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What is overweight and obese?

If a person diagnosed as overweight or obese, this typically means that he or she has too much body fat, making the body weight greater than what is considered healthy. For many people, overweight and obesity is caused by taking in too many calories that are not burned in physical exercise.

Doctors and researchers use many different tools to assess a person’s body fat, including BMI and waist circumference. Patients are considered overweight if their BMI is greater than 25 and obese if their BMI is greater than 30. Calculate your BMI.

Medical conditions that cause overweight and obesity

There are some medical conditions that cause you to gain extra weight. This is called secondary obesity. While few patients fit into this category, it is important to have a discussion with your doctor about your risk for these conditions.

Weight-related health conditions

Obesity is also associated with many dangerous health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. Associated in this context means that when you have excess body fat, your physicians are likely to be concerned about other health problems that have been linked with obesity. Learn more about weight-related conditions.


Our team of weight loss specialists can provide you with the information and training you need to reach your goals and enjoy a lifetime of healthy weight. Call 410-583-LOSE (5673) today to schedule your consultation or request more information by using our secure online form

The Johns Hopkins Digestive Weight Loss Center is part of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.


Jumpstart Your Weight Loss

We now offer new non-surgical procedures for people with moderate (30-50 lb.) weight loss goals. Learn about the service as part of our Concierge Endoscopic Weight Loss Program.

In the News

Weight loss news and press releases from Johns Hopkins Medicine. See news stories.