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Harold Edward Fox, MD

University Distinguished Service Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Appointment Phone


Main Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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Out of State Patients

Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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International Patients

Call +1-410-502-7683 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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  • University Distinguished Service Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics

Centers & Institutes

  • Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality


Gynecology, Gynecology and Obstetrics, High Risk OB, Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Obstetrics

Research Interests

Fetal Assessment, Patient Safety


Harold E. Fox obtained his Bachelors degree from the University of Rochester in Rochester, N.Y. After completing his Baccalaureate studies. He matriculated at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, obtaining his MD degree with honors and distinction in Research. Upon completion of his MD degree he was awarded a Masters of Science degree in fetal physiology. Dr. Fox completed his residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology and then his fellowship in Maternal and Fetal Medicine at the University of Rochester Medical Center

During his training and junior faculty positions, Dr. Fox was mentored by Professor Geoffrey Dawes of the Nuffield Institute in Oxford England and also Dr. Mortimer G. Rosen, Dr. L, Stanley James, and others. Working with Professor Dawes, Dr. Fox introduced intrauterine fetal eletrocortical activity monitoring to the Nuffield Institute in Oxford which led to the identification of activity state changes in the fetal lamb and elucidation of mechanisms of control of fetal respiratory activity in utero.

Dr. Fox secured federal research funding and foundation funding to pursue studies of the development of fetal respiratory activity in the human fetus and also, through the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the March of Dimes, the regionalization of high risk obstetrical care at a time when maternal transport was rarely thought of, Dr. Fox developed programs in upstate New York to assure delivery of the high risk fetus in an environment best prepared to support the care of the newborn. These facilities have become known as regional perinatal centers.

During his tenure at the Sloane Hospital for Women of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, he advanced to the rank of Professor and Vice Chairman and ultimately interim Chairman of the department. His research evolved from investigations involving fetal tolerance of the intrauterine environment to the challenges of retroviral epidemiology with the AIDS epidemic. As principle investigator of the NIAID Women and Infants Transmission Study and as chair of the Executive Committee of the multi-site NIH program, Dr. Fox became intensively involved with the AIDS clinical trial group as the chair of the Ob section and was a principle obstetrician who moved forward the now landmark 076 protocol which demonstrated the very significant reduction of vertical transmission of HIV by the administration of antiretroviral agents to the infected mother and the potentially infected newborn.

In 1996, Dr. Fox joined the faculty at Johns Hopkins Medicine in the position which he currently holds. At Hopkins, Dr. Fox has served two terms as member of the governing board of the Clinical Practice Association and served for three years as Chairman of the Administrative Committee of the Medical Board and after a three year term is the immediate past Chairman of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Medical Board. Dr. Fox also serves as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Johns Hopkins Home Care Group, Johns Hopkins Community Physicians and Johns Hopkins Healthcare.

Dr. Fox is in active practice of Ob/Gyn and Maternal Fetal Medicine.


  • English



Additional Resources

Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • University of Rochester Medical Center (Rochester NY ) (1972)


    • Strong Memorial Hospital of the / Obstetrics and Gynecology (Rochester NY ) (1975)


    • Strong Memorial Hospital of the / Maternal & Fetal Medicine (Rochester NY ) (1977)


    • Maternal and Fetal Medicine, American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2010)
    • Obstetrics and Gynecology, American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2010)
  • Research & Publications +

    Selected Publications

    Dawes GS, Fox HE, Leduc BM, Liggins GC, Richards RT. Respiratory movements and rapid eye movement sleep in the fetal lamb, J Physiol 1972:220:119.
    Dawes GS, Fox HE, Richards RT. Variations in asphyxial gasping with fetal age in lams and guinea pigs. J Exp Pphysiol 1972;57:131.
    Friedman SM, DeSilva Lp, Fox HE. Hepatitis B screening in a New York obstetrics service. Am J public Health 1988; 78:308-10.
    Berkowitz K, Stampf K, Fox HE, Baxi L. False negative syphilis screening during pregnancy. N Eng J Med 1990;322:270-1.
    Matera C, Warren WB, Moomjy M, Fink DJ, Fox HE. Prevalence of use of cocaine and other substances in an obstetric population. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990;163:797-801.
    Sperling RS, Stratton, P, OSullivan MJ, Boyer P, Watts DH, Lambert JS, Hammill H, Livington EG, gloeb DJ, Minkoff H, Fox HE. A survey of Zidovudine use in pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Eng j Med 1992;336:857-61.
    Fox HE, Badalian SS. Fetal movement in response to vibro-acoustic stimulation. A review. Obstet Gynecol Survey 1993;48:707-13.
    Fox HE, Badalian SS. Ultrasound prediction of fetal pulmonary hypoplasia in pregnancies complicated by oligohydramnios and in cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A review. Am J of Perinatology 1994;11:12:104-107.
    Badalian SS, Chao CR, Fox HE, Timor-Tritsch IE. Fetal breathing related nasal fluid flow velocity in uncomplicated pregnancies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;169;563-7.
    Fox He, Badalian SS, Timor-Tritsch IE, Marks F, Stolar CJH. Fetal upper respiratory function in cases on antenatally diagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia: Preliminary observations. Ultrasound in Obste Gynecol 1993;3:164-7.
    Badalian SS, FoxHE, Chao CR, Rimor-Tritsch IE, Stolar CJH. Fetal Breathing Characteristics and Postnatal Outcome in Cases of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994;181:930-6.
    Mofenson LM, Fox HE. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection in Pregnant and Non-Pregnant HIV-Infected Women. Archives of Internal Medicine. May 22,1 995. Vol 155.
    Sheon AR, Fox HE, Alexander G, Buck A, Higins A, McDermott, Moroso G, Moye J, Patheco-Acosta E. Misdiagnosed HIV Infection in Pregnant Women: Implications for clinical care. Public Health reports 1994;109:694-9.
    Mark F, Zimmer EZ, Chao CR, Monteagudo A, Fox HE. Vibratory Acoustic Stimulatin and Fetal Gasping. The Journal of Reporductive Medicine. Vol 40, No 7, July 1995.
    Sheon AR, Fox HE, Rich KC, et al for the Women and Infants Transmission Group. The Women and Infants Transmission Study (WITS) of Maternal-Infant Transmission = Study Design, Methods, and Baseline Data. Journal of Womens Health. 1996. Vol.5, No1, 69-78.
    Rodriquez EM, Fox HE, Mofenson LM et al for the Women and Infant Study. Association of Maternal Drug Use During Pregnancy with Maternal HIV Culture Positivity and Perinatal HIV Transmission. 1996: AIDS 10:273:282.
    Landesman SH, Kalish LA, Fox HE, et al for the Women and Infants Transmission Study. Obstetrical Factors and the Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 from Mother to Child. 1996 NEJM. Vol 334 No. 25 1617-1623.
    Badalian SS, Fox HE, Zimmer EZ, Fifer WP, And Stark, RI. Patterns of perinasal fluid flow and contraceptions of the diaphragm in the human fetus. Utlrasound Obstet Gynecol 8 (1996) 109-113.
    Friedlander JD, Fox HE, Cain CF, Dominguez CL, Smiley RM. Fetal bradycardia and uterine hyperactivity following administration of intrathecal fentanyl during labor. Case Report. Regional Anesthesia, 1997 Jul-Aug; 22(4) 378-81
    Fox HE, Badalian SS, Fifer, WP. Patterns of fetal paranasal fluid flow in cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 176, 4 (1997) 807-813.
    Stetten G, Goodman BK, Fox HE. New Cytogenetic technology and its application in Maternal-fetal medicine. Journal of Maternal-Fetal Investigation (1997) 7:155-162
    Stratton P, Prabodth G, Riester K, Fox HE, Zorrilla C, Tuomala R, Eriksen N, Vajaranant M, Minkoff H, Fowler MG. Cervical dysplasia on cervico-vaginal Pap smear among HIV -1 pregnant and nonpregnant women. J Acquir Immune Defi Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1999 Mar 1;20(3):300-7.
    Ural S, Blakemore K, Fox HE, Wallach EE. Detecting and treating subcutaneous endometriosis, Contemporary Ob/Gyn, May 1999, pg 99-103.
    Bienstock JL, Tzou W, Martin S, Fox HE Graduate Education - Effect of Student ethnicity on interpersonal skills and objective standardized clinical examination scores, Obstetrics and Gynecology, December 2000, pg 1011-1013.
    Witter FR, TenBroeck J, Fox HE A new device for safer collection of post partum cord blood. Int J. Gynecol Obstet 2001; 72:259-60.

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +


    Alpha Omega Alpha, 1971;MD with Honor and distinction in Research, University of Rochester, 1972; Student Marshall, 1972; EKAS Award - Leadership and Teaching, University of Rochester, 1975; LUND Award - Research, University of Rochester, 1975; Sigma Xi, 1976; Faculty Teaching Award, University of Rochester, 1979; Selected Participant as Acting Chairman, APGO Chairman Management Services, 1993; Group Leader APGO Management Course, 1995; Sloane Hospital for Women Distinguished Service Award, 1995; Honorary President: Kane King Dodek Society, GWU, Washington, DC 1995; Phi Beta Delta International Scholars Honor Society, 1996, APGO National Teaching Award 2000.

    Professional Activities

    09/08 Chairman Conflict of Commitment Policy Revision Committee

    11/06 - Present Member - Discipline Committee Johns Hopkins Medicine

    2004 Present Trustee Johns Hopkins Healthcare

    2005 - Present Executive Champion Efficiency Discharge Program

    2005 - Present Member Claims Review Committee Johns Hopkins Medicine

    2004 Present Trustee Johns Hopkins Healthcare

    2004 - 6/30/2005 Chairman of Johns Hopkins Hospital Medical Board

    2003 -2005 Advisor - Leadership Development Program - Johns Hopkins Medicine

    2002 Present Chair Credentials Committee JHHC & JHC

    2002- Present Corporate Advisor -United Premier Medical Group/Johns Hopkins Medicine Collaboration

    2002 - Present Co-Chair Access Improvement Task Force - Johns Hopkins Hospital

    2001- Present Co-Chair Innovations in Quality Care, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions

    2001- Present Member, Joint Committee on Risk Management

    11/08/01-Present Member - Advisory Committee for the Office of Funded Programs,
    Johns Hopkins Medicine

    3/2000 - Present Budget Oversight Group - Johns Hopkins Hospital

    1999 - 2005 Elected Governor, Board of Governors, CPA, Johns Hopkins Medicine
  • Videos & Media +
  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +


    The Johns Hopkins Hospital
    600 N. Wolfe Street
    Sheikh Zayed Tower
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-502-3200
    Appointment Phone: 410-955-6700
    Fax: 410-502-3145
    Location Map
    Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center
    601 N. Caroline Street
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-502-3200
    Appointment Phone: 410-955-6700
    Fax: 410-502-3145
    Location Map


    • Gynecology and Obstetrics - Maternal-Fetal Medicine

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