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School of Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medicine 2006 Milestones
- The formal groundbreaking occurs for The Johns Hopkins Hospital’s new cardiovascular and critical care tower and children’s hospital. The two buildings, with a combined gross square footage of 1,473,000, form the core of the medical campus’s $1.2 billion redevelopment plan, the most ambitious in the Hospital’s 117-year history and one of the largest single health care construction projects in the United States.
- Carol Greider, professor and director of molecular biology and genetics in the Hopkins Institute of Basic Biomedical Science, is the co-recipient of the 2006 Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research. Greider shares the Lasker, often called “the American Nobel,” and its $100,000 cash prize with Elizabeth H. Blackburn of the University of California, San Francisco, and Jack Szostak of the Harvard Medical School. The three are honored for their discovery of telomerase, the enzyme that maintains chromosomal integrity, and their recognition of its importance in aging, cancer and stem cell biology. Greider and Blackburn also share the 2006 Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences for their work on telomeres, the structure of chromosome ends. They are the first women to receive the prize, which includes a $25,000 grant.
- Clemenceau Medical Center, the first Middle East clinical facility affiliated with Johns Hopkins Medicine International, opens. The affiliation began in 2002, setting as a major goal the building of a state-of-the-art health care facility to benefit the people of Lebanon and the surrounding region.
- Johns Hopkins Medicine and the General Authority for Health Services in the United Arab Emirates agree to a 10-year affiliation that involves the management of Tawam Hospital in Abu Dhabi. The 469-bed facility is one of the largest and most prestigious hospitals in the UAE. Although Hopkins has been involved in a number of international medical projects that have included academic and clinical advising, this is the first agreement that includes hospital management.
- The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is ranked one of the top two medical schools in the nation by U.S. News & World Report.
- Johns Hopkins Medicine International and Beacon Hospital in Dublin, Ireland, sign an affiliation agreement for educational and consulting services. Under the agreement, Hopkins will work with Beacon staff to ensure performance improvement, patient safety, nursing training and management, ambulatory care and other services, including educational programs and observerships at Hopkins. Beacon, set to open in the fall of 2006, will be the first hospital built in Ireland in more than 20 years.
- William B. Guggino, an acclaimed cystic fibrosis researcher and veteran member of the faculty, is named director of the Department of Physiology in the School of Medicine.
- David L. Thomas, a world-renowned expert on hepatitis C and a member of the faculty since 1993, is named chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases.
- For the 14th straight year, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine ranks as top recipient of National Institutes of Health (NIH) research dollars.
- For the 16th consecutive year, U.S. News & World Report’s annual ranking of American hospitals places The Johns Hopkins Hospital No. 1 in the nation. In 2006, the hospital ranked first in five of 16 ranked medical specialties and in the top four in 10 others. The Hospital ranked first in ear, nose and throat; gynecology, kidney disease, urology and rheumatology. It ranked second in neurology/neurosurgery, ophthalmology and psychiatry; third in cancer, digestive disorders, endocrinology, heart/heart surgery, respiratory disorders and pediatrics; and fourth in orthopedics. Rehabilitation medicine ranked just outside the Honor Roll at seventeen.
- For the 11th straight year, The Johns Hopkins Hospital receives the Consumer Choice Award for the Baltimore region from the National Research Corporation. Hopkins also ranks No. 1 among consumers in the Bethesda and Hagerstown regions. It is one of only a few hospitals nationwide to earn top-choice status in a multiregion market.
- L. Mario Amzel, a member of the Hopkins faculty since 1969 and a full professor since 1984, is appointed the new head of the Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry in the Institute of Basic Biomedical Sciences in the School of Medicine.
- Researchers at the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine launch an online database of the more than 1,000 genes known to contribute to the bodily operations of cilia, which are tiny, hair-like structures on the surface of cells. The researchers have found that flaws in the work of cilia are a common link to many rare, understudied “orphaned” diseases of unknown cause, such as Bardet-Biedl, Alstrom and Meckel-Gruber syndromes. The new Web-based data resource consolidates considerable information on cilia and is available free to all researchers.
- The National Academy of Sciences elects three Hopkins faculty members to join 17 of their Hopkins colleagues in the Academy. The new members are Robert Blum, the William H. Gates Sr. Professor and chair of the Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health; Chi Van Dang, the Johns Hopkins Family Professor in Oncology Research and vice dean for research in the School of Medicine; and Scott Zeger, the Frank Hurley and Catharine Dorrier Professor in Biostatistics and chair of the Bloomberg School’s Department of Biostatistics.
- The School of Medicine’s Institute for Basic Biomedical Sciences formally establishes eight new research centers to tackle such complicated questions in biology as the genetic roots of obesity and the relationships among the five senses. The new centers are the High Throughput Biology Center, the Center for Sensory Biology, the Center for Metabolism and Obesity Research, the Center for Cell Dynamics, the Center on Drug Addiction, the Center for Chemoprotection, and the Center for Transport Biology and Medicine.
- For the 11th consecutive year, the Wilmer Eye Institute is named best overall ophthalmology program in the country by Ophthalmology Times.
- Hopkins surgical teams—including 12 surgeons, 11 anesthesiologists and 18 nurses—successfully complete the world’s first five-way, “domino” donor kidney transplant operation among 10 individuals during a marathon, 10-hour procedure spread over six operating rooms. Four transplant candidates with willing but incompatible donors were matched through a previously developed living donor matching system. When a so-called altruistic donor was added to the mix, the five-way swap was arranged, with all four original candidates receiving compatible kidneys from someone they had never met, and the remaining kidney going to a patient who was next on the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) organ recipient list.
- David H. Koch, philanthropist, executive vice president of Koch Industries Inc., the nation’s largest privately owned company, and a university trustee, donates $20 million to support a new cancer research building on the East Baltimore medical campus. The 270,000-square-foot building opens in March and is formerly named for Koch at a dedication ceremony in November. With five floors of laboratories and 10 stories of office space, it is home to researchers in prostate, brain, pancreas, skin, lung and head and neck cancers.