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Current News Releases
Current News Releases
Going to the gynecologist can be a little daunting. You’re not sure what questions you should be asking or if there are certain things that should be brought to your doctor’s attention. From understanding screening and prevention methods for gynecologic cancers to simply knowing what to look out for, our experts are here to ease the worry and help you understand your body even better.
Male rats without testosterone have weaker anterior cruciate ligaments (ACLs) than those with it
In studies on rats, Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists report new evidence that the predominance of the hormone testosterone in males may explain why women are up to 10 times more likely than men to injure the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in their knees.
Johns Hopkins faculty members publish in collection of discussion papers to provide guidance to policymakers
Patients deserve valid and transparent measures of quality in health care, but a lack of standards and auditing for these measures can misinform consumers rather than guide their health care choices, say researchers from the Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality.
Working with animals, a team of scientists reports it has delivered stem cells to the brain with unprecedented precision by threading a catheter through an artery and infusing the cells under real-time MRI guidance
Using the results from a computerized mathematical model, Johns Hopkins researchers investigated whether they could improve heart and lung transplantation procedures by transferring patients from low-volume to high-volume transplant centers.
Gregg L. Semenza, M.D., Ph.D., whose discoveries on how cells respond to low oxygen levels could result in treatments for illnesses ranging from cancer to diabetes, today was among three researchers given the 2016 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award.
Results suggest a role for blood vessels themselves in controlling blood pressure
Several large international groups of researchers report data that more than doubles the number of sites in the human genome tied to blood pressure regulation. One of the studies, by Johns Hopkins University scientists in collaboration with many other groups, turned up unexpected hints that biochemical signals controlling blood pressure may spring from within cells that line blood vessels themselves.
Anticancer compound becomes more soluble and selective after glucose is attached
A chemical biologist and his colleagues at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine report that the antigrowth activity of the small molecule triptolide, tested in human cells and mice, is vastly improved by the chemical attachment of glucose to the triptolide molecule. The chemical add-on makes the molecule more soluble and essentially turns it into a “cruise missile” that preferentially seeks out cancer cells, the research says. The change might also decrease side effects in patients and make the drug easier to administer.
Tests of “repurposed” drug to modify immune system response to tuberculosis show increased drug resistance in patients
Johns Hopkins researchers report evidence from mouse studies that a “repurposed” drug that would be expected to improve the immune system response of tuberculosis patients may be increasing resistance to the antibiotic drugs these patients must also take.
Federal CMS measures sometimes fail to tell the whole story
A group of Johns Hopkins physicians and researchers today published an article in the Journal of Hospital Medicine suggesting that data on mortality and hospital readmission used by the United States Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) suggest a potentially problematic relationship.
Study adds to evidence that very low diastolic blood pressure is linked to heart damage
By analyzing medical records gathered over three decades on more than 11,000 Americans participating in a federally funded study, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have more evidence that driving diastolic blood pressure too low is associated with damage to heart tissue.
The Johns Hopkins Medicine Research Council has announced the 2016 Discovery Fund Synergy Awards and Innovation Awards. Established in 2014, these awards support new collaborative research projects and are meant to spark new synergistic interactions between investigators to generate scientific achievements of the highest quality and impact.
Partnership of government, academics and industry will develop new ways of studying and screening drugs for major psychiatric illnesses
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies will co-lead a $15.4 million effort to develop new systems for quickly screening libraries of drugs for potential effectiveness against schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has announced.
As the number of patients with Zika virus grows worldwide, Johns Hopkins Medicine announces the opening of the new Johns Hopkins Zika Center, dedicated to caring for pregnant women and newborn babies, but also men and women of all ages with the mosquito-borne and sexually transmitted virus.
Johns Hopkins researchers join collaborative group to screen 6,000 existing drugs in hopes of finding treatments for Zika Virus infection
Scientists report that a specialized drug screen test using lab-grown human cells has revealed two classes of compounds already in the pharmaceutical arsenal that may work against mosquito-borne Zika virus infections.
Experiments with food rewards show how rats form some memories
Johns Hopkins neuroscientists believe they have figured out how some mammals’ brains — in this case, rats — solve certain navigational problems. If there’s a “reward” at the end of the trip, like the chocolatey drink used in their study, specialized neurons in the hippocampus of the brain “replay” the route taken to get it, but backward. And the greater the reward, the more often the rats’ brains replay it.
Cancer researchers have long observed the value of treating patients with combinations of anti-cancer drugs that work better than single drug treatments. Now, in a new study using laboratory-grown cells and mice, Johns Hopkins scientists report that a method they used to track metabolic pathways heavily favored by cancer cells provides scientific evidence for combining anti-cancer drugs, including one in a nanoparticle format developed at Johns Hopkins, that specifically target those pathways.
A study by Johns Hopkins researchers of more than 13,000 people has found that even after accounting for such risk factors as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes, so-called morbid obesity appears to stand alone as a standout risk for heart failure, but not for other major types of heart disease.
With the Zika virus emerging as a public health concern worldwide, experts at Johns Hopkins Medicine are closely monitoring the spread of the mosquito-borne illness and offering useful information to help prevent transmission. To this end, a Zika virus website was created to provide up-to-date information, answers to common questions, and videos and additional resources in English, Spanish and Portuguese.
A so-called meta-analysis of reports on more than 4,000 patients suggests that almost one in three people discharged from hospital intensive care units (ICUs) has clinically important and persistent symptoms of depression, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine. In some patients, the symptoms can last for a year or more, and they are notably more likely in people with a history of psychological distress before an ICU stay, the investigators say.