Inhalers and Nebulizers
Several types of inhalation devices, or inhalers, are used in the treatment of asthma and other chronic obstructive pulmonary (lung) diseases, such as emphysema. Inhalers can be used to deliver medication directly to the lungs with fewer side effects than medication taken by mouth or injection. There are several types of inhalers. The type of inhaler will vary, depending on your medical history, preference, and the severity and frequency of your symptoms. Inhalers can contain anti-inflammatory medications or bronchodilator medications. The most common types of inhalers are:
Metered-dose inhaler (MDI). The most common type of inhaler, the metered-dose inhaler uses a chemical propellant (hydrofluoroalkane, or HFA) to carry the medication out of the inhaler. As of December 31, 2011, MDIs sold in the United States may no longer use ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) to propel the medication. A metered-dose inhaler is held in front of or inserted into the mouth as the medication is released in puffs.
Nebulizer. A nebulizer is a type of inhaler that sprays a fine, liquid mist of medication. This is done through a mask, using oxygen or air under pressure, or by using an ultrasonic machine (often used by people who cannot use a metered-dose inhaler, such as infants and young children, and people with severe asthma). A mouthpiece is connected to a machine via plastic tubing to deliver medication to the patient.
Dry powder or rotary inhaler. A breath-activated, nonpressurized dry powder inhaler may be used for children and adults. This type of inhaler does not use CFCs to propel the medication out of the device.
Consult your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist for specific instructions on how to properly use the inhaler or nebulizer prescribed for you.