Prostate Cancer: What You Need to Know
- Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men.
- African-American men and men with a family history of the disease are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
- When diagnosed early and in a localized state, the chance of long-term cure with treatment is excellent.
- It is important for every man to talk to his doctor to learn about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening. Prostate-specific antigen screening, for instance, reduces death from prostate cancer by roughly 30 percent, but it has drawbacks.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
In general, all men are at risk for prostate cancer during their lifetime. However, there are specific risk factors that increase the likelihood that certain men will develop the disease.
Read more about prostate cancer risk.
Tips for Maintaining a Healthy Prostate
Everyday choices, such as adding leafy greens to your plate, can make a big difference when it comes to prostate health. Follow these three steps to stay healthy and reduce your risk of prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
There are usually no specific signs or symptoms of prostate cancer until it becomes advanced. Even so, it’s important for men to be on the lookout for warning signs of cancer and other prostate-related health issues.
Read more about prostate cancer symptoms.
Prostate Cancer Screening
The goal of early cancer screening is to treat the disease before it spreads and becomes more dangerous. Prostate cancer screening is highly debated, so work with your doctor to determine a screening schedule that’s right for you.
Read more about prostate cancer screening.
Make a Health Promise
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men. More than 90 percent of all prostate cancers are discovered when they are confined to the prostate or are nearby. The survival rate for men diagnosed with prostate tumors discovered at these stages is nearly 100 percent — all the more reason men should be screened annually.
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Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
Prostate cancer is primarily diagnosed using a prostate biopsy. After tissue has been collected, it will be evaluated by a pathologist to look for cancerous cells.
Advances have been made in prostate cancer detection, including new FDA-approved blood tests, such as the Prostate Health Index, and imaging of lesions in the prostate through multiparametric MRI. Talk to your doctor to see if these tests can determine whether a biopsy is necessary and, if indicated, how to best target the biopsy.
Read more about prostate cancer diagnosis.
Prostate Cancer Staging
Once diagnosed with any cancer, your doctor will want to determine the stage of your cancer. Your staging details how much cancer is in your body.
Read more about prostate cancer staging.
Prostate Cancer Prognosis
Early diagnosis is key to ensuring each man has the best chance at successful treatment. Approximately 80 to 85 percent of all prostate cancers are detected in the local and regional stages, so the cure rate is very high.
Read more about prostate cancer prognosis.
Prostate Cancer Treatment
If diagnosed with prostate cancer, management can take many forms, depending on the risk and category of disease.
New methods are available to treat prostate cancer, particularly localized aggressive or metastatic disease. Treatment of this type of disease often requires a multidisciplinary approach and a highly experienced team.
Read more about prostate cancer treatment.