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Jeffrey Bruce Palmer, MD

Physiatrist-in-Chief, The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Male
Appointment Phone

410-614-4030

Main Location

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

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Out-of-State & International Patients +
Out of State Patients

Call 410-464-6641 (8a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

Learn more about our out-of-state patient services »

International Patients

Call +1-410-502-0773 (7a.m. to 6p.m., EST, Mon-Fri)

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Titles

  • Physiatrist-in-Chief, The Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Director, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Director, Oral Functional & Swallowing Laboratory
  • The Lawrence Cardinal Shehan Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Professor of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Centers & Institutes

  • Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality
  • Blaustein Pain Treatment Center
  • Functional Anatomy and Evolution, Center for
  • Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Center
  • Swallowing Disorders Program

Expertise

Amputee Rehabilitation, Back Disorders, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease, Dysphagia Evaluation - Adults, Geriatric Rehabilitation, Lumbar Degenerative Disease, Neurologic Rehabilitation, Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation, Spinal Cord Dysfunction, Spinal Cord Injury, Spinal Disorders, Spinal Stenosis, Spondylolisthesis, Swallowing Center (See also Radiology Dept.), Swallowing Disorders

Research Interests

Stroke; Rehabilitation in critical care; Mastication; Neuromuscular disease; Biomechanics; Swallowing and its disorders

Biography

Dr. Jeffrey Palmer is a professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation and otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is the Lawrence Cardinal Shehan Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, where he serves as the director of the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. He also directs the Swallowing Disorders Program and the Oral Functional & Swallowing Laboratory at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Dr. Palmer is the Physiatrist-in-Chief at The Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Dr. Palmer obtained his undergraduate and medical degrees from New York University. He completed a residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation at the University of Washington. Dr. Palmer has been a member of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine faculty since 1983.

He is internationally known for his research on swallowing and its disorders, which was supported by the National Institutes of Health for more than 20 years. His research currently focuses on neural control of mastication and swallowing and dynamic imaging of swallowing with videofluoroscopy and four-dimensional computed tomography.

Dr. Palmer is the editor-in-chief of Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports and has served on the editorial board of the journal Dysphagia since its inception. He serves on the Board of Trustees of the Association of Academic Physiatrists and Past-President of the Dysphagia Research Association. He is an honorary member of the Japanese Society for Dysphagia Rehabilitation, an honorary member of the Honorary International Member of the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine and a fellow of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Languages

  • English

Memberships

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Fellow)
Association of Academic Physiatrists (Member at Large)
Dysphagia Research Society (Past President)
American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (Fellow)
American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (Fellow)

Additional Resources

Additional Resources +
  • Education +

    Training

    • New York University School of Medicine (New York NY) (1980)

    Residencies

    • University of Washington (Seattle WA) - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (1983)

    Certifications

    • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehab (1984)
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    Dr. Palmer’s laboratory focuses on understanding the kinesiology and biomechanics of swallowing, with special attention to the integration of mastication and swallowing and to the motor control of the tongue and jaw. Studies use videofluoroscopy (x-ray video), dynamic CT scanning, and measurements of muscle activity (EMG) and respiration to analyze control of eating, swallowing, and breathing in both healthy volunteers and individuals with stroke and neurological disease.

    Dr. Palmer is a world leader in research on swallowing and its disorders. He has trained more than 25 postdoctoral research fellows, of whom many serve as faculty members in universities around the world.

    Selected Publications

    Representative recent publications:

    1. Palmer JB, Hiiemae KM, Matsuo K, Haishima H: Volitional control of food transport and bolus formation during feeding. Physiology and Behavior 91:6670, 2007.
    2. Matsuo K, Hiiemae KM, Gonzalez-Fernandez, M, Palmer JB: Respiration during feeding on solid food: Alterations in breathing during mastication, pharyngeal bolus aggregation and swallowing. J Appl Physiol 104: 674-681, 2008. Published on line December, 2007; DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00527.2007.
    3. Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Kuhlemeier K, Palmer J: Racial Disparities in the Development of Dysphagia after Stroke: Analysis of the California (MIRCal) and New York (SPARCS) Inpatient Databases. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:1358-1365, 2008; DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2008.02.016.
    4. Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Kleinman JT, Ky PKS, Palmer JB, Hillis AE: Supratentorial regions of acute ischemia associated with clinically important swallowing disorders: A pilot study. Stroke 39:3022-3028, 2008. Published on line August, 2008; DOI 10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.518969.
    5. Matsuo K, Palmer JB: Anatomy and physiology of feeding and swallowing normal and abnormal. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America 19:691-707, 2008.
    6. Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Gardyn M, Wyckoff S, Ky PK, Palmer JB: Validation of ICD-9 code 787.2 for identification of individuals with dysphagia from administrative databases. Dysphagia 24:398-402, 2009. Published on line 28 April, 2009; DOI: 10.1007/s00455-009-9216-1.
    7. Matsuo K, Palmer JB. Kinematic linkage of the tongue, jaw, and hyoid during eating and speech. Arch Oral Biol 55:325 331, 2010; DOI:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2010.02.008.
    8. Needham DM, Korupolu R, Zanni JM, Pradhan P, Conlantuoni E, Palmer JB, Brower RG, Fan E: Early physical medicine and rehabilitation for patients with acute respiratory failure: a quality improvement project. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91(4):536-42, 2010; DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2010.01.002.
    9. Zanni JM, Korupolu R, Fan E, Pradhan PB, Janjua K, Palmer JB, Brower RG, Needham DM: Rehabilitation therapy and outcomes in acute respiratory failure: An observational pilot project. Journal of Critical Care 25:254-262, 2010; DOI:10.1016/j.jcrc.2009.10.010.
    10. Matsuo K, Metani H, Mays K, Palmer JB: Effects of respiration on soft palate movement in feeding. J Dent Res 89(12):1401-1406, 2010; DOI: 10.1177/0022034510377336
    11. Fujii N, Inamoto Y, Saitoh E, Baba M, Okada S, Yoshioka S, Nakai T, Ida Y, Katada K, Palmer JB: Evaluation of swallowing using 320-detector row multislice CT. Part I: Single- and multiphase volume scanning for three-dimensional morphological and kinematic analysis. Dysphagia, in press. DOI: 10.1007/s00455-009-9268-2.
    12. Inamoto Y, Fujii N, Saitoh E, Baba M, Okada S, Katada K, Ozeki Y, Kanamori D, Palmer JB: Evaluation of swallowing using 320-detector row multislice CT. Part II: Kinematic analysis of laryngeal closure during normal swallowing. Dysphagia, in press. DOI: 10.1007/s00455-010-9276-2.
    13. Lord RK, Mayhew CR, Korupolu R, Mantheiy EC, Friedman MA, Palmer JB, Needham DM. “ICU Early Physical Rehabilitation Programs: Financial Modeling of Cost Savings.” Critical Care Medicine, 2013 Mar;41(3):717-24.
    14. Inamoto Y, Saitoh E, Okada S, Kagaya H, Shibata S, Ohta K, Baba M, Fujii N, Katada K, Wattanapan P, Palmer JB. “The effect of bolus viscosity on laryngeal closure in swallowing. Kinematic analysis using 320-row area detector CT.” Dysphagia. 2013 Mar;28(1):33-42.
    15. Taniguchi H, Matsuo K, Okazaki H, Yoda M, Inokuchi M, Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Inoue M, Palmer JB. “Fluoroscopic evaluation of tongue and jaw movement during mastication in healthy humans.” Dysphagia. 2013 Sep;28(3):419-27.
  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +

    Honors

    The B. Stanley Cohen Lectureship, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, 2010

    Visiting Professor, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, 2010

    Who’s Who in America, Marquis Who’s Who, 2010

    Fellow, American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2008

    Honorary member, Japanese Society for Dysphagia Rehabilitation, 2001

    Visiting professor, Fujita Health University, Aiichi, Japan, 2000

    Keynote speaker, Japanese Society of Dysphagia Rehabilitation, Kurashiki, Japan, 2000

    Invited to join the Society of Oral Physiology, 1999

    Visiting Professor, Dept. of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1989

    Young Investigator Award, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education and Research Foundation, 1986

    Phi Beta Kappa, 1976

    Professional Activities

    Editor-in-chief, Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports, 2013 - present

    Visiting Professor, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, 2010

    Board of Trustees, Association of Academic Physiatrists

    Honorary International Member, Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine

    Past president, Dysphagia Research Society

    Member-at-large, Association of Academic Physiatrists

    Motor Function, Speech, and Rehabilitation Study Section, National Institutes of Health

    Editorial board, Dysphagia

    Editorial board, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

    Fellow, American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2008

    Honorary member, Japanese Society for Dysphagia Rehabilitation, 2001

    Visiting professor, Fujita Health University, Aiichi, Japan, 2000

    Keynote speaker, Japanese Society of Dysphagia Rehabilitation, Kurashiki, Japan, 2000

    Visiting Professor, Dept. of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1989

  • Videos & Media +

    Videos

    Dr. Jeffrey Palmer, MD, Director, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

    Dr. Palmer is the director and physiatrist-in-chief of the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. His clinical interests include dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), neurological disorders and stroke, and spinal cord injuries and disorders.

  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +

    Locations

    The Johns Hopkins Hospital
    600 N. Wolfe Street
    Hospital Main Entrance - Sheikh Zayed Tower
    Baltimore, MD 21287
    Phone: 410-502-2427
    Appointment Phone: 410-614-4030
    Fax: 410-769-1243
    Location Map
    Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
    4940 Eastern Avenue
    Baltimore, MD 21224
    Appointment Phone: 410-550-7800
    Location Map

    Department/Division

    • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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