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Neurology and Neurosurgery

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Diseases and Conditions

Our center is dedicated to evaluating and treating the various types of hydrocephalus. In patients who already have shunts, we also evaluate them for “shunt malfunction” as there are multiple ways by which shunts may not function optimally for a given condition.

What are the different types of hydrocephalus?

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) is commonly seen in older adults and is accompanied by some or all of the following symptoms including: gait imbalance, cognitive memory impairment and/or impaired bladder control.
  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus is due to an obstruction to communication between the ventricles of the brain and can present at any age with headaches, vision problems or any of the above symptoms.
  • Congenital Hydrocephalus can rarely present in middle age or later even though it has been present since birth for reasons that are not yet understood. The symptoms may be similar to those of normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Our goal is to eliminate the misdiagnosis that commonly occurs to our patients and provide the best medical and surgical treatment; so they can regain their health and continue to lead productive, meaningful lives.

Many of our patients have seen several other doctors before they find our specialized team. Our experience and expertise make us the best possible treatment center for the resolution of these types of conditions.

Early diagnosis and treatment improves the chance of a good recovery

The symptoms of NPH usually get worse over time if the condition is not treated, although some people may experience temporary improvements. While the success of treatment with shunts varies from person to person, some people recover almost completely after treatment and have a good quality of life.

More information:

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Maryland Patients

Thank you for your interest in the Hydrocephalus Center at Johns Hopkins. Learn how to request an appointment or refer a patient.

Adult Neurology: 410-955-9441
Pediatric Neurology: 410-955-4259
Adult Neurosurgery: 410-955-6406
Pediatric Neurosurgery: 410-955-7337


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