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At the Johns Hopkins Hospital, we perform VAP surveillance in all of our intensive care units (ICUs). We utilize surveillance definitions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). Surveillance began in January 2011 for the NCCU and in July 2011 for all other ICUs. VAP rates are expressed as the number of infections per 1000 ventilator-days. A comprehensive VAP prevention program includes root cause analysis of each infection and programs to promote, monitor and sustain evidence-based best practices for VAP prevention.
Tools and Resources
- Summary of Evidence-based Best Practices for VAP Prevention
- VAP Prevention Audit Tool
- SHEA-IDSA Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Acute Care Hospitals
- HICPAC Guidelines for Preventing Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia, 2003
Posters and Signs