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1999 Press Releases

Johns Hopkins Press Releases: 1999

12/21/99 Molecule Looks Like Crucial Link Between Life, Mood System
Scientists at Johns Hopkins and the National Cancer Institute have found a "missing link" brain chemical that rises and falls quickly in response to stress, fear or an upbeat mood, and then sculpts nerve circuits in the brain accordingly.
12/17/99 African-Americans More Likely To Get Counseling From General Health Providers
The greatest increase in the use of mental health services during the past decade has been among African-Americans in general primary care settings, according to a Johns Hopkins study of Baltimore residents.
12/17/99 Head-Mounted Displays Help Visually Impaired Students "Mainstream"
Head-mounted displays may help visually impaired children get more out of school and life in general, according to a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins and the Maryland School for the Blind.
12/17/99 Corneal Rings Offer Freedom From Eyeglasses For Some Nearsighted Patients
A small, plastic implant can allow some people with low-level nearsightedness to say good-bye to glasses.
12/16/99 Sexual Fantasies Increase Pain Tolerance
Bringing to mind a favorite sexual fantasy may be a good way to lessen pain, according to a recent study of college students by researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Wisconsin.
12/14/99 Low-Income Black Women Need Information About Menopause
A Johns Hopkins study of more than 200 low-income African American women suggests that their low use rate of potentially heart and life-saving hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after menopause is closely linked to their health care providers' failure to bring up the subject.
12/14/99 Johns Hopkins and Lucent Technologies to Develop Global Network for Telemedicine and Patient Access
Johns Hopkins Medicine and Lucent Technologies (NYSE:LU) today announced an agreement to promote worldwide telemedicine applications through the use of information technology.
12/14/99 Local Coalition Wins Department of Labor Grant To Develop Training Program For Health Care Workers
A coalition of labor unions, Baltimore hospitals and state and local government agencies has been awarded nearly $1 million by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) to develop a program of portable, transferable training for health care workers.
12/13/99 Asthma Medication Misuage Rampant: Good Health Insurance Is No Guarantee of Proper Use
Misuse of asthma drugs among people with good health insurance is more prevalent than previously thought, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.
12/9/99 It's Not Just Einstein: Study Shows Differences In Male Brain
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have discovered "striking" differences between men and women in a part of the brain linked with ability to estimate time, judge speed, visualize things three-dimensionally and solve mathematical problems.
12/1/99 Roderer Named Director of Hopkins Welch Medical Library
Nancy K. Roderer, former coordinator of the Associate Fellowship Program of the National Library of Medicine, has been selected to head the Johns Hopkins University William H. Welch Medical Library, effective Jan. 1, 2000. She will also be the interim director of the Division of Biomedical Information Sciences at the library.
12/2/99 Parathyroid Tumors Can Be Removed Safely in Outpatient Procedure
Minimally invasive outpatient surgery to remove tumors of the parathyroid glands is safe for most patients and far more cost-effective than traditional open surgery, a Johns Hopkins study shows.
12/3/99 HOLIDAY TIPS 1999
Holiday story ideas from The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.
11/30/99 Penny Wise and Pound-Foolish: Study Shows Need for Second Pathologist's Opinion
A study of more than 6,000 patients by Johns Hopkins researchers found that one or two out of every 100 people who come to larger medical centers for treatment following a biopsy arrive with a diagnosis that's "totally wrong." The results suggest that second opinion pathology exams not only prevent errors, but also save lives and money.
11/19/99 George LeBoff Professorship Dedicated at Johns Hopkins Medicine
With gifts totaling more than $2 million, the late George LeBoff of Baltimore funded a new professorship in gastroenterology at Johns Hopkins Medicine.
11/18/99 Orphan Drug Funds to Be Used in Testing New Treatment for a Rare but Deadly Form of Stroke
Johns Hopkins scientists, using funds from a Food and Drug Administration Orphan Drug Award, will test a new way of treating intracerebral hemorrhage with intraventricular extension, a disorder that often hits younger people and African-Americans.
11/16/99 Hopkins Hosts Groundbreaking Ceremony For White Marsh Facility
At noon on November 19, Edward D. Miller, M.D., CEO of Johns Hopkins Medicine and dean of The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, along with several other Hopkins notables and elected officials, will hold a "groundbreaking" ceremony for the new medical facility, Johns Hopkins at White Marsh.
11/16/99 Hopkins Researcher Awarded Prestigious Young Scientist Prize
Hopkins cancer researcher Victor E. Velculescu, M.D., Ph.D., is the recipient of the Amersham Pharmacia Biotech and Science Prize for Young Scientists for his work in developing a method to rapidly identify disease-related genes and measure gene expression.
11/16/99 Noted Hopkins Molecular Biologist, Daniel Nathans Dies
Daniel Nathans, esteemed scientist and colleague at Johns Hopkins, died, from leukemia, in his sleep November 16, 1999.
11/17/99 Researchers Discover Diagnostic Marker for Schizophrenia
Johns Hopkins researchers have identified a chemical marker in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) that may help doctors treat and diagnose individuals with schizophrenia.
11/17/99 Howard Califano Appointed Ceo of Johns Hopkins Singapore
Howard W. Califano, J.D., has been appointed CEO of Johns Hopkins Singapore (JHS) and Johns Hopkins Singapore Clinical Services.
11/17/99 Nina Ossanna Appointed New Director of Hopkins Office of Technology and Licensing
Nina Ossanna, Ph.D., associate director of The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine's Office of Technology Licensing (OTL), has been appointed director of OTL.
11/10/99 The Johns Hopkins Hospital Named a 1999 Consumer Choice Award, Heart Care Service Winner
Consumers in the Baltimore metropolitan area have chosen The Johns Hopkins Hospital as the most preferred for heart care services, according to National Research Corporation (NRC).
11/10/99 Personal Approach Reduces High Blood Pressure In Black Men
Personalized care and attention given by a research team can lower high blood pressure significantly in urban black men, researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing report.
11/10/99 Johns Hopkins Researchers Report from this Month's American Heart Association Meeting
News tips based on abstracts or posters to be presented at the American Heart Association's 72nd Scientific Sessions, held Nov. 7-10 in Atlanta.
11/8/99 Novel Neurotransmitter Overturns Laws of Biology, Offers Potential for Stroke Treatment
Johns Hopkins scientists have identified a new and unusual nerve transmitter in the brain, one that overturns certain long-cherished laws about how nerve cells behave.
10/14/99 Photodynamic Therapy Reduces Risk of Vision Loss in Some Macular Degeneration Patients
A combined treatment of a light-sensitive medication and a laser light beamed into the eye appears to reduce the risk of vision loss in some patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a Johns Hopkins-led study of more than 600 patients at 22 medical centers in North America and Europe.
10/12/99 Judy Reitz Appointed Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Johns Hopkins Hospital
Judy A. Reitz, Sc.D., a chief architect of The Johns Hopkins Hospital's ongoing operations restructuring efforts and an authority on organizational performance and design, has been named executive vice president and chief operating officer of The Johns Hopkins Hospital.
10/10/99 Marion I. Knott Gives $10 Million To Johns Hopkins Medicine
A commitment of $10 million from Marion I. Knott, matriarch of one of Baltimore's most philanthropic families, will endow directorships in cancer and medical genetics at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
10/8/99 Johns Hopkins, SMS Sponsor Health Records Summit
Johns Hopkins Medicine and Shared Medical Systems Corporation (SMS) (NYSE: SMS), today launched a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Security Summit at the Hyatt Regency in Baltimore, Maryland.
10/7/99 Cody Unser: Her Road Race Takes a Detour
Last February, 12-year-old Cody Unser, daughter of race car legend Al Unser, left her middle school basketball practice one afternoon because her legs and feet felt oddly tingly.
10/5/99 The Johns Hopkins Hospital Named "Consumer Choice Award" Winner for Baltimore and Washington, D.C. Region
The National Research Corporation (NRC) has named The Johns Hopkins Hospital one of 126 hospitals nationwide to earn its 1999 Consumer Choice Award.
9/21/99 Johns Hopkins, 100 Black Men of Maryland Offer Free Screenings for Prostate Cancer Sept. 22 and 23
In honor of Prostate Cancer Awareness Week, Johns Hopkins and the 100 Black Men of Maryland are sponsoring free screenings for prostate cancer from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. on Wednesday, Sept. 22, and Thursday, Sept. 23.
9/20/99 Johns Hopkins Eye Surgery Live on the Internet Sept. 23
A Johns Hopkins ophthalmologist will perform the macular degeneration repair surgery he perfected live on the Internet for colleagues attending the international Vitreous Society meeting in Rome.
9/15/99 National Mentoring Partnership Honors Hopkins Hospital President
Ronald R. Peterson, president of The Johns Hopkins Hospital and the Johns Hopkins Health System, has been awarded the 1999 Excellence in Mentoring Award for Program Leadership from The National Mentoring Partnership.
9/14/99 29th Annual AAMC/GIA Awards for Excellence
The Johns Hopkins Medicine Office of Communications and Public Affairs and Office of Marketing Communications have received Awards of Excellence from the Association of the American Medical Colleges (AAMC), the principle advocacy organization for medical schools.
8/30/99 Scientists Suggest Genetic Shutdown Links Estrogen, Heart Disease
An age-related drop in estrogen may not be the only reason heart disease in women sharply increases after menopause, a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers suggests. A large-scale genetic event that quietly blocks arteries' ability to respond to estrogen may also be at work.
8/26/99 NIH Taps Hopkins Craniofacial Program as "Center of Discovery", Awards $7.5 Million Grant
What is the likelihood that a baby will be born with a cleft palate? How will smoking or a glass of wine consumed during pregnancy affect a fetus's skull development? Johns Hopkins researchers will use a $7.5 million research grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (a division of the National Institutes of Health) to answer these questions and others.
8/17/99 Thomas Preziosi, Hopkins Neurologist, Dies at 75
"A master clinician." "A neurologist's neurologist." Thomas J. Preziosi's medical colleagues at Johns Hopkins leave no doubt about their esteem for the man who taught many of the hospital's present neurologists. Preziosi died Saturday at age 75 of injuries following an automobile accident on July 16.
8/17/99 Johns Hopkins Medicine Appoints New Board Members
Richard O. Berndt, managing partner of the law firm of Gallagher, Evelius & Jones; Edward L. Cahill, a founding partner of Cahill, Warnock & Company, LLC; and John B. Isbister, a partner with the law firm of Tydings & Rosenberg and vice chair of the Howard County General Hospital Board of Trustees, have been appointed to the Johns Hopkins Medicine Board of Trustees, effective July 1.
8/16/99 Weiss Named Hopkins Associate Dean of Admissions and Academic Affairs
James Weiss, M.D., the Michael J. Cudahy Professor of Cardiology, has been appointed Associate Dean of Admissions and Academic Affairs at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.
8/10/99 African-Americans Feel "Less Involved" Than Whites During Medical Visits
African-American patients rate their doctor visits as significantly "less participatory" than do whites, according to a Johns Hopkins-led study reported in the Aug. 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
8/1/99 Cocaine's Effects on Thinking May Linger After Use Stops
A study out next week is one of few to track lingering effects of cocaine use. Comparing key mental abilities of cocaine users with matched subjects who have never taken drugs, researchers with Johns Hopkins and The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) observed definite deficiencies in the drug users -- ones that roughly correspond to the size of the user's typical dose of cocaine -- after they've stopped the drug.
7/22/99 Medical News Tips from the Department of Emergency Medicine at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
7/21/99 Medical News Tips for Summer
7/19/99 Good News For "Wusses": Research Links Pain Sensitivity To Gene
People vary greatly in their sensitivity to pain: A tetanus shot's pinprick for one person is another's misery. Now researchers at Johns Hopkins and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) report that much of human sensitivity to pain -- and the varied response people have to opiate pain medicines -- has a genetic basis. Many of the differences in pain perception by both mouse and human, the scientists say, are likely due to variation in a single key gene.
7/14/99 Dramatic Drop Seen in Mother-child HIV Transmission; Lead Hopkins Researcher Available
Results of a joint U.S.-Uganda study, led by Hopkins researcher Brooks Jackson, M.D., has found an inexpensive, safe and effective drug regimen for preventing the transmission of HIV from an infected mother to her newborn.
7/7/99 Hopkins Tops Hospital "Honor Roll" List for the 9th Year in a Row
For the ninth consecutive year, U.S. News & World Report's annual ranking of American hospitals has placed The Johns Hopkins Hospital at the top of the list.
7/5/99 New Drug With Unusual Promise Enters ALS Pipeline
A natural compound found to be extraordinarily potent in protecting nerves from harm in a lab model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will likely usher in a new drug "cocktail" approach to the disease, according to Johns Hopkins scientists.
6/23/99 Large-volume Medical Centers Produce Best Clinical and Economic Results for Complex Gastrointestinal Surgery
A handful of complicated, high-risk gastrointestinal surgeries are safer and easier on patients -- and pocketbooks -- when performed at medical centers that do the most of them, according to results of a Johns Hopkins study published in the July 1999 issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.
6/23/99 Target for Cystic Fibrosis Drugs Found
In an advance that promises to speed development of new drugs for cystic fibrosis, Johns Hopkins biochemists have discovered what goes awry inside the cells of CF patients at the most basic level. It's a folding problem that might be familiar to any home-maker.
6/22/99 New Targets For Nerve Diseases, Nerve Regrowth: It's All in the Handshake
In this month's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists at Johns Hopkins and the National Institutes of Health describe an important piece in the puzzle of what can go wrong in nerve-damaging disorders such as multiple sclerosis and Guillian-Barre syndrome.
6/17/99 Hopkins Hosts 300 Transplant Patients at Educational Conference June 19
More than 300 transplant patients and their families from across the country are expected to attend a day-long educational seminar sponsored by the Johns Hopkins Comprehensive Transplant Center on Saturday, June 19.
6/16/99 It Takes a Mother's Touch to Build a Birthing Center
Margaret Siegmeister knows exactly how expectant mothers will feel about the new Birthing Center at The Johns Hopkins Hospital.
6/15/99 Kelly Ripken Hosts Benefit at Camden Yards for Hopkins Thyroid Program
Kelly Ripken, wife of Baltimore Orioles star Cal Ripken Jr., will host a dinner Thursday, June 24, at Camden Yards to benefit her thyroid education and patient care program at Johns Hopkins.
6/15/99 Risk Factors For Women Remain High One Year After Heart Surgery
A Johns Hopkins study of women who had coronary bypass surgery found that a year later, a majority of them continued to have the same significant risk factors that brought them to the operating room in the first place
6/14/99 Hopkins' Business of Medicine Program graduates first national class
Recently, 96 physicians and clinicians in 18 cities became the first participants to complete the distance learning version of The Johns Hopkins University's School of Medicine and School of Continuing Studies' award-winning Business of Medicine Graduate Certificate Program.
6/12/99 Hopkins Study Shows Combined Hormone Therapy Increases Muscle, Decreases Fat in Postmenopausal Women
Adrian S. Dobs, M.D., senior author of the study and an associate professor of endocrinology and metabolism at Hopkins, led researchers comparing the effects of estrogen supplements versus combined testosterone/estrogen supplements.
6/10/99 Emergency or Not? A Tipsheet For The Undecided
Below are selected speakers' take-home messages -- advice that could make a vast difference if victims or their families know to act quickly.
6/9/99 Hopkins Biennial Medical Symposium Offers Easy Updates on Medical Progress
Partly a med school alumni reunion and partly a banquet session, the meeting of Hopkins' Medical and Surgical Association every two years is a drawing point for physicians across the country. But more than that, it's a chance to catch up on scientific advances and gain perspective on the latest in medical treatment.
6/8/99 Report: Tuberculosis Control Programs Inadequate in Developing Countries
Swelling HIV infection rates continue driving a tuberculosis epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, and world health policy makers need to better account for the intertwining of the two diseases, say Johns Hopkins researchers in a new report.
6/7/99 Drug Stops Blinding Blood Vessel Growth in Mice
Scientists at Johns Hopkins and Novartis Ltd. Pharmaceuticals, in partnership with Novartis' CIBA Vision eye care unit, have identified a drug that completely stops the growth of abnormal blood vessels on or beneath the retinas of laboratory mice.
5/27/99 Heart Attack Victims More Likely to Survive When Taken to High-volume Hospitals
Patients are far more likely to survive a heart attack if they are admitted directly to a high-volume hospital rather than a smaller one, according to a study of nearly 100,000 patients by researchers at Johns Hopkins.
5/26/99 Joel Shurkin Named Medcast Bureau Chief At Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Joel N. Shurkin has been appointed bureau chief and editor of the Johns Hopkins Medicine channel of Medcast, the Internet daily news, information and education service for practicing physicians.
5/26/99 Hopkins Will Be One Site For Largest Breast Cancer Prevention Trial
The Johns Hopkins Oncology Center will be one of 450 centers chosen to take part in what is being billed as the world's largest and most definitive trial of drugs to prevent breast cancer.
5/18/99 Presentation on Cochlear Implant Technology
John K. Niparko, M.D., professor of otolaryngology at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and director of The Listening Center, a cochlear implant program for children, will present the latest information on the advanced technology of hearing aids and cochlear implants.
5/18/99 The Johns Hopkins Oncology Center Tip Sheet to The 35th Annual Meeting of The American Society of Clinical Oncology
This tip sheet highlights research news from Johns Hopkins that are either the subject of presentations or ongoing issues that provide context for presentations at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
5/17/99 Study Questions Usefulness of Common Allergy Test
A new study from Johns Hopkins Children's Center may encourage physicians to spare people the discomfort of a skin test to confirm a fairly common diagnosis allergy to cats.
5/17/99 Hopkins Welcomes ALS "Motorcade"
When a motorized wheelchair brigade of ALS patients pulls up at Hopkins next week, accompanied by a police motorcade, they'll be greeted by Hopkins neurologist Jeffrey Rothstein, and offered a tour of the labs where he conducts research on ALS.
5/13/99 Hopkins Study Shows Young, Overweight Men at High Risk for Diabetes
Overweight men as young as 20-something may be at high risk for developing diabetes when they reach middle age, according to results of a Johns Hopkins study published in this week's issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
5/12/99Baltimore Philanthropists Donate $20 Million To New Cancer Research Building at Johns Hopkins
The Bunting Family and the Jacob and Hilda Blaustein Foundation have pledged $10 million each to the Johns Hopkins Oncology Center's new cancer research building.
5/6/99 Essential "Allergy Feedback Loop" Discovered By Hopkins Scientists
Blood test results from hayfever victims testing an experimental anti-allergy drug have led investigators at the Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center to discovery of an essential immune system feedback loop that appears to be a basic mechanism driving all allergies.
5/5/99 Johns Hopkins Medicine Opens Office In United Arab Emirates
Johns Hopkins Medicine has established an office in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE), to facilitate and coordinate travel and care for Middle Eastern patients at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Md.
5/4/99 New Method Assesses Risk of Advanced Cancer After Prostate Removal
While prostate removal cures most men of their prostate cancer, more than a third show a rise in their prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels in the 10 years following surgery, an early sign that cancer may be returning. Now, in the largest and longest study of its kind, urologists at Johns Hopkins have developed a simple method for assessing the risk these men have for developing deadly metastatic cancer.
5/1/99 Chronically Ill Teens Turn To Internet For Peer Support, Researchers Report
A team of medical informatics and child life specialists at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center has met the challenge of providing peer support to seriously ill teenagers with an Internet service, Hopkins Teen Central. Hopkins Teen Central's creators say the service shows potential for wide use in hospitals nationwide.
4/29/99 Cochlear Implant Increases Access To Mainstream Education
Researchers at Johns Hopkins report that profoundly deaf children receiving a cochlear implant are more apt to be fully mainstreamed in school and use fewer school support services than similarly deaf children without an implant.
4/28/99 Early Heart Repair For Marfan Syndrome Patients Critical To Survival
People with Marfan syndrome should be carefully monitored for development of an aortic aneurysm -- a ballooning of the large blood vessel that leads away from the heart -- and should be treated early, according to a large, international study led by physicians at Johns Hopkins. The risk of death for these patients is eight times higher when they wait until they require emergency surgery for the aneurysms.
4/27/99 "Silent" HIV Infection Lasts A Lifetime
In 1995, researchers at Johns Hopkins discovered HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) evades anti-viral drugs by hiding in the immune system, infecting certain white blood cells, called T cells, and then going to sleep, or turning off. In the May Nature Medicine, the same team reports this silent infection persists for a lifetime.
4/25/99 Nighttime Asthma Squeezes School Attendance
Children suffering nighttime asthma attacks, which can be as severe as daytime attacks, miss school and cause parents to miss work, and may also perform more poorly in school, says a study by Hopkins asthma researcher Gregory Diette, M.D., presented at the American Thoracic Society annual meeting today.
4/21/99 Migraine Pain: Not Mainly In The Brain
Hopkins researchers think they've found the source of pain in migraines. The research shifts explanations away from traditional ones involving dilating or constricting blood vessels to the back of the head and focuses instead on changes within the meninges, the protective tissue layers covering the brain.
4/20/99 To Drive Or Not To Drive? New Criteria For Those With Epilepsy
Having a seizure while driving is one worry that nags people with epilepsy, and to date, no good research exists that lets them predict their risk of an accident. A new study at Johns Hopkins and the University of Maryland, however, tells how epilepsy patients and their physicians can assess chances of having an auto accident due to seizures.
4/14/99 "Intensivists" In The ICU Linked To Vastly Reduced Patient Deaths
Patients undergoing high-risk surgery may be up to three times more likely to survive if their hospital's intensive care unit (ICU) is staffed by "intensivists," or physicians specially trained in critical care, according to a Johns Hopkins study of 46 Maryland hospitals.
4/13/99 Stress and Surgery May Increase Development of Cancerous Tumors
Stress and surgery may increase the growth of cancerous tumors by suppressing natural killer cell activity, says a Johns Hopkins nurse researcher.
4/2/99 Johns Hopkins Singapore Opens Oncology Unit
In the latest move to establish Singapore as a major medical hub in the Pacific Rim, Johns Hopkins Singapore (JHS) opens on April 15 its 14-bed oncology unit in the Kent Ridge Wing of National University Hospital, adjacent to the campus of the National University of Singapore.
4/1/99 Stem Cells: The Second Generation
The stem cell story continues with the news that some forms are much closer to treating human disease than previously suspected.
3/30/99 Alcoholics' Children: Living With A Stacked Biochemical Deck
Children of alcoholics have an altered brain chemistry that appears to make them more likely to become alcoholics themselves, according to a recent study by Johns Hopkins scientists.
3/29/99 Timing Is Everything--For Weak Hearts Too, Hopkins Study Shows
Contrary to expectations, scientists at Johns Hopkins have found that a pacemaker keyed to the single area of a failing heart that is activated late due to an electrical blockage is far superior to the current thinking of pacing at a standard location or pacing both lower chambers of the heart at once.
3/16/99 Higher Doses Of Methadone May Do The Trick, New Study Says
Methadone, the granddaddy of replacement treatments for addiction to heroin and other opioid drugs, has been available for 30 years.
3/15/99 Johns Hopkins Singapore To Hold Cancer Symposium Marking Opening of Hopkins Research, Education and Clinical Services
Leading cancer specialists and other Johns Hopkins physicians and scientists will travel to Singapore for a symposium on April 17 held to celebrate the formal opening of Johns Hopkins Singapore (JHS) and Johns Hopkins Singapore Clinical Services (JHSCS), and its research, education and clinical services
3/11/99 Vinegar Offers Dependable Test For Cervical Cancer
An inexpensive, easy test that changes the color of precancerous tissue could be used to screen women for cervical cancer and its precursors in geographic areas where Pap smears may not be available, according to a study of African women by researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Zimbabwe.
3/11/99 Vive la Difference? French and American Medical Advice Differs In Telling Ways for Women With Breast Cancer Gene
Vive la difference! may apply to love, but in medical matters it may be another story. In a study reported in this week's Lancet (embargoed for Thursday, March 11, 7 p.m. EST), medical policy analysts at Johns Hopkins and in France reveal just how strong a role culture may play in peoples' medical treatment.
3/10/99 Medical News Tips
Adult Mono Difficult To Diagnose, Unlocking Hearing's Biochemical Basis, Prevent Illness When Traveling This Spring
3/4/99 Heart Disease Symptoms Worsen When Body Tries To Adapt
For years doctors have debated whether the progressively destructive course of genetic heart disease is due principally to the altered genes that set it in motion, or to the body's ceaseless efforts to compensate for and cope with the initial damage.
3/2/99 Common Prostate Cancer: A Different Process Altogether?
Nearly 90 percent of prostate cancers -- "the typical, garden varieties," according to Johns Hopkins scientists -- are linked to a previously unsuspected but common genetic process that could be reversible.
3/1/99 Researchers Discover Genetic Mutation For Rare Form of Dwarfism
A search for the genetic roots of towering height has led a Johns Hopkins endocrinologist to identify a mutation that causes a rare form of treatable dwarfism. Research results, published in the March issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, suggest that the mutation could be used as a prenatal screening test for the disorder.
2/26/99 United States Ill-Equipped To Face Bioterrorists, Hopkins Expert Warns
D.A. Henderson, M.D., one of the nation's leading authorities on threats to the public's health and the man credited with the success of the smallpox eradication project a quarter century ago, says the virus is once again a threat to the United States and the world -- this time as a weapon of bioterrorists.
2/21/99 Human/Insect/Jellyfish Genes Team To Quiet "Hyper" Nerve Cells
With the help of fruit flies and jellyfish, Johns Hopkins scientists have proved they can quiet firing nerve cells -- at least temporarily -- by inserting the genetic version of an off switch.
2/20/99 New Video Helps Sufferers Deal With Dizziness
A new video from the Johns Hopkins Center for Hearing and Balance is now available to help people recognize and seek effective care for chronic dizziness.
2/19/99 HIV Testing In Emergency Departments Yields Early Detection of Cases
A voluntary, emergency department-based program to test patients' blood for HIV was well accepted at Johns Hopkins, as about half the patients approached consented.
2/18/99 Deaths of Zoo Elephants Explained -- New Virus Identified
A strict low-protein diet for chronic kidney failure patients can delay dialysis treatment for about a year, according to results of a Johns Hopkins study.
2/17/99 Hopkins' Researcher Murray Sachs Receives Highest Honor From ARO
Murray B. Sachs, Ph.D., Massey Professor and director of biomedical engineering and professor of neuroscience and otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at Johns Hopkins, received the 1999 Association for Research in Otolaryngology (ARO) Award of Merit.
2/15/99 Low-Protein Diet Postpones Dialysis
A strict low-protein diet for chronic kidney failure patients can delay dialysis treatment for about a year, according to results of a Johns Hopkins study.
2/15/99 Hopkins Researchers Uncover Basics of Perplexing Pain Syndrome
A team of neuroscientists at Johns Hopkins offers the first concrete evidence of what's behind some of the most incapacitating pain syndromes people can suffer, a move suggesting immediate strategies for treatment.
2/9/99 Hopkins Faculty Forms Company to Speed Advanced MRI Technology to Market Surgi-Vision Devices Place Imaging Inside Body
Supported by private investors, a group of Johns Hopkins radiologists, biomedical engineers and cardiologists have formed a company, Surgi-Vision, to develop, manufacture and sell new devices for imaging the human heart, blood vessels and other organs.
2/9/99 Hopkins Center For Civilian Biodefense Studies Co-Sponsors Symposium on Medical/Public Health Response To Bioterrorism
"With weapons of biological and chemical terrorism in the headlines and firmly on the nation's public agenda, political leaders, physicians, research scientists, as well as law enforcement and intelligence experts will meet Feb. 16 and 17 at the Crystal Gateway Marriott to talk about what to do should bioterrorists launch an assault on civilians in the United States.
2/5/99 Old Bone Collection Reveals Basis For Some Dizziness
Using a library of almost 1,000 skull bones collected for more than 30 years at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, researchers have identified a consistent congenital basis for a rare but troubling disorder they discovered in which loud noises cause dizziness.
1/25/99 Hopkins, Israeli Scientists Link Soybeans With Pain Relief
Scientists from Johns Hopkins and two Israeli universities have discovered another likely benefit of the much-touted legume, soybeans: They may bring pain relief. A new study shows that laboratory rats fed a diet containing soy meal develop far less pain after nerve injury than their counterparts on soy-free diets.
1/20/99 Hopkins Forms Genetic Medicine Institute
Uniting nine centers, scores of physicians and scientists, and budgets worth tens of millions of dollars, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine today announced the formation of a new institute that consolidates much of the genetic disease research, education and treatment enterprise, now widely spread throughout Hopkins, under a single institutional umbrella.
1/19/99 Study Affirms Value of Non-Surgical Treatment for Arrhythmia
A widely used nonsurgical treatment for rapid heart rhythms is safe and beneficial for both children and adults, according to results of a national study led by Johns Hopkins physicians.
1/15/99 Brian Vastag Joins Hopkins Public Affairs Office
Brian Vastag, a science journalist who has written for the Journal of the National Cancer Institute and Nature Medicine, has joined the Office of Communications and Public Affairs at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions as a Senior Media Relations Representative.
1/7/99 Hopkins Scientists' Sequencing of AIDS Virus From India Waves a Red Flag for Vaccine Developers
Scientists at Johns Hopkins and in India report they have sequenced the complete genome of a form of HIV, the AIDS virus, from that country for the first time. The work has revealed unexpected variation in genes for one key part of the virus, prompting the researchers to suggest that currently favored approaches to vaccine development may not work.
1/6/99 Hopkins Establishes Johns Hopkins International L.L.C.
To build on the success of its international programs, Johns Hopkins Medicine (JHM) has established a new organization, Johns Hopkins International L.L.C. (JHI), to centralize and facilitate international initiatives and activities.
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