How is Graves' disease treated?

Graves' disease may be treated with different types of therapies. Approaches to treatment may involve the use of beta blockers to alleviate symptoms of thyrotoxicosis, the use of antithyroid drugs to inhibit production of excess amounts of thyroid hormone, the use of radioactive iodine to destroy overactive thyroid tissue, or planning for thyroid surgery to remove overactive thyroid tissue. There appear to be significant differences in treatments favored by doctors in different parts of the world. Surveys have revealed that doctors in the United States are more likely to treat patients with radioactive iodine therapy, while doctors in Europe and Japan are more likely to treat patients with antithyroid drugs.