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Acute Encephalitis

Acute encephalitis is an inflammatory condition of the central nervous system. It is a complex and severe disease. Acute encephalitis can be caused by a wide variety of conditions, including:

  • Bacterial or viral infection in the brain
  • Ingestion of toxic substances
  • Complication of an infectious disease
  • Complication of an underlying malignancy

Symptoms of acute encephalitis can vary, depending on which part of the brain that is most affected. A few symptoms that may be common in patients with acute encephalitis include (but are not limited to):

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Confusion
  • Poor memory/memory loss
  • Disorientation
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Seizures
  • Weakness or numbness of arm or leg

Our Experts in the News

Johns Hopkins researchers are developing better guidelines for diagnosing encephalitis more quickly, and treating aggressively, to minimize brain damage. Learn more.

Dr. Arun Venkatesan describes the latest on diagnosing and treating encephalitis. Listen here.

Out-of-State and International Patients - Find Out More