WHAT IS THE BEST CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD WHEN ONE PARTNER IS INFECTED WITH HIV? ELIZABETH TRACEY REPORTS
Discordant couples, where one partner is infected with HIV and the other isn't, face tough choices when it comes to contraception. Condoms are not ideal but a wealth of research, including a recent study in the Lancet, demonstrates that when women are using hormonal methods of contraception the risk of HIV transmission increases quite a lot. Jean Anderson, an HIV and women's health expert at Johns Hopkins, says another strategy may be considered.
ANDERSON: Now the other thing I would point out is there's some studies in the last year that demonstrate that if someone is in a discordant relationship where one is HIV positive and the other is not, the person who is HIV positive if they are on effective antiretroviral therapy and have an undetectable viral load, then that significantly decreases risk to their partner. :26
Unfortunately, in the developing world, paying for antiretroviral therapy continues to be an issue. At Johns Hopkins, I'm Elizabeth Tracey.