What are nasal cancer and sinus cancer?
Nasal cancer and sinus cancer are diseases in which cancerous cells are found in in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses. There are many different types of sinonasal cancers: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, esthesioneuroblastoma (olfactory neuroblastoma), inverted papilloma and sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma.
What are the symptoms of nasal cancer and sinus cancer?
Patients with nasal cancer or sinus cancer usually present with unilateral nasal blockage and bleeding. Other symptoms include facial swelling, loosened upper teeth, nasal pain and double vision.
How are nasal cancer and sinus cancers diagnosed?
Nasal cancer and sinus cancers are diagnosed by using imaging techniques (X-ray, MRI, CT scan) and by taking a biopsy of the tumor.
How are nasal cancer and sinus cancer treated?
Most nasal cancers and sinus cancers are treated with surgery (if the size and location permit) followed by radiation therapy. However, patients with sinonasal undifferentiated carcinomas typically undergo chemotherapy and radiation therapy as the primary treatment method. Surgery may still be necessary as a second treatment method.
Reviewed by Dr. Wayne Koch from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery