Intracranial pressure and its surrogates. Intensive Care Med 2011; 37(7):1051-3

Stevens RD, Puybasset L. The brain-lung-brain axis. Intensive Care Medicine 2011;37(7):1054-6

Hua J, Stevens RD, Huang AJ, Pekar JJ, van Zijl PC. Physiological origin for the BOLD poststimulus undershoot in human brain: vascular compliance versus oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2011;31:1599-611

Duckworth J, Stevens RD. Imaging brain trauma. Current Opinion in Critical Care 2010'16:92–97

Stevens RD, Marshall S, Cornblath DC, De Johghe B, Ali N, Needham DM, Sharshar T. A Framework for Diagnosing and Classifying Intensive Care Unit Acquired Weakness. Critical Care Med 2009;37[Suppl.]:S299 –S308

Donahue MJ, Stevens RD, de Boorder M, van Zijl PC. Hemodynamic changes after visual stimulation and breath holding provide evidence for an uncoupling of cerebral blood flow and volume from oxygen metabolism. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2009;29:176-85

Koenig MA, Bryan M, Mirski MA, Geocadin RG, Stevens RD. Reversal of brain herniation with 23.4% saline. Neurology 2008; 70:1023-9.

Stevens RD, Pronovost PJ. The spectrum of encephalopathy in critical illness. Semin Neurol 2006;26:440–451 18.

Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Approach to the comatose patient. Crit Care Med 2006; 34:31-41.

Stevens RD, Dowdy DW, Michaels RK, Mendez-Tellez PA, Pronovost PJ, Needham DM. Neuromuscular Dysfunction Acquired in Critical Illness. A Systematic Review. Intensive Care Med 2007;33:1876-91

Stevens RD, Bhardwaj A. Evolving paradigms in the management of traumatic brain injury. Crit Care Med 2005 2005;33:2415-7

Academic Affiliations & Courses

Graduate Program Affiliation

Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering

FM Kirby Center for Functional Brain Imaging 

Activities & Honors


  • Leadership Development Program, Johns Hopkins Medicine , 2011
  • Educational Scholarship Award, Society of Critical Care Medicine Curriculum, 2007
  • Member of the Faculty 1000 Medicine, 2007


  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Heart Association Council on Stroke, 2002
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
  • Association of University Anesthesiologists, 2010
  • European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Neurosciences, 2005
  • Maryland Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
  • Society for Neuroscience, 2008
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, 2002
  • The Neurocritical Care Society, 2004

Professional Activities

  • Chair, the Society for Critical Care Medicine
    Research Section
  • Editorial board, Frontiers in Neurology, 2011
  • Editorial Board, Critical Care Medicine, 2015
  • Editorial Board, Neurocritical Care, 2015
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Critical Care, 2015
  • Editorial board, Annals of Intensive, 2011
  • Grant reviewer, Society of Critical Care Medicine Vision Grant, 2013
  • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2012
  • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2010
  • Grant reviewer, ESICM ECCRN/Industry Research, 2010
  • Guest editor, Critical Care Clinics, 2008
  • Guest editor, Neurologic Clinics, 2008
  • Guest editor, Critical Care Clinics, 2007

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Women Athletes Have More Concussions Than Men, New Study Shows, New York Times (02/27/2015)

High School Football Tied to Brain Changes, Even Without Concussion, US News & World Report (12/01/2014)

Giving the hazards of football a closer look, Chicago Sun-Times, August 2013

Player's text: Send my brain to NFL research bank, CNN, Feb. 2011

Recovery from traumatic brain injury a long, uncertain road, The Baltimore Sun, January 2011

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