Chest wall tumors are rare. Like other cancers, tumors found in the chest wall may be malignant or benign. Malignant tumors must be treated. Benign tumors will be treated depending on where they are located and the symptoms they cause. If a tumor presses against a lung so that a patient can’t breathe, for example, then it must be treated.
Types of chest wall tumors
Tumors found in the chest wall are also categorized by whether they are primary tumors (starting in the chest wall) or metastatic tumors (spread to the chest wall from cancer that started elsewhere, like in the breast, for example). All metastatic tumors are malignant. In children, most chest wall tumors are primary tumors in children, while in adults, they are more often metastatic. Primary tumors start in the bones or muscles located in the chest wall.
The most common type of primary tumors found in the chest wall are sarcomas, tumors that start in bone or muscle tissue (and more rarely, other types of tissue).
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