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HIV Dementia

The HIV (AIDS) virus can cause a progressive dementia. The symptoms of HIV dementia include: motor slowing, memory impairment and personality changes.

Before the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, dementia secondary to HIV infection of the brain was a common neurological manifestations of HIV. Today, HIV dementia is rare in patients who are being treated, but may still occur in some patients. Patients who are unaware of their HIV-status are particularly at high risk.


Hopkins clinicians recommend the Alzheimer's Association web resource known as Carefinder, It outlines how to plan ahead for patients with memory problems, and identifies care options, support services, and guidelines for how to coordinate care for persons with memory disorders. This interactive web-based tool permits you to identify resources that fit your needs.

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