Prostate Cancer: What You Need to Know
- The prostate is a gland found only in men. It is about the size of a walnut and sits below the bladder.
- Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men. One in seven men in the United States will be diagnosed with the disease in his lifetime.
- Compared to other men, African-American men and men with a family history of the disease are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer. A man with a father or brother who had prostate cancer is twice as likely to develop the disease.
- The BRCA 1/2 mutation is also believed to increase prostate cancer risk.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
In general, all men are at risk for prostate cancer during their lifetime. However, there are specific risk factors that increase the likelihood that certain men will develop the disease.
Read more about prostate cancer risk.
Combat Prostate Cancer with Exercise
Urologist Michael Johnson explains the connection between prostate cancer and exercise, and offers tips for getting started with a new workout routine.
Prostate Cancer Tools and Resources
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
There are usually no specific signs or symptoms of prostate cancer until it becomes advanced. Even so, it’s important for men to be on the lookout for warning signs of cancer and other prostate-related health issues.
Read more about prostate cancer symptoms.
Prostate Cancer Screening
The goal of early cancer screening is to treat the disease before it spreads and becomes more dangerous. Prostate cancer screening is highly debated, so work with your doctor to determine a screening schedule that’s right for you.
Read more about prostate cancer screening.
Make a Health Promise
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men. More than 90 percent of all prostate cancers are discovered when they are confined to the prostate or are nearby. The survival rate for men diagnosed with prostate tumors discovered at these stages is nearly 100 percent — all the more reason men should be screened annually.
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Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
Prostate cancer is primarily diagnosed using a prostate biopsy. After tissue has been collected, it will be evaluated by a pathologist to look for cancerous cells.
Advances have been made in prostate cancer detection, including new FDA-approved blood tests, such as the Prostate Health Index, and imaging of lesions in the prostate through multiparametric MRI. Talk to your doctor to see if these tests can determine whether a biopsy is necessary and, if indicated, how to best target the biopsy.
Read more about prostate cancer diagnosis.
Prostate Cancer Staging
Once diagnosed with any cancer, your doctor will want to determine the stage of your cancer. Your staging details how much cancer is in your body.
Read more about prostate cancer staging.
Prostate Cancer Prognosis
Early diagnosis is key to ensuring each man has the best chance at successful treatment. Approximately 80 to 85 percent of all prostate cancers are detected in the local and regional stages, so the cure rate is very high.
Read more about prostate cancer prognosis.
Prostate Cancer Treatment
If diagnosed with prostate cancer, management can take many forms, depending on the risk and category of disease.
New methods are available to treat prostate cancer, particularly localized aggressive or metastatic disease. Treatment of this type of disease often requires a multidisciplinary approach and a highly experienced team.
Read more about prostate cancer treatment.