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Signs and Symptoms of Skull Base Brain Tumors

Symptoms of skull base tumors depend on the type, location and size of the tumor or the specific condition. For example, tumors involving the skull base and nose can affect breathing and sense of smell. Some tumors in the pituitary gland can affect vision and swallowing.

Common symptoms of skull base tumors and conditions include:

  • Headaches
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Altered sense of smell
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Hearing loss

Other symptoms include:

  • Loss of balance
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Memory loss

Symptoms of most skull base tumors appear slowly. Skull base tumors are usually diagnosed when they grow and cause pressure on vital structures in the brain, such as the pituitary gland, the optic nerve and the carotid arteries.

To make an appointment or request a consultation, contact the Johns Hopkins Skull Base Tumor Center at 410-614-0585.


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