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Photo of Dr. Peter Corson Burger, MD

Peter Corson Burger, MD

Professor of Pathology
Appointment Phone


Primary Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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Out-of-State & International Patients +
Out of State Patients

Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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Call +1-410-502-0773 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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  • Professor of Pathology
  • Professor of Neurological Surgery
  • Professor of Oncology

Centers & Institutes

  • Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center


Brain Tumors, Pathology


  • English
Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • Northwestern University The Feinberg School of Medicine ( Chicago IL ) (1966)


    • Duke University School of Medicine/Pathology ( Durham NC ) (1973)


    • Duke University School of Medicine/Neuropathology ( Durham NC ) (1975)


    • Anatomic Pathology, American Board of Pathology (1976)
    • Neuropathology, American Board of Pathology (1976)
  • Research & Publications +

    Selected Publications

    Abel, T.W.; Curtis, M.; Lin, D.D.; Burger, P.C.; Cummings, T.J. Complex choristoma of the gyrus rectus: a distinct clinicopathologic entity? The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2006 May;30(5):625-629.

    Burger, P.C. Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (sPNET). Brain Pathology (Zurich, Switzerland). 2006 Jan;16(1):86.

    Chintagumpala, M.M.; Friedman, H.S.; Stewart, C.F.; Kepner, J.; McLendon, R.E.; Modrich, P.L.; McCluggage, C.; Burger, P.; Holmes, E.; Thompson, S.; Rutka, J.; Michalski, J.; Woo, S.; Blaney, S.M.; Kun, L.E.; Horowitz, M.E.; Pediatric Oncology Group, S. A phase II window trial of procarbazine and topotecan in children with high-grade glioma: a report from the children''s oncology group. Journal of neuro-oncology. 2006 Apr;77(2):193-198.

    Colman, H.; Giannini, C.; Huang, L.; Gonzalez, J.; Hess, K.; Bruner, J.; Fuller, G.; Langford, L.; Pelloski, C.; Aaron, J.; Burger, P.; Aldape, K. Assessment and prognostic significance of mitotic index using the mitosis marker phospho-histone H3 in low and intermediate-grade infiltrating astrocytomas. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2006 May;30(5):657-664.

    Gallia, G.L.; Burger, P.C.; Suk, I.; Bagley, C.A.; Wolinsky, J.P.; Garonzik, I.M.; Gokaslan, Z.L. Concomitant conus medullaris ependymoma and filum terminale lipoma: case report. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jun;58(6):E1214; discussion E1214.

    Griffin, C.A.; Burger, P.; Morsberger, L.; Yonescu, R.; Swierczynski, S.; Weingart, J.D.; Murphy, K.M. Identification of der(1;19)(q10;p10) in five oligodendrogliomas suggests mechanism of concurrent 1p and 19q loss. Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology. 2006 Oct;65(10):988-994.

    Henderson, G.S.; van Diest, P.J.; Burger, H.; Russo, J.; Raman, V. Expression pattern of a homeotic gene, HOXA5, in normal breast and in breast tumors. Cell Oncol. 2006;28(5-6):305-313.

    Hourani, R.; Horska, A.; Albayram, S.; Brant, L.J.; Melhem, E.; Cohen, K.J.; Burger, P.C.; Weingart, J.D.; Carson, B.; Wharam, M.D.; Barker, P.B. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging to differentiate between nonneoplastic lesions and brain tumors in children. Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI. 2006 Feb;23(2):99-107.

    Khanani, M.F.; Hawkins, C.; Shroff, M.; Dirks, P.; Capra, M.; Burger, P.C.; Bouffet, E. Pilomyxoid astrocytoma in a patient with neurofibromatosis. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2006 Mar;46(3):377-380.

    Oblinger, J.L.; Pearl, D.K.; Boardman, C.L.; Saqr, H.; Prior, T.W.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Jenkins, R.B.; Burger, P.C.; Yates, A.J. Diagnostic and prognostic value of glycosyltransferase mRNA in glioblastoma multiforme patients. Neuropathology and applied neurobiology. 2006 Aug;32(4):410-418.

    Packer, R.J.; Gajjar, A.; Vezina, G.; Rorke-Adams, L.; Burger, P.C.; Robertson, P.L.; Bayer, L.; LaFond, D.; Donahue, B.R.; Marymont, M.H.; Muraszko, K.; Langston, J.; Sposto, R. Phase III study of craniospinal radiation therapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for newly diagnosed average-risk medulloblastoma. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4202-4208.

    Stearns, D.; Chaudhry, A.; Abel, T.W.; Burger, P.C.; Dang, C.V.; Eberhart, C.G. c-myc overexpression causes anaplasia in medulloblastoma. Cancer Res. 2006 Jan 15;66(2):673-681.

    Aldape, K.; Burger, P.C.; Perry, A. Clinicopathologic aspects of 1p/19q loss and the diagnosis of oligodendroglioma. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine. 2007 Feb;131(2):242-251.

    Bookland, M.J.; Bagley, C.A.; Schwarz, J.; Burger, P.C.; Brem, H. Intracavernous trigeminal ganglion amyloidoma: case report. Neurosurgery. 2007 Mar;60(3):E574.

    Chumsri, S.; Matsui, W.; Burger, A.M. Therapeutic implications of leukemic stem cell pathways. Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Nov 15;13(22 Pt 1):6549-6554.

    Kretschmar, C.; Kleinberg, L.; Greenberg, M.; Burger, P.; Holmes, E.; Wharam, M. Pre-radiation chemotherapy with response-based radiation therapy in children with central nervous system germ cell tumors: a report from the Children''s Oncology Group. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2007 Mar;48(3):285-291.

    Louis, D.N.; Ohgaki, H.; Wiestler, O.D.; Cavenee, W.K.; Burger, P.C.; Jouvet, A.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Kleihues, P. The 2007 WHO classification of tumours of the central nervous system. Acta Neuropathol. 2007 Aug 2007;114((2)):97-109.

    Rodriguez, F.J., B. W. Scheithauer, P.D. Robbins, P. C. Burger, R. B. Hessler, A. Perry, P. C. Abell-Aleff, and G.W. Mierau. Ependymomas with neuronal differentiation: A morphologic and immunohistochemical spectrum. Acta Neuropathol. 2007;113:313-324.

    Rodriguez, F.J.; Eberhart, C.; O''Neill, B.P.; Slezak, J.; Burger, P.C.; Goldthwaite, P.; Wu, W.; Giannini, C. Histopathologic grading of adult medulloblastomas. Cancer. 2007 Jun 15;109(12):2557-2565.

    Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Jenkins, R.; Burger, P.C.; Rudzinskiy, P.; Vlodavsky, E.; Schooley, A.; Landolfi, J. Gliosarcoma arising in oligodendroglial tumors ("oligosarcoma"): A clnicopathologic study. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 March 31((3)):351-362.

    Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Jenkins, R.; Burger, P.C.; Rudzinskiy, P.; Vlodavsky, E.; Schooley, A.; Landolfi, J. Gliosarcoma arising in oligodendroglial tumors ("oligosarcoma"): a clinicopathologic study. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2007 Mar;31(3):351-362.

    Sanders, R.P., M. Kocak, P.C. Burger, T.E. Merchant, A. Gajjar, and A. Broniscer. High grade astrocytoma in very young children. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2007;49:888-893.

    Bar, E.E.; Lin, A.; Tihan, T.; Burger, P.C.; Eberhart, C.G. Frequent gains at chromosome 7q34 involving BRAF in pilocytic astrocytoma. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2008 Sep;67(9):878-887.

    Davis, F.G.; Malmer, B.S.; Aldape, K.; Barnholtz-Sloan, J.S.; Bondy, M.L.; Brannstrom, T.; Bruner, J.M.; Burger, P.C.; Collins, V.P.; Inskip, P.D.; Kruchko, C.; McCarthy, B.J.; McLendon, R.E.; Sadetzki, S.; Tihan, T.; Wrensch, M.R.; Buffler, P.A. Issues of diagnostic review in brain tumor studies: from the Brain Tumor Epidemiology Consortium. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2008 Mar;17(3):484-489.

    Fisher, P.G.; Tihan, T.; Goldthwaite, P.T.; Wharam, M.D.; Carson, B.S.; Weingart, J.D.; Repka, M.X.; Cohen, K.J.; Burger, P.C. Outcome analysis of childhood low-grade astrocytomas. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2008 Aug;51(2):245-250.

    Gessi, M.; Giangaspero, F.; Lauriola, L.; Gardiman, M.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Halliday, W.; Hawkins, C.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Burger, P.C.; Eberhart, C.G. Embryonal Tumors With Abundant Neuropil and True Rosettes: A Distinctive CNS Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor. Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Nov 3.

    Giannini, C.; Burger, P.C.; Berkey, B.A.; Cairncross, J.G.; Jenkins, R.B.; Mehta, M.; Curran, W.J.; Aldape, K. Anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors: refining the correlation among histopathology, 1p 19q deletion and clinical outcome in Intergroup Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Trial 9402. Brain pathology (Zurich, Switzerland). 2008 Jul;18(3):360-369.

    Gilles, F.H.; Tavare, C.J.; Becker, L.E.; Burger, P.C.; Yates, A.J.; Pollack, I.F.; Finlay, J.L. Pathologist interobserver variability of histologic features in childhood brain tumors: results from the CCG-945 study. Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society. 2008 Mar-Apr;11(2):108-117.

    Komotar, R.J.; Zacharia, B.E.; Sughrue, M.E.; Mocco, J.; Carson, B.S.; Tihan, T.; Otten, M.L.; Burger, P.C.; Garvin, J.H.; Khandji, A.G.; Anderson, R.C. Magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of pilomyxoid astrocytoma. Neurological research. 2008 Nov;30(9):945-951.

    McCarthy, B.J.; Propp, J.M.; Davis, F.G.; Burger, P.C. Time trends in oligodendroglial and astrocytic tumor incidence. Neuroepidemiology. 2008;30(1):34-44.

    McGirt, M.J.; Chaichana, K.L.; Attenello, F.J.; Weingart, J.D.; Than, K.; Burger, P.C.; Olivi, A.; Brem, H.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A. Extent of surgical resection is independently associated with survival in patients with hemispheric infiltrating low-grade gliomas. Neurosurgery. 2008 Oct;63(4):700-707; author reply 707-708.

    Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Perry, A.; Oliveira, A.M.; Jenkins, R.B.; Oviedo, A.; Mork, S.J.; Palmer, C.A.; Burger, P.C. Ependymal tumors with sarcomatous change ("ependymosarcoma"): a clinicopathologic and molecular cytogenetic study. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2008 May;32(5):699-709.

    Swain, R.S.; Tihan, T.; Horvai, A.E.; Di Vizio, D.; Loda, M.; Burger, P.C.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Kim, G.E. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the central nervous system and its relationship to inflammatory pseudotumor. Human pathology. 2008 Mar;39(3):410-419.

    Tihan, T.; Zhou, T.; Holmes, E.; Burger, P.C.; Ozuysal, S.; Rushing, E.J. The prognostic value of histological grading of posterior fossa ependymomas in children: a Children''s Oncology Group study and a review of prognostic factors. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc. 2008 Feb;21(2):165-177.

    Chaichana, K.L.; McGirt, M.J.; Niranjan, A.; Olivi, A.; Burger, P.C.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A. Prognostic significance of contrast-enhancing low-grade gliomas in adults and a review of the literature. Neurological research. 2009 Nov;31(9):931-939.

    Chi, S.N.; Zimmerman, M.A.; Yao, X.; Cohen, K.J.; Burger, P.; Biegel, J.A.; Rorke-Adams, L.B.; Fisher, M.J.; Janss, A.; Mazewski, C.; Goldman, S.; Manley, P.E.; Bowers, D.C.; Bendel, A.; Rubin, J.; Turner, C.D.; Marcus, K.J.; Goumnerova, L.; Ullrich, N.J.; Kieran, M.W. Intensive multimodality treatment for children with newly diagnosed CNS atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2009 Jan 20;27(3):385-389.

    Gessi, M.; Giangaspero, F.; Lauriola, L.; Gardiman, M.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Halliday, W.; Hawkins, C.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Burger, P.C.; Eberhart, C.G. Embryonal tumors with abundant neuropil and true rosettes: a distinctive CNS primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Am J Surg Pathol. 2009 Feb;33(2):211-217.

    Johnson, M.W.; Burger, P.C. Intramedullary amputation neuromas associated with spinal ependymomas. Am J Surg Pathol. 2009 Apr;33(4):639-643.

    Johnson, M.W.; Lin, D.; Smir, B.N.; Burger, P.C. Lipoglioblastoma: a lipidized glioma radiologically and histologically mimicking adipose tissue. Surgical neurology. 2009 Oct 12.

    Lu, J.Q.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Sharma, P.; Scott, J.N.; Parney, I.F.; Hader, W.; Burger, P.C.; Clark, A.W. Multifocal complex glioneuronal tumor in an elderly man: an autopsy study: case report. Neurosurgery. 2009 Jun;64(6):E1193-1195; discussion E1195.

    Perry, A.; Miller, C.R.; Gujrati, M.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Zambrano, S.C.; Jost, S.C.; Raghavan, R.; Qian, J.; Cochran, E.J.; Huse, J.T.; Holland, E.C.; Burger, P.C.; Rosenblum, M.K. Malignant gliomas with primitive neuroectodermal tumor-like components: a clinicopathologic and genetic study of 53 cases. Brain Pathol. 2009 Jan;19(1):81-90.

    Scheithauer, B.W.; Erdogan, S.; Rodriguez, F.J.; Burger, P.C.; Woodruff, J.M.; Kros, J.M.; Gokden, M.; Spinner, R.J. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors of Cranial Nerves and Intracranial Contents: A Clinicopathologic Study of 17 Cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2009 Dec 5;33(3):325-338.

    Shakur, S.F.; McGirt, M.J.; Johnson, M.W.; Burger, P.C.; Ahn, E.; Carson, B.S.; Jallo, G.I. Angiocentric glioma: a case series. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Mar;3(3):197-202.

    Sperduto, C.M.; Chakravarti, A.; Aldape, K.; Burger, P.; Papermaster, G.B.; Sperduto, P. Twenty-year survival in glioblastoma: a case report and molecular profile. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics. 2009 Nov 15;75(4):1162-1165.

    Bramlage, R.J.; Lahaye, L.; Burger, C.; Mueller, M.; Wirtz, D.C.; Weber, O. [Correction of a post-traumatic femoral length difference using an intramedullary distraction nail]. Z Orthop Unfall. 2010 Sep;148(5):585-588.

    Frazier, J.L.; Johnson, M.W.; Burger, P.C.; Weingart, J.D.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A. Rapid malignant transformation of low-grade astrocytomas: report of 2 cases and review of the literature. World neurosurgery. 2010;73(1):53-62; discussion e55.

    Hales, R.K.; Shokek, O.; Burger, P.C.; Paynter, N.P.; Chaichana, K.L.; Quinones-Hinojosa, A.; Jallo, G.I.; Cohen, K.J.; Song, D.Y.; Carson, B.S.; Wharam, M.D. Prognostic factors in pediatric high-grade astrocytoma: the importance of accurate pathologic diagnosis. Journal of neuro-oncology. 2010;99(1):65-71.

    Johnson, M.W.; Eberhart, C.G.; Perry, A.; Tihan, T.; Cohen, K.J.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Rais-Bahrami, S.; Goldthwaite, P.; Burger, P.C. Spectrum of pilomyxoid astrocytomas: intermediate pilomyxoid tumors. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2010;34(12):1783-1791.

    Johnson, M.W.; Lin, D.; Smir, B.N.; Burger, P.C. Lipoglioblastoma: a lipidized glioma radiologically and histologically mimicking adipose tissue. World neurosurgery. 2010;73(2):108-111.

    Parsons, D.W.; Li, M.; Zhang, X.; Jones, S.; Leary, R.J.; Lin, J.C.; Boca, S.M.; Carter, H.; Samayoa, J.; Bettegowda, C.; Gallia, G.L.; Jallo, G.I.; Binder, Z.A.; Nikolsky, Y.; Hartigan, J.; Smith, D.R.; Gerhard, D.S.; Fults, D.W.; Vandenberg, S.; Berger, M.S.; Marie, S.K.; Shinjo, S.M.; Clara, C.; Phillips, P.C.; Minturn, J.E.; Biegel, J.A.; Judkins, A.R.; Resnick, A.C.; Storm, P.B.; Curran, T.; He, Y.; Rasheed, B.A.; Friedman, H.S.; Keir, S.T.; McLendon, R.; Northcott, P.A.; Taylor, M.D.; Burger, P.C.; Riggins, G.J.; Karchin, R.; Parmigiani, G.; Bigner, D.D.; Yan, H.; Papadopoulos, N.; Vogelstein, B.; Kinzler, K.W.; Velculescu, V.E. The Genetic Landscape of the Childhood Cancer Medulloblastoma. Science. 2010 Dec 16.

    Pollack, I.F.; Hamilton, R.L.; Burger, P.C.; Brat, D.J.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Murdoch, G.H.; Nikiforova, M.N.; Holmes, E.J.; Zhou, T.; Cohen, K.J.; Jakacki, R.I.; Children''s Oncology, G. Akt activation is a common event in pediatric malignant gliomas and a potential adverse prognostic marker: a report from the Children''s Oncology Group. Journal of neuro-oncology. 2010;99(2):155-163.

    Pollack, I.F.; Hamilton, R.L.; Sobol, R.W.; Nikiforova, M.N.; Nikiforov, Y.E.; Lyons-Weiler, M.A.; LaFramboise, W.A.; Burger, P.C.; Brat, D.J.; Rosenblum, M.K.; Gilles, F.H.; Yates, A.J.; Zhou, T.; Cohen, K.J.; Finlay, J.L.; Jakacki, R.I.; Children''s Oncology, G. Mismatch repair deficiency is an uncommon mechanism of alkylator resistance in pediatric malignant gliomas: a report from the Children''s Oncology Group. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2010;55(6):1066-1071.

    Rodriguez, F.J.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Burger, P.C.; Jenkins, S.; Giannini, C. Anaplasia in pilocytic astrocytoma predicts aggressive behavior. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2010;34(2):147-160.

    Weber, O.; Burger, C.; Stein, G.; Gravius, S.; Wirtz, D.C.; Pennekamp, P.H.; Kraft, C.N.; Muller, M. [Endoprosthesis for the fractured elbow: uni- and bicompartmental alloarthroplasty of the humero-ulnar joint]. Unfallchirurg. 2010 Dec;113(12):977-983.

    Weber, O.; Goost, H.; Mueller, M.; Burger, C.; Wirtz, D.; Pagenstert, G.; Gravius, S. Mid-Term Results after Post-Traumatic Knee Joint Replacement in Elderly Patients. Z Orthop Unfall. 2010 Apr 13.
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    The Johns Hopkins Hospital
    600 N. Wolfe Street
    Hospital Main Entrance - Sheikh Zayed Tower
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-955-8378
    Appointment Phone: 410-955-8378
    Fax: 410-614-9310
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    Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center
    601 N. Caroline Street
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-955-8378
    Appointment Phone: 410-955-8378
    Fax: 410-614-9310
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