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Cortical Dysplasia

What is cortical dysplasia?

Cortical dysplasia refers to a congenital (present at birth) abnormality in the brain’s development.  As the brain naturally develops in utero, neurons (which grow in the innermost part of the brain) spread or migrate outward to the cerebral cortex.

Should these neurons fail to spread out and position correctly, the signals will misfire – triggering a seizure.

Treatment for cortical dysplasia

Anticonvulsants will typically be the first line of treatment offered for cortical dysplasia. Should these fail to control the seizures, surgery may be a viable option.

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For more information about cortical dysplasia or to meet with our doctors, request an appointment at the Epilepsy Center.


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