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HIV/AIDS Research

AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) was first reported in the United States in 1981, and has since become a major worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). More than 900,000 cases of AIDS have been reported in the United States since 1981. As many as 950,000 Americans may be infected with HIV, one-quarter of whom are unaware of their infection. The epidemic is growing most rapidly among minority populations and is a leading killer of African-American males ages 25 to 44. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), AIDS affects nearly seven times more African Americans and three times more Hispanics than whites. At Hopkins, general internists work closely with their colleagues in infectious disease to treat and investigate HIV/AIDS with particular attention to 1) the organization, costs, and quality of care; 2) comorbid medical and mental illness in people with HIV/AIDS; and 3) metabolic complications of antiretroviral therapy.

Information about the faculty working in this research area and their projects is provided below.

Mary Catherine Beach, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine, and Health, Behavior and Society
Core Faculty, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research
Research Interests: Patient-provider relationship and communication in primary care, in the treatment of HIV, and in the treatment of sickle cell disease, respect, bioethics
Link to publication abstracts: PubMed.

Geetanjali Chander, MD, MPH 
Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
Director, GIM Fellowship Program

Research Interests: Alcohol use, substance abuse, and Hepatitis C in people with HIV
To see publication abstracts: PUBMED

Joseph Cofrancesco, Jr., MD, MPH, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Director, Clinician-Educator Mentoring and Scholarship Program

Director, Institute for Excellence in Education
Medical Director, Moore Clinic at Green Spring Station
Director, HIV Lipodystrophy and Metabolic Complications Clinic

Research Interests: Lipodystrophy and its treatment in people with HIV
To see publication abstracts: PUBMED

David Holtgrave, PhD
Professor and Chair of Dep't. of Health, Behavior and Society
Joint appointment, Health Policy and Management
Faculty, Center for Global Health
Faculty, Urban Health Institute
Research interests: Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention and care interventions, provision of housing as a structural HIV/AIDS intervention, relationship of the findings of these studies to HIV prevention policy making, relationship between social capital measures, infectious disease rates, and risk behavior prevalence.
To see publication abstracts: PUBMED

Anne Monroe, MD, MSPH
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Research interests: retention in HIV care, metabolic and cardiovascular complications of HIV
To see publication abstracts: PUBMED

Richard Moore, MD, MHSc
Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
Medical Director, Moore Clinic for HIV Care

Research Interests: Health services and outcomes research in HIV/AIDS
To see publication abstracts: PUBMED

Albert Wu, MD, MPH
Professor of Health Policy and Management, Epidemiology, International Health, Medicine and Surgery
Director, Center for Health Services and Outcomes Research 
Research Interests: Patient safety, comparative effectiveness research, patient-reported outcomes, quality of care, HIV
To see publication abstracts: PUBMED

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