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Para-somnia literally means behaviors occurring at the time of sleep. In general, these behaviors occur during the transition from sleep-wake or during transitions within the different stages of sleep.

In most cases, parasomnias are infrequent and benign and do not require medical attention. A formal evaluation by a sleep specialist should be considered in the following situations:

  • Episodes result in injury to the individual or others
  • Episodes result in significant sleep disruption to the individual or members of their household
  • Episodes result in significant daytime dysfunction.

Some of the conditions categorized as parasomnias include:

  • Nightmares
  • Night terrors
  • Sleep walking
  • Bruxism (teeth grinding)
  • Sleep-related eating disorders
  • Somniloquy (talking in one’s sleep)

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