Expanded Access Protocol Safety and Efficacy of Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin (Human) (VariZIGâ?¢) in Patients At-Risk of Varicella Infection
This study is to assess VariZIGâ?¢ for the treatment of patients at risk for developing serious complications from chicken pox.
Inclusion Criteria: â?¢Signed informed consent. â?¢Cangene Corporation VariZIGâ?¢ release requirement. â?¢Any of the following at-risk patients exposed to varicella: â?¦Immunocompromised pediatric or adult patients. â?¦Neonates (less than 1 year of age) and pre-term infants. â?¦Pregnant women. â?¦Newborns whose mothers had VZV infection shortly before delivery ( less than 5 days) or after ( less than 2 days) delivery. â?¢Healthy non-immune adults Exclusion Criteria: â?¢Hypersensitivity to blood or blood products, including intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) human immunoglobulin preparations. â?¢Selective immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency. â?¢Evidence of VZV infection. â?¢Evidence of zoster infection. â?¢Known immunity to VZV(previous varicella infection or varicella vaccination) â?¢Severely thrombocytopenic ( platelets less than 50 x 10x9 / L )
In most individuals, chicken pox or varicella zoster (VZV) infections are benign; however, in certain at-risk populations such as immunocompromised patients or infants VZV disease can produce significant morbidity and mortality. In such patients, varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) has been used to prevent or reduce the severity of VZV infections in at-risk patients exposed to individuals with active infections. Massachusetts Public Health Biologic Laboratories (Boston, MA) has discontinued manufacture of the only FDA approved VZIG product. Cangene Corporation (Winnipeg, Canada) is conducting this expanded access IND protocol for VariZIGâ?¢, which is a purified human immune globulin preparation made from plasma of donors with high anti-varicella antibody titers. This study is an open label, non-randomized, expanded access study that will make VariZIGâ?¢ available to eligible patients for whom there is no alternative licensed treatment while a pivotal study is conducted. The study will begin recruiting in February 2006 and will collect safety and basic efficacy data over 42 days following VariZIGâ?¢ administration. Physicians will be required to assess measures of varicella infection as well as provide study specific documentation
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