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Unconscious Bias

This Analysis in Brief reviews the scientific literature on the theory of unconscious bias, explores the role of unconscious bias in job recruitment and evaluations, and provides strategies to combat bias in evaluating job candidates.

A large body of compelling scientific research has demonstrated that unconscious or implicit bias influences not only individuals’ perception and attitudes but also their actions and behaviors. Implicit bias is unintentional, automatic, pervasive and typically triggered by situational cues (e.g., a person’s skin color, manner of speech, cultural attire). The Implicit Association Test, developed by scientists, Tony Greenwald and Mahzrain Banaji, is used to assess unconscious biases.

Gender Bias

Gender Bias in Academic Medicine - Medical schools and teaching hospitals are paying greater attention to the importance of gender equity.  Despite the increased representation of women entering medical school, few advance to become full professors. In this article, the author argues that unconscious biases, perceptions, judgments and the accumulation of advantage have contributed to this problem. The author concludes with practical solutions that institutions can implement in order to increase gender equity.