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Gynecologic Cancers

Three women sitting outdoors.

Gynecologic Cancers: What You Need to Know

  • Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that begins in a woman’s reproductive organs. Thus, any woman is at risk for developing gynecologic cancer.

  • Approximately 100,000 women are diagnosed with gynecologic cancer in the United States each year.

  • Family history, obesity, age and HPV are important risk factors for gynecologic cancer.

  • Pap tests, maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle, genetic testing, and the HPV vaccine are at the forefront of gynecologic cancer prevention.

Screening and Prevention

If You Feel Something, Say Something: Preventing and Detecting Gynecologic Cancers

Three women sitting together outdoors

Gynecologic cancers have long held a reputation for being “silent” — the types of cancer that aren’t detectable until limited treatment options are available. The rise of improved technology for testing and screening, though, has made detection increasingly possible, and many forms of gynecologic cancer can even be prevented.

Read more about gynecologic cancer risks, the best forms of prevention, and possible signs and symptoms.

Losing Weight and Lowering Risk: What You Need to Know About Women’s Cancer and Nutrition

Dr. Amanda Fader speaking with a patient

Many gynecologic cancers have been on the rise in the United States, with obesity often having a direct link to the increase in these cancers. In this webinar, gynecologic oncologist Amanda Fader, M.D., and oncology dietitian Mary-Eve Brown discuss the correlations between excess weight and gynecologic cancer risk.

Watch and learn how to lower your risk.

Advances in Gynecologic Cancer Care and Genetic Testing

Dr. Edward Tanner operating a robotic surgery instrument

Gynecologic oncologists Rebecca Stone, M.D., and Edward Tanner, M.D., discuss assessing your risk for gynecologic cancers and providing personalized care to women needing treatment.

Watch to learn more about genetic testing for gynecologic cancers.

Types of Gynecologic Cancers

Cervical Cancer

Early detection of cervical problems is the best way to prevent cervical cancer. Learn about prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.

Read more about cervical cancer.

Endometrial Cancer

Endometrial cancer, which starts in the lining of the uterus, is the most commonly diagnosed gynecologic cancer. About 50,000 American women are diagnosed with endometrial cancer each year.

Learn more about endometrial cancer.

Ovarian Cancer

Family history can increase a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer, as 15 percent of these cancers are caused by inherited BRCA1 and 2 mutations.

Read more about ovarian cancer.

Uterine Sarcoma

Uterine sarcoma is a type of uterine cancer that is extremely rare. About 1,600 American women are diagnosed with this cancer each year.

Learn more about uterine sarcoma.

Vaginal Cancer

The HPV vaccine can prevent some HPV strains that cause vaginal cancers. When found early, treatment for vaginal cancer is often successful.

Read more about vaginal cancer.

Vulvar Cancer

A woman’s chances of developing vulvar cancer may increase with age, infection with certain strains of HPV, smoking and HIV infection.

Learn more about vulvar cancer.

Treatment Options

In these informative videos, patients and physicians discuss a variety of care options at the Johns Hopkins Kelly Gynecologic Oncology Service. To learn more about the range of treatments available to women affected by gynecologic cancers, visit our treatments and services page.

When Cancer and Pregnancy Intersect

Ashley was diagnosed with a rare form of cervical cancer during her pregnancy with her first child.

Watch and learn how Johns Hopkins experts were able to save Ashley and her son.


Minimally Invasive Surgery for Gynecologic Cancers

Edward Tanner, M.D., discusses the benefits, risks and recovery of minimally invasive surgery for gynecologic cancers.

Watch to learn more.

Survivorship

The Kelly Gynecologic Cancer Survivorship Center

Group of cancer survivors speaking with Dr. Stone

The Kelly Gynecologic Cancer Survivorship Center at Johns Hopkins is one of the only survivorship programs in the nation to offer care exclusively for women diagnosed with gynecologic cancers. The Center’s staff uses their experience and dedication to help cancer survivors live their lives to the fullest.

Learn more about survivorship services at Johns Hopkins.

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