The Johns Hopkins Sleep Medicine Program began in the mid-1970s, when a sleep research laboratory was established within the Department of Psychiatry at Baltimore City Hospitals (now Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center). Initially, it was a two-bed facility set up to evaluate patients with insomnia and narcolepsy.
In 1977, the laboratory was formally recognized and accredited by the American Sleep Disorders Association. Administratively, it was passed to the Department of Neurology and was used on a consultative basis by the Departments of Neurology, Otolaryngology, Psychiatry and Pulmonary Medicine.
The Department of Medicine assumed clinical and administrative direction for the newly named Baltimore Regional Sleep Disorders Center in 1981 and expanded the facility to four-beds. In 1989, the Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Center grew to seven beds and was moved to the Asthma & Allergy Center (located on the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center campus).
A second six-bed sleep laboratory was established at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in 2001. These adult testing facilities are now complemented by a four-bed pediatric sleep laboratory at the Mount Washington Pediatric Hospital.
The Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Center—which includes sleep centers at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center and The Johns Hopkins Hospital—is an interdisciplinary sleep medicine program, integrating clinical and research centers, as well as medical training in sleep medicine. The clinical mission has been extended through the years to encompass an ever-increasing array of teaching activities for residents and fellows. The Sleep Center also serves as the hub for an ACGME-accredited Sleep Medicine Fellowship Program.
In the late 1990s, the Sleep Disorders Center broadened its support of clinical investigation with the establishment of a sleep core laboratory at Johns Hopkins Bayview’s Clinical Research Unit (CRU). Research testing facilities rapidly expanded from a two- to six-bed unit, and spread further to other testing sites throughout the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. The sleep research facility will further expand to seven beds with the opening of a state-of-the-art CRU in Spring 2010.
Since the early 1990s, pediatric sleep research has been conducted in a two-bed unit in the CRU at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. Sleep research and educational programs on both campuses combine to form a Center in Sleep Research and Education (CISRE), supported by the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR).
Shared infrastructure for both clinical and research sleep programs currently includes an integrated IT backbone for sleep recording, scoring and databaase technologies, a coordinated scoring hub for evaluating sleep studies, a combined Sleep Medicine Fellowship Training Program spanning several medical and surgical departments, and an internationally renowned interdisciplinary faculty.