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Peter C. Burger, M.D.

Director, Surgical Neuropathology
Professor of Pathology


Appointment Phone


Main Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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  • Director, Surgical Neuropathology
  • Director, Oncologic Neuropathology Service
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Professor of Oncology

Centers & Institutes



The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-955-8378

600 N. Wolfe Street
Sheikh Zayed Tower
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-8378
Fax: 410-614-9310

Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center

Appointment Phone: 410-955-8378

601 N. Caroline Street
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-8378
Fax: 410-614-9310


Brain Tumors, Pathology

Research Interests

Surgical neuropathology


Dr. Peter Burger is a professor of pathology, neurological surgery and oncology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include brain tumors and pathology.

He and his colleagues were the first to identify pilomyxoid astrocytomas (PMA), a type of brain cancer largely seen in children, at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1999.

Dr. Burger serves as director of the oncologic neuropathology service and director of surgical neuropathology consultation services at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

He is internationally known for his work on adult and pediatric brain tumors. He is a leading authority in the interpretation of surgical specimens of brain and spinal cord tumors, and has extensive experience in interpreting stereotactic needle biopsies. He reviews more than 1,500 difficult brain tumor cases sent to him in consultation yearly.

Dr. Burger earned his M.D. from the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University. He completed his residency at the Duke University School of Medicine and performed a fellowship in neuropathology at Duke University.

His research interests include surgical pathology and the molecular biology of brain tumors.

Dr. Burger is the author of two widely used textbooks and more than 200 scientific articles. He serves as chairman of the Neuropathology Review Committee of the Children’s Oncology Group, the major national organization devoted to developing new treatments for childhood cancer. His work has been recognized with numerous awards, including a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Society of Neuro-Oncology in 2011. more

    Additional Information

  • Education +
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    Dr. Burger's principal interest is in surgical neuropathology of both neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases. For both, he is seeking the best methods by which these lesions can be diagnosed, and their biological behavior projected. His team's current work explores molecular basis of gliomas, specifically molecular or cytogenetic abnormalities that correlate with tumor type and prognosis. They are involved in a multi-institutional study of the pathological cytogenetic, and molecular features of gliomas, particularly those that can be used to distinguish oligodendrogliomas from histologically similar lesions such as astrocytoma. They are also categorizing the cytogenetic and molecular features of pediatric astrocytomas and to subdivide medulloblastomas on the basis of their cytogenetic and molecular anatomy. With joint appointments in oncology and neurosurgery, Dr. Burger works closely with these disciplines in the evaluation of new therapies for CNS tumors. His team has an active consult service for the interpretation of surgical specimens for brain and spinal cord tumors and other lesions.

    Selected Publications

    1. Abel, T.W.; Curtis, M.; Lin, D.D.; Burger, P.C.; Cummings, T.J. Complex choristoma of the gyrus rectus: a distinct clinicopathologic entity? The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2006 May;30(5):625-629.
    2. Burger, P.C. Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (sPNET). Brain Pathology (Zurich, Switzerland). 2006 Jan;16(1):86.
    3. Chintagumpala, M.M.; Friedman, H.S.; Stewart, C.F.; Kepner, J.; McLendon, R.E.; Modrich, P.L.; McCluggage, C.; Burger, P.; Holmes, E.; Thompson, S.; Rutka, J.; Michalski, J.; Woo, S.; Blaney, S.M.; Kun, L.E.; Horowitz, M.E.; Pediatric Oncology Group, S. A phase II window trial of procarbazine and topotecan in children with high-grade glioma: a report from the children''s oncology group. Journal of neuro-oncology. 2006 Apr;77(2):193-198.
    4. Colman, H.; Giannini, C.; Huang, L.; Gonzalez, J.; Hess, K.; Bruner, J.; Fuller, G.; Langford, L.; Pelloski, C.; Aaron, J.; Burger, P.; Aldape, K. Assessment and prognostic significance of mitotic index using the mitosis marker phospho-histone H3 in low and intermediate-grade infiltrating astrocytomas. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2006 May;30(5):657-664.
    5. Gallia, G.L.; Burger, P.C.; Suk, I.; Bagley, C.A.; Wolinsky, J.P.; Garonzik, I.M.; Gokaslan, Z.L. Concomitant conus medullaris ependymoma and filum terminale lipoma: case report. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jun;58(6):E1214; discussion E1214.
    6. Griffin, C.A.; Burger, P.; Morsberger, L.; Yonescu, R.; Swierczynski, S.; Weingart, J.D.; Murphy, K.M. Identification of der(1;19)(q10;p10) in five oligodendrogliomas suggests mechanism of concurrent 1p and 19q loss. Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology. 2006 Oct;65(10):988-994.
    7. Henderson, G.S.; van Diest, P.J.; Burger, H.; Russo, J.; Raman, V. Expression pattern of a homeotic gene, HOXA5, in normal breast and in breast tumors. Cell Oncol. 2006;28(5-6):305-313.
    8. Hourani, R.; Horska, A.; Albayram, S.; Brant, L.J.; Melhem, E.; Cohen, K.J.; Burger, P.C.; Weingart, J.D.; Carson, B.; Wharam, M.D.; Barker, P.B. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging to differentiate between nonneoplastic lesions and brain tumors in children. Journal of magnetic resonance imaging: JMRI. 2006 Feb;23(2):99-107.
    9. Khanani, M.F.; Hawkins, C.; Shroff, M.; Dirks, P.; Capra, M.; Burger, P.C.; Bouffet, E. Pilomyxoid astrocytoma in a patient with neurofibromatosis. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2006 Mar;46(3):377-380.
    10. Oblinger, J.L.; Pearl, D.K.; Boardman, C.L.; Saqr, H.; Prior, T.W.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Jenkins, R.B.; Burger, P.C.; Yates, A.J. Diagnostic and prognostic value of glycosyltransferase mRNA in glioblastoma multiforme patients. Neuropathology and applied neurobiology. 2006 Aug;32(4):410-418.
    11. Packer, R.J.; Gajjar, A.; Vezina, G.; Rorke-Adams, L.; Burger, P.C.; Robertson, P.L.; Bayer, L.; LaFond, D.; Donahue, B.R.; Marymont, M.H.; Muraszko, K.; Langston, J.; Sposto, R. Phase III study of craniospinal radiation therapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for newly diagnosed average-risk medulloblastoma. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4202-4208.
    12. Stearns, D.; Chaudhry, A.; Abel, T.W.; Burger, P.C.; Dang, C.V.; Eberhart, C.G. c-myc overexpression causes anaplasia in medulloblastoma. Cancer Res. 2006 Jan 15;66(2):673-681.
    13. Aldape, K.; Burger, P.C.; Perry, A. Clinicopathologic aspects of 1p/19q loss and the diagnosis of oligodendroglioma. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine. 2007 Feb;131(2):242-251.
    14. Bookland, M.J.; Bagley, C.A.; Schwarz, J.; Burger, P.C.; Brem, H. Intracavernous trigeminal ganglion amyloidoma: case report. Neurosurgery. 2007 Mar;60(3):E574.
    15. Chumsri, S.; Matsui, W.; Burger, A.M. Therapeutic implications of leukemic stem cell pathways. Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Nov 15;13(22 Pt 1):6549-6554.
    16. Kretschmar, C.; Kleinberg, L.; Greenberg, M.; Burger, P.; Holmes, E.; Wharam, M. Pre-radiation chemotherapy with response-based radiation therapy in children with central nervous system germ cell tumors: a report from the Children''s Oncology Group. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2007 Mar;48(3):285-291.
    17. Louis, D.N.; Ohgaki, H.; Wiestler, O.D.; Cavenee, W.K.; Burger, P.C.; Jouvet, A.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Kleihues, P. The 2007 WHO classification of tumours of the central nervous system. Acta Neuropathol. 2007 Aug 2007;114((2)):97-109.
    18. Rodriguez, F.J., B. W. Scheithauer, P.D. Robbins, P. C. Burger, R. B. Hessler, A. Perry, P. C. Abell-Aleff, and G.W. Mierau. Ependymomas with neuronal differentiation: A morphologic and immunohistochemical spectrum. Acta Neuropathol. 2007;113:313-324.
    19. Rodriguez, F.J.; Eberhart, C.; O''Neill, B.P.; Slezak, J.; Burger, P.C.; Goldthwaite, P.; Wu, W.; Giannini, C. Histopathologic grading of adult medulloblastomas. Cancer. 2007 Jun 15;109(12):2557-2565.
    20. Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Jenkins, R.; Burger, P.C.; Rudzinskiy, P.; Vlodavsky, E.; Schooley, A.; Landolfi, J. Gliosarcoma arising in oligodendroglial tumors ("oligosarcoma"): A clnicopathologic study. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 March 31((3)):351-362.
    21. Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Jenkins, R.; Burger, P.C.; Rudzinskiy, P.; Vlodavsky, E.; Schooley, A.; Landolfi, J. Gliosarcoma arising in oligodendroglial tumors ("oligosarcoma"): a clinicopathologic study. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2007 Mar;31(3):351-362.
    22. Sanders, R.P., M. Kocak, P.C. Burger, T.E. Merchant, A. Gajjar, and A. Broniscer. High grade astrocytoma in very young children. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2007;49:888-893.
    23. Bar, E.E.; Lin, A.; Tihan, T.; Burger, P.C.; Eberhart, C.G. Frequent gains at chromosome 7q34 involving BRAF in pilocytic astrocytoma. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2008 Sep;67(9):878-887.
    24. Davis, F.G.; Malmer, B.S.; Aldape, K.; Barnholtz-Sloan, J.S.; Bondy, M.L.; Brannstrom, T.; Bruner, J.M.; Burger, P.C.; Collins, V.P.; Inskip, P.D.; Kruchko, C.; McCarthy, B.J.; McLendon, R.E.; Sadetzki, S.; Tihan, T.; Wrensch, M.R.; Buffler, P.A. Issues of diagnostic review in brain tumor studies: from the Brain Tumor Epidemiology Consortium. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2008 Mar;17(3):484-489.
    25. Fisher, P.G.; Tihan, T.; Goldthwaite, P.T.; Wharam, M.D.; Carson, B.S.; Weingart, J.D.; Repka, M.X.; Cohen, K.J.; Burger, P.C. Outcome analysis of childhood low-grade astrocytomas. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2008 Aug;51(2):245-250.
    26. Gessi, M.; Giangaspero, F.; Lauriola, L.; Gardiman, M.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Halliday, W.; Hawkins, C.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Burger, P.C.; Eberhart, C.G. Embryonal Tumors With Abundant Neuropil and True Rosettes: A Distinctive CNS Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor. Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Nov 3.
    27. Giannini, C.; Burger, P.C.; Berkey, B.A.; Cairncross, J.G.; Jenkins, R.B.; Mehta, M.; Curran, W.J.; Aldape, K. Anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors: refining the correlation among histopathology, 1p 19q deletion and clinical outcome in Intergroup Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Trial 9402. Brain pathology (Zurich, Switzerland). 2008 Jul;18(3):360-369.
    28. Gilles, F.H.; Tavare, C.J.; Becker, L.E.; Burger, P.C.; Yates, A.J.; Pollack, I.F.; Finlay, J.L. Pathologist interobserver variability of histologic features in childhood brain tumors: results from the CCG-945 study. Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society. 2008 Mar-Apr;11(2):108-117.
    29. Komotar, R.J.; Zacharia, B.E.; Sughrue, M.E.; Mocco, J.; Carson, B.S.; Tihan, T.; Otten, M.L.; Burger, P.C.; Garvin, J.H.; Khandji, A.G.; Anderson, R.C. Magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of pilomyxoid astrocytoma. Neurological research. 2008 Nov;30(9):945-951.
    30. McCarthy, B.J.; Propp, J.M.; Davis, F.G.; Burger, P.C. Time trends in oligodendroglial and astrocytic tumor incidence. Neuroepidemiology. 2008;30(1):34-44.
    31. McGirt, M.J.; Chaichana, K.L.; Attenello, F.J.; Weingart, J.D.; Than, K.; Burger, P.C.; Olivi, A.; Brem, H.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A. Extent of surgical resection is independently associated with survival in patients with hemispheric infiltrating low-grade gliomas. Neurosurgery. 2008 Oct;63(4):700-707; author reply 707-708.
    32. Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Perry, A.; Oliveira, A.M.; Jenkins, R.B.; Oviedo, A.; Mork, S.J.; Palmer, C.A.; Burger, P.C. Ependymal tumors with sarcomatous change ("ependymosarcoma"): a clinicopathologic and molecular cytogenetic study. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2008 May;32(5):699-709.
    33. Swain, R.S.; Tihan, T.; Horvai, A.E.; Di Vizio, D.; Loda, M.; Burger, P.C.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Kim, G.E. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the central nervous system and its relationship to inflammatory pseudotumor. Human pathology. 2008 Mar;39(3):410-419.
    34. Tihan, T.; Zhou, T.; Holmes, E.; Burger, P.C.; Ozuysal, S.; Rushing, E.J. The prognostic value of histological grading of posterior fossa ependymomas in children: a Children''s Oncology Group study and a review of prognostic factors. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc. 2008 Feb;21(2):165-177.
    35. Chaichana, K.L.; McGirt, M.J.; Niranjan, A.; Olivi, A.; Burger, P.C.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A. Prognostic significance of contrast-enhancing low-grade gliomas in adults and a review of the literature. Neurological research. 2009 Nov;31(9):931-939.
    36. Chi, S.N.; Zimmerman, M.A.; Yao, X.; Cohen, K.J.; Burger, P.; Biegel, J.A.; Rorke-Adams, L.B.; Fisher, M.J.; Janss, A.; Mazewski, C.; Goldman, S.; Manley, P.E.; Bowers, D.C.; Bendel, A.; Rubin, J.; Turner, C.D.; Marcus, K.J.; Goumnerova, L.; Ullrich, N.J.; Kieran, M.W. Intensive multimodality treatment for children with newly diagnosed CNS atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2009 Jan 20;27(3):385-389.
    37. Gessi, M.; Giangaspero, F.; Lauriola, L.; Gardiman, M.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Halliday, W.; Hawkins, C.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Burger, P.C.; Eberhart, C.G. Embryonal tumors with abundant neuropil and true rosettes: a distinctive CNS primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Am J Surg Pathol. 2009 Feb;33(2):211-217.
    38. Johnson, M.W.; Burger, P.C. Intramedullary amputation neuromas associated with spinal ependymomas. Am J Surg Pathol. 2009 Apr;33(4):639-643.
    39. Johnson, M.W.; Lin, D.; Smir, B.N.; Burger, P.C. Lipoglioblastoma: a lipidized glioma radiologically and histologically mimicking adipose tissue. Surgical neurology. 2009 Oct 12.
    40. Lu, J.Q.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Sharma, P.; Scott, J.N.; Parney, I.F.; Hader, W.; Burger, P.C.; Clark, A.W. Multifocal complex glioneuronal tumor in an elderly man: an autopsy study: case report. Neurosurgery. 2009 Jun;64(6):E1193-1195; discussion E1195.
    41. Perry, A.; Miller, C.R.; Gujrati, M.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Zambrano, S.C.; Jost, S.C.; Raghavan, R.; Qian, J.; Cochran, E.J.; Huse, J.T.; Holland, E.C.; Burger, P.C.; Rosenblum, M.K. Malignant gliomas with primitive neuroectodermal tumor-like components: a clinicopathologic and genetic study of 53 cases. Brain Pathol. 2009 Jan;19(1):81-90.
    42. Scheithauer, B.W.; Erdogan, S.; Rodriguez, F.J.; Burger, P.C.; Woodruff, J.M.; Kros, J.M.; Gokden, M.; Spinner, R.J. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors of Cranial Nerves and Intracranial Contents: A Clinicopathologic Study of 17 Cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2009 Dec 5;33(3):325-338.
    43. Shakur, S.F.; McGirt, M.J.; Johnson, M.W.; Burger, P.C.; Ahn, E.; Carson, B.S.; Jallo, G.I. Angiocentric glioma: a case series. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Mar;3(3):197-202.
    44. Sperduto, C.M.; Chakravarti, A.; Aldape, K.; Burger, P.; Papermaster, G.B.; Sperduto, P. Twenty-year survival in glioblastoma: a case report and molecular profile. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics. 2009 Nov 15;75(4):1162-1165.
    45. Bramlage, R.J.; Lahaye, L.; Burger, C.; Mueller, M.; Wirtz, D.C.; Weber, O. [Correction of a post-traumatic femoral length difference using an intramedullary distraction nail]. Z Orthop Unfall. 2010 Sep;148(5):585-588.
    46. Frazier, J.L.; Johnson, M.W.; Burger, P.C.; Weingart, J.D.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A. Rapid malignant transformation of low-grade astrocytomas: report of 2 cases and review of the literature. World neurosurgery. 2010;73(1):53-62; discussion e55.
    47. Hales, R.K.; Shokek, O.; Burger, P.C.; Paynter, N.P.; Chaichana, K.L.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A.; Jallo, G.I.; Cohen, K.J.; Song, D.Y.; Carson, B.S.; Wharam, M.D. Prognostic factors in pediatric high-grade astrocytoma: the importance of accurate pathologic diagnosis. Journal of neuro-oncology. 2010;99(1):65-71.
    48. Johnson, M.W.; Eberhart, C.G.; Perry, A.; Tihan, T.; Cohen, K.J.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Rais-Bahrami, S.; Goldthwaite, P.; Burger, P.C. Spectrum of pilomyxoid astrocytomas: intermediate pilomyxoid tumors. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2010;34(12):1783-1791.
    49. Johnson, M.W.; Lin, D.; Smir, B.N.; Burger, P.C. Lipoglioblastoma: a lipidized glioma radiologically and histologically mimicking adipose tissue. World neurosurgery. 2010;73(2):108-111.
    50. Parsons, D.W.; Li, M.; Zhang, X.; Jones, S.; Leary, R.J.; Lin, J.C.; Boca, S.M.; Carter, H.; Samayoa, J.; Bettegowda, C.; Gallia, G.L.; Jallo, G.I.; Binder, Z.A.; Nikolsky, Y.; Hartigan, J.; Smith, D.R.; Gerhard, D.S.; Fults, D.W.; Vandenberg, S.; Berger, M.S.; Marie, S.K.; Shinjo, S.M.; Clara, C.; Phillips, P.C.; Minturn, J.E.; Biegel, J.A.; Judkins, A.R.; Resnick, A.C.; Storm, P.B.; Curran, T.; He, Y.; Rasheed, B.A.; Friedman, H.S.; Keir, S.T.; McLendon, R.; Northcott, P.A.; Taylor, M.D.; Burger, P.C.; Riggins, G.J.; Karchin, R.; Parmigiani, G.; Bigner, D.D.; Yan, H.; Papadopoulos, N.; Vogelstein, B.; Kinzler, K.W.; Velculescu, V.E. The Genetic Landscape of the Childhood Cancer Medulloblastoma. Science. 2010 Dec 16.
    51. Pollack, I.F.; Hamilton, R.L.; Burger, P.C.; Brat, D.J.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Murdoch, G.H.; Nikiforova, M.N.; Holmes, E.J.; Zhou, T.; Cohen, K.J.; Jakacki, R.I.; Children's Oncology, G. Akt activation is a common event in pediatric malignant gliomas and a potential adverse prognostic marker: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Journal of neuro-oncology. 2010;99(2):155-163.
    52. Pollack, I.F.; Hamilton, R.L.; Sobol, R.W.; Nikiforova, M.N.; Nikiforov, Y.E.; Lyons-Weiler, M.A.; LaFramboise, W.A.; Burger, P.C.; Brat, D.J.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Gilles, F.H.; Yates, A.J.; Zhou, T.; Cohen, K.J.; Finlay, J.L.; Jakacki, R.I.; Children's Oncology, G. Mismatch repair deficiency is an uncommon mechanism of alkylator resistance in pediatric malignant gliomas: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2010;55(6):1066-1071.
    53. Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Burger, P.C.; Jenkins, S.; Giannini, C. Anaplasia in pilocytic astrocytoma predicts aggressive behavior. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2010;34(2):147-160.
    54. Weber, O.; Burger, C.; Stein, G.; Gravius, S.; Wirtz, D.C.; Pennekamp, P.H.; Kraft, C.N.; Muller, M. [Endoprosthesis for the fractured elbow: uni- and bicompartmental alloarthroplasty of the humero-ulnar joint]. Unfallchirurg. 2010 Dec;113(12):977-983.
    55. Weber, O.; Goost, H.; Mueller, M.; Burger, C.; Wirtz, D.; Pagenstert, G.; Gravius, S. Mid-Term Results after Post-Traumatic Knee Joint Replacement in Elderly Patients. Z Orthop Unfall. 2010 Apr 13.

    Burger, P.C., Minn, A.Y., Smith, J.S., Borell, T.J., Jedlicka, A.E., Huntley,B.K., Goldthwaite, P.T., Jenkins, R.B., and Feuerstein, B.G.: Losses of Chromosomal Arms 1p and 19q in the Diagnosis of Oligodendroglioma. A Study of Paraffin-Embedded Sections. Modern Pathology 14:842-853, 2001.

    Burger, P.C., Pearl, D.K., Aldape, K., Yates, A.J., Scheithauer, B.W.,Passe, S.M., Jenkins, R.B., and James, C.D. Small Cell Architecture - Ahistological Equivalent of EGFR Amplification in Glioblastoma Multiforme? J.Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 60:1099-1104, 2001.

    Eberhart, C.G., Kratz, J.E., Schuster, A., Goldthwaite, P., Cohen, K.J.,Perlman, E.J., and Burger, P.C.: Comparative Genomic Hybridization Detects an Increased Number of Chromosomal Alterations in Large Cell/Anaplastic Medulloblastomas. Brain Pathology 121:36-44, 2001.

    Eberhart, C.G., Kepner, J.L., Goldthwaite, P.T., Kun, L.E., Duffner, P.K.,Friedman, H.S., Strother, D.R., and Burger, P.C.: Histopathologic Grading of Medulloblastomas: A Pediatric Oncology Group Study. Cancer 94:552-560,2002.

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +


    • Pioneer Award for Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children’s Brain Tumor Foundation, 2005
    • Distinguished Pathologist Award, United States-Canadian Academy of Pathology, 2007
    • Award for Meritorious Contributions to Neuropathology, American Association of Neuropathologists, 2010
    • Lifetime Achievement Award, Society of Neuro-Oncology, 2011
    • NeuroOncology Lifetime Achievement Award, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital at McGill University, 2011


    • American Association of Neuropathologists
    • College of American Pathologists
    • U.S. Canadian Academy of Pathology

    Professional Activities

    • Chairman, Pediatric Oncology Group
      Pathology Review Committee (Brain Tumors)
    • Chairman, Children’s Oncology Group
      Neuropathology Review Committee
    • Editor, World Health Organization
      Histological Typing of Central Nervous System Tumors
    • Editorial Board, American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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