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Jeffrey B. Palmer, M.D.

Director, Oral Functional & Swallowing Laboratory
Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


Appointment Phone


Main Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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Call +1-410-502-7683 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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  • Director, Oral Functional & Swallowing Laboratory
  • The Lawrence Cardinal Shehan Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Professor of Functional Anatomy and Evolution
  • Professor of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

Centers & Institutes



The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-614-4030

600 N. Wolfe Street
Sheikh Zayed Tower
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-502-2427
Fax: 410-769-1243

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center

Appointment Phone: 410-550-7800

4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224 map


Amputee Rehabilitation, Back Disorders, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease, Dysphagia Evaluation - Adults, Geriatric Rehabilitation, Lumbar Degenerative Disease, Neurologic Rehabilitation, Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation, Spinal Cord Dysfunction, Spinal Cord Injury, Spinal Disorders, Spinal Stenosis, Spondylolisthesis, Swallowing Center (See also Radiology Dept.), Swallowing Disorders

Research Interests

Mastication; Rehabilitation in critical care; Stroke; Neuromuscular disease; Biomechanics; Swallowing and its disorders


Dr. Jeffrey Palmer is a professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation and otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is the Lawrence Cardinal Shehan Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, where he serves as the director of the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. He also directs the Swallowing Disorders Program and the Oral Functional & Swallowing Laboratory at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Dr. Palmer is the Physiatrist-in-Chief at The Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Dr. Palmer obtained his undergraduate and medical degrees from New York University. He completed a residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation at the University of Washington. Dr. Palmer has been a member of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine faculty since 1983.

He is internationally known for his research on swallowing and its disorders, which was supported by the National Institutes of Health for more than 20 years. His research currently focuses on neural control of mastication and swallowing and dynamic imaging of swallowing with videofluoroscopy and four-dimensional computed tomography.

Dr. Palmer is the editor-in-chief of Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports and has served on the editorial board of the journal Dysphagia since its inception. He serves on the Board of Trustees of the Association of Academic Physiatrists and Past-President of the Dysphagia Research Association. He is an honorary member of the Japanese Society for Dysphagia Rehabilitation, an honorary member of the Honorary International Member of the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine and a fellow of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. more

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Dr. Jeffrey Palmer, MD, Director, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

    Additional Information

  • Education +
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    Dr. Palmer’s laboratory focuses on understanding the kinesiology and biomechanics of swallowing, with special attention to the integration of mastication and swallowing and to the motor control of the tongue and jaw. Studies use videofluoroscopy (x-ray video), dynamic CT scanning, and measurements of muscle activity (EMG) and respiration to analyze control of eating, swallowing, and breathing in both healthy volunteers and individuals with stroke and neurological disease.

    Dr. Palmer is a world leader in research on swallowing and its disorders. He has trained more than 25 postdoctoral research fellows, of whom many serve as faculty members in universities around the world.

    Selected Publications

    Representative recent publications:

    1. Palmer JB, Hiiemae KM, Matsuo K, Haishima H: Volitional control of food transport and bolus formation during feeding. Physiology and Behavior 91:6670, 2007.
    2. Matsuo K, Hiiemae KM, Gonzalez-Fernandez, M, Palmer JB: Respiration during feeding on solid food: Alterations in breathing during mastication, pharyngeal bolus aggregation and swallowing. J Appl Physiol 104: 674-681, 2008. Published on line December, 2007; DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00527.2007.
    3. Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Kuhlemeier K, Palmer J: Racial Disparities in the Development of Dysphagia after Stroke: Analysis of the California (MIRCal) and New York (SPARCS) Inpatient Databases. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:1358-1365, 2008; DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2008.02.016.
    4. Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Kleinman JT, Ky PKS, Palmer JB, Hillis AE: Supratentorial regions of acute ischemia associated with clinically important swallowing disorders: A pilot study. Stroke 39:3022-3028, 2008. Published on line August, 2008; DOI 10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.518969.
    5. Matsuo K, Palmer JB: Anatomy and physiology of feeding and swallowing normal and abnormal. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America 19:691-707, 2008.
    6. Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Gardyn M, Wyckoff S, Ky PK, Palmer JB: Validation of ICD-9 code 787.2 for identification of individuals with dysphagia from administrative databases. Dysphagia 24:398-402, 2009. Published on line 28 April, 2009; DOI: 10.1007/s00455-009-9216-1.
    7. Matsuo K, Palmer JB. Kinematic linkage of the tongue, jaw, and hyoid during eating and speech. Arch Oral Biol 55:325 331, 2010; DOI:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2010.02.008.
    8. Needham DM, Korupolu R, Zanni JM, Pradhan P, Conlantuoni E, Palmer JB, Brower RG, Fan E: Early physical medicine and rehabilitation for patients with acute respiratory failure: a quality improvement project. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91(4):536-42, 2010; DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2010.01.002.
    9. Zanni JM, Korupolu R, Fan E, Pradhan PB, Janjua K, Palmer JB, Brower RG, Needham DM: Rehabilitation therapy and outcomes in acute respiratory failure: An observational pilot project. Journal of Critical Care 25:254-262, 2010; DOI:10.1016/j.jcrc.2009.10.010.
    10. Matsuo K, Metani H, Mays K, Palmer JB: Effects of respiration on soft palate movement in feeding. J Dent Res 89(12):1401-1406, 2010; DOI: 10.1177/0022034510377336
    11. Fujii N, Inamoto Y, Saitoh E, Baba M, Okada S, Yoshioka S, Nakai T, Ida Y, Katada K, Palmer JB: Evaluation of swallowing using 320-detector row multislice CT. Part I: Single- and multiphase volume scanning for three-dimensional morphological and kinematic analysis. Dysphagia, in press. DOI: 10.1007/s00455-009-9268-2.
    12. Inamoto Y, Fujii N, Saitoh E, Baba M, Okada S, Katada K, Ozeki Y, Kanamori D, Palmer JB: Evaluation of swallowing using 320-detector row multislice CT. Part II: Kinematic analysis of laryngeal closure during normal swallowing. Dysphagia, in press. DOI: 10.1007/s00455-010-9276-2.
    13. Lord RK, Mayhew CR, Korupolu R, Mantheiy EC, Friedman MA, Palmer JB, Needham DM. "ICU Early Physical Rehabilitation Programs: Financial Modeling of Cost Savings." Critical Care Medicine, 2013 Mar;41(3):717-24.
    14. Inamoto Y, Saitoh E, Okada S, Kagaya H, Shibata S, Ohta K, Baba M, Fujii N, Katada K, Wattanapan P, Palmer JB. "The effect of bolus viscosity on laryngeal closure in swallowing. Kinematic analysis using 320-row area detector CT." Dysphagia. 2013 Mar;28(1):33-42.
    15. Taniguchi H, Matsuo K, Okazaki H, Yoda M, Inokuchi M, Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Inoue M, Palmer JB. "Fluoroscopic evaluation of tongue and jaw movement during mastication in healthy humans." Dysphagia. 2013 Sep;28(3):419-27.
  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +


    • Phi Beta Kappa, 1976
    • Young Investigator Award, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education and Research Foundation, 1986
    • Visiting Professor, Dept. of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1989
    • Invited to join the Society of Oral Physiology, 1999
    • Keynote speaker, Japanese Society of Dysphagia Rehabilitation, Kurashiki, Japan, 2000
    • Visiting Professor, Fujita Health University, Aiichi, Japan, 2000
    • Honorary member, Japanese Society for Dysphagia Rehabilitation, 2001
    • Fellow, American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2008
    • Listed in Who's Who in America, by Marquis Who's Who, 2010
    • The B. Stanley Cohen Lectureship, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, 2010
    • Visiting Professor, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, 2010


    • American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    • American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine
    • American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
    • Association of Academic Physiatrists
      Member at Large
    • Dysphagia Research Society
      Past President

    Professional Activities

    • Board of Trustees, Association of Academic Physiatrists
    • Editorial board, Dysphagia
    • Editorial board, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    • Motor Function, Speech, and Rehabilitation Study Section, National Institutes of Health
    • Past president, Dysphagia Research Society
    • Keynote speaker, Japanese Society of Dysphagia Rehabilitation, Japan, 2000
    • Editor-in-chief, Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports, 2013
  • Videos & Media +
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