Search the Health Library
Get the facts on diseases, conditions, tests and procedures.
I Want To...
Find a Doctor
Find a doctor at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center or Johns Hopkins Community Physicians.
I Want To...
Find Research Faculty
Enter the last name, specialty or keyword for your search below.
Esophageal cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor that originates in the esophagus. The esophagus is a tube in your body that transports food from your mouth to your stomach.
Esophageal Cancer: What You Need to Know
- If you have Barrett’s esophagus, your doctor will monitor you closely, as it increases the risk of developing esophageal cancer.
- Symptoms of esophageal cancer are often nonspecific. Your gastroenterologist can provide a definitive diagnosis.
- Our team may use a smart biopsy to confirm a diagnosis of cancer.
- Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or endoscopic treatment.
Read a more in-depth article about esophageal cancer, written by Johns Hopkins gastroenterologists, which details the anatomical description of the causes of esophageal cancer.
Read our FAQs about esophageal cancer.
Why choose Johns Hopkins Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology for esophageal cancer?
Johns Hopkins is one of only a few centers using confocal endomicroscopy, which offers immediate diagnosis.Learn more about confocal microscopy at Johns Hopkins